The remainder of the discussion focused on some of the challenges that the Census Bureau faces. The Congress approves questions on the decennial census and the American Community Survey. They have approved only those questions mandated or required by federal legislation or court cases. That presents considerable challenges to adding new questions to the American Community Survey or the next Census. If data are collected but not presented in a Census product that meets the researcher's needs, it is possible to request special tabulations of Census data. The speaker cautioned that this usually requires considerable time and money (slide 35). There are other alternatives such as the Public Use Microdata files if the limitations on geographic area and sample size are not a problem (slide 33). The speaker encourages researchers to report their needs to the Census Bureau so they can consider these for future American Community Survey or Census products (slides 67-68).
Changes in Census 2000 question from 1990-same question on American Community Survey: "Hispanic or Latino" asked before race
Every respondent to Census 2000 was asked to respond to the Hispanic origin question.
Those who were notof Hispanic origin marked the box "No, not Spanish/ Hispanic/Latino."
People who were of Hispanic origin mark the box indicating the specific group they belong to: Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or other Spanish, Hispanic, Latino, such as Spanish, Honduran, or Venezuelan.
People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
Changes in Census 2000 question from 1990-same question on American Community Survey: Respondents may select one or more races
Asian and Pacific Islander category split:
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
For the first time ever Respondents to the decennial census were allowed to mark more than 1 race category. Race tabulations include six "Alone" categories.
Black or African American
American Indian or Alaska Native
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and
Some other race
There are also 57 possibilities of "Two or more races."
15 combinations of 2 races
20 combinations of 3 races
15 combinations of 4 races
6 combinations of 5 races
1 combination of 6 races
The race question will also supply information on 36 American Indian groups, 6 Native Alaskan groups, 17 Asian groups, and 13 Pacific Islander groups.
The Redistricting Summary File was the first Census 2000 product released. It contains the data from the Census short form that is needed for redistricting. Redistricting is the process of revising the geographic boundaries within a state from which people elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, state legislatures, county and city political subdivisions, school boards, and other voting districts.
This file is available on the Internet and CD-ROM.
The statistical summaries contain population totals and the population 18 years and older. You can subtract to obtain counts of children under 18 for every block in the country. There are summaries for geographic areas, including states, counties, voting districts, county subdivisions, American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian areas, census tracts, block groups, and blocks.
There are summaries for the total population, but not for age groups, by race, Hispanic origin, and voting age for geographic areas down to blocks. Because Census 2000 allowed respondents to check one or more race categories, the race tabulations are verydetailed.
This file contains block level data showing 63 race categories and Hispanic origin.
In Census 2000, nearly all respondents reported only one race. White alone, accounted for 75 percent of all people living in the United States. The African American alone represented 12 percent. American Indian and Alaska Natives alone represented just under 1 percent of the total. Approximately 4 percent of respondents indicated Asian only. The smallest race group was the Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander population alone which represented 0.1 percent of the population.
Almost 6 percent of all respondents indicated that they were Some other race. And about 2 percent of all respondents reported two or more races.
Of the nearly 7 million respondents in this category, 93 percent reported exactly two races.
16 percent were White AND American Indian and Alaska Native.
13 percent were White AND Asian.
11 percent White AND African American.
Of all respondents reporting exactly two races, 47 percent included some other race as one of the two races.
About 13 percent of the population (35 million people) are Latino, according to Census 2000.
About 59 percent of Hispanics were of Mexican origin.
The next largest group was Puerto Rican, accounting for about 10 percent of all Hispanics.
Cubans were the third largest group, making up just 4 percent of the total Hispanic population.
Half of all Hispanics live in just two states: California and Texas.
There are seven states with Hispanic populations of more than one million: California, Texas, New York, Florida, Illinois, Arizona, & New Jersey
New Mexico had the highest share of residents who were Hispanic, 42 percent.
Hispanics may be of any race.
About 48 percent of the Latino population reported that they were White alone.
Forty-two percent said that they were some other race alone. Only 2 percent reported Black only. One 1 percent were American Indian and Alaska Native only. About 6 percent were two or more races.