A Study of Work Participation and Full Engagement Strategies. Program Strategies to Promote Full Engagement


In order to engage all or most TANF recipients in work or work-related activities, programs must be designed and program staff equipped to serve recipients with a range of characteristics, needs, and abilities--including those with few or many challenges to work. As noted in Chapter II, the study sites did not all approach universal engagement in the same way. Some focused on creating a broad range of program options, while others concentrated on providing employment opportunities outside the paid labor market for recipients who are not work ready. To support placement in these activities, the sites also conducted comprehensive assessments, implemented an individualized approach to case planning and worked with other service providers to increase access to needed programs or services.

In this chapter, we examine in detail how the sites used these strategies to engage all or nearly all TANF recipients in work or work-related program activities. It is likely that one of these strategies alone, or even a few combined, will not achieve full engagement. To do so, programs will have to incorporate many of the strategies into their approaches.

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