A Summary of the Meeting of May 30-June 1, 2001. Challenges the Census Bureau Faces


The remainder of the discussion focused on some of the challenges that the Census Bureau faces. The Congress approves questions on the decennial census and the American Community Survey. They have approved only those questions mandated or required by federal legislation or court cases. That presents considerable challenges to adding new questions to the American Community Survey or the next Census. If data are collected but not presented in a Census product that meets the researcher's needs, it is possible to request special tabulations of Census data. The speaker cautioned that this usually requires considerable time and money (slide 35). There are other alternatives such as the Public Use Microdata files if the limitations on geographic area and sample size are not a problem (slide 33). The speaker encourages researchers to report their needs to the Census Bureau so they can consider these for future American Community Survey or Census products (slides 67-68).

Slide 1

Census 2000 and the American Community Survey

Slide 2

Meeting your needs for Indicators of Child and Family Well-Being

Slide 3

Child and Family Welfare Indicators are similar

Slide 4

Community, Neighborhood

Slide 5

Grandparents As Caregivers, New Question

Slide 6

Disabilty-Revised Question

Slide 7

Community, Neighborhood

Slide 8

Community, Neighborhood

Slide 9

Community, Neighborhood

Slide 10

The American Community Survey: A New Way to Collect Laong Form Data

Slide 11

Census 2000 Short form and The American Community Survey

Slide 12

Question on Hispanic Origin


Changes in Census 2000 question from 1990-same question on American Community Survey:  "Hispanic or Latino" asked before race
Every respondent to Census 2000 was asked to respond to the Hispanic origin question.
Those who were notof Hispanic origin marked the box "No, not Spanish/ Hispanic/Latino."
People who were of Hispanic origin mark the box indicating the specific group they belong to: Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or other Spanish, Hispanic, Latino, such as Spanish, Honduran, or Venezuelan.
People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Slide 13

Question On Race

Changes in Census 2000 question from 1990-same question on American Community Survey: Respondents may select one or more races
Asian and Pacific Islander category split:
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

Slide 14

Mutually Exclusive Tabulation Categories for Race and Hispanic Origin

For the first time ever Respondents to the decennial census were allowed to mark more than 1 race category. Race tabulations include six "Alone" categories.
Black or African American
American Indian or Alaska Native
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and
Some other race

There are also 57 possibilities of "Two or more races."
15 combinations of 2 races
20 combinations of 3 races
15 combinations of 4 races
6 combinations of 5 races
1 combination of 6 races

The race question will also supply information on 36 American Indian groups, 6 Native Alaskan groups, 17 Asian groups, and 13 Pacific Islander groups.

Slide 15

Comparing Racial Categories-1990 and 2000

Slide 16


Slide 17

First Census 2000 Product: Redistricting file


The Redistricting Summary File was the first Census 2000 product released. It contains the data from the Census short form that is needed for redistricting. Redistricting is the process of revising the geographic boundaries within a state from which people elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, state legislatures, county and city political subdivisions, school boards, and other voting districts.
This file is available on the Internet and CD-ROM.
The statistical summaries contain population totals and the population 18 years and older. You can subtract to obtain counts of children under 18 for every block in the country. There are summaries for geographic areas, including states, counties, voting districts, county subdivisions, American Indian/Alaska Native/Native Hawaiian areas, census tracts, block groups, and blocks.
There are summaries for the total population, but not for age groups, by race, Hispanic origin, and voting age for geographic areas down to blocks. Because Census 2000 allowed respondents to check one or more race categories, the race tabulations are verydetailed.
This file contains block level data showing 63 race categories and Hispanic origin.

Slide 18

Population Distribution by Race


In Census 2000, nearly all respondents reported only one race. White alone, accounted for 75 percent of all people living in the United States. The African American alone represented 12 percent. American Indian and Alaska Natives alone represented just under 1 percent of the total. Approximately 4 percent of respondents indicated Asian only. The smallest race group was the Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander population alone which represented 0.1 percent of the population.

Almost 6 percent of all respondents indicated that they were Some other race. And about 2 percent of all respondents reported two or more races.

Slide 19

Two or More Race Combination-National Results

Of the nearly 7 million respondents in this category, 93 percent reported exactly two races.
16 percent were White AND American Indian and Alaska Native.
13 percent were White AND Asian.
11 percent White AND African American.
Of all respondents reporting exactly two races, 47 percent included some other race as one of the two races.

Slide 20

Percentage of Hispanic Origin

About 13 percent of the population (35 million people) are Latino, according to Census 2000.
About 59 percent of Hispanics were of Mexican origin.
The next largest group was Puerto Rican, accounting for about 10 percent of all Hispanics.
Cubans were the third largest group, making up just 4 percent of the total Hispanic population.
Half of all Hispanics live in just two states: California and Texas.
There are seven states with Hispanic populations of more than one million: California, Texas, New York, Florida, Illinois, Arizona, & New Jersey
New Mexico had the highest share of residents who were Hispanic, 42 percent.
Hispanics may be of any race.

Slide 21

Race reported by the Hispanic Origin Population: 2000

About 48 percent of the Latino population reported that they were White alone.
Forty-two percent said that they were some other race alone. Only 2 percent reported Black only. One 1 percent were American Indian and Alaska Native only. About 6 percent were two or more races.

Slide 22

Data Products: Traditional and New for Census 2000

Slide 23

Printed Reports: Demographic Profiles

Slide 24

Census 2000 Product Available Now: Demographic profiles

Slide 25

Printed Reports

Slide 26

Electronic Summary Files

Slide 27

Summary File 1: 100 Percent Characteristics

Slide 28

Summary File 2: 100 Percent Characteristics

Slide 29

Summary File 3: 100 Percent Characteristics

Slide 30

Summary File 4: Detailed Long-Form Characteristics

Slide 31

Quick Tables

Slide 32

Geographic Comparision Tables

Slide 33

Tabulations Defined by Data User

Slide 34

Tabulations Defined by Data User

Slide 35

Tabulations Defined by Data User

Slide 36

Release of Census 2000 Data Products

Slide 37

Cost of Data Products

Slide 38

The American Community Servey: What do you get?

Slide 39

The American Community Servey: Helps to Fill Information Gaps

Slide 40

The American Community Servey: Data Products Updated Every Year

Slide 41

The American Community Servey:Types of Products

Slide 42

The American Community Servey:What Are the New Opportunities?

Slide 43

Percent Change of Children in Poverty: 1990-1996

Slide 44

The American Community Servey: Migration Patterns

Slide 45

The American Community Servey: Performance Measures

Slide 46

The American Community Servey: Informed strategic Decisionmaking

Slide 47

Percent Change of Singer Parents: 1990-1996

Slide 48

The American Community Servey: 1999-2000

Slide 49

Future Stages in the American Community Survey Plan

Slide 50

Where Do You Find Data Products?

Slide 51

Summary Tabulations Show the Confidence Interval

Slide 52

Tell the Census Bureau What You Need

Slide 53

Census 2000 Supplementary Survey: What it mean to you

Slide 54

Census 2000 Supplementary Survey Briefs

Slide 55

Census Long Form Transitional Database: 2001, 2002

Slide 56

2003 and Beyond: Full Implementation of the American Community Survey

Slide 57

The American Community Survey: Planned Data Release Dates

Slide 58

Data Issues

Slide 59

Issue: Multi-year Averages

Slide 60

Issue: Data Quality and Disclosure Avoidance

Slide 61

Issue: Geographic Boundaries

Slide 62

The American Community Survey: Examples of Federal Uses: Welfare

Slide 63

The American Community Survey: Examples of Federal Uses: Education

Slide 64

Data Partners in Springfield, Massachusetts

Slide 65

New Products Planned: American Community Survey and Census 2000 Supplementary Survey

Slide 66

Draft Plan for Tables of Characteristics Repeated by Race and Hispanic Origin

Slide 67

For More Information on the American Community Survey

Slide 68

Information on Census 2000