Study of HHS Programs Serving Human Trafficking Victims. References

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Endnotes

[1] A copy of the comprehensive literature review can be downloaded from the following Web sites: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ and http://www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/.

[2] This definition is being used for the purpose of this study.

[3] It is important to note that not all forms of child sexual exploitation meet the definition for human trafficking. However, the prostitution of children, a form of sexual exploitation, does meet the legal definition for trafficking.

[4] The Office for Victims of Crime began administering comprehensive service grants to communities to provide pre-certification services to international victims of human trafficking who were pursuing certification and cooperating with law enforcement. Additionally, HHS extended the parameters of its direct services (now per capita services) funding to cover the period of pre-certification. The Per Capita Victim Services contract is designed to centralize services while maintaining a high level of care for victims of human trafficking through anytime, anywhere case management.

[5] The HHS regional offices are: Region 1: Boston; Region 2: New York; Region 3: Philadelphia; Region 4: Atlanta; Region 5: Chicago; Region 6: Dallas; Region 7: Kansas City; Region 8: Denver; Region 9: San Francisco; and  Region 10: Seattle.

[6] A series of five issue briefs was prepared as part of this study and can be downloaded from the following Web sites:  http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ and www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/.

[7] It is important to note that these findings are based on informal discussions with 117 programs across 10 locations, with a range of 9-18 discussions per location.

[8] For additional information on the identification of victims of human trafficking, see the issue brief prepared as part of this study entitled, Identifying victims of human trafficking: Inherent challenges and promising strategies from the field, it can be downloaded from http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ or http://www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/.

[9] For additional information on the needs of victims of human trafficking, see the issue brief prepared as part of this study entitled, Addressing the needs of victims of human trafficking: Challenges, barriers, and promising practices, it can be downloaded from http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ or http://www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/.

[10] With the Office for Victims of Crime demonstration program for victims of domestic trafficking and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention funding for community responses to commercial sexual exploitation of children, limited resources will be available in a few communities to support case management services.

[11] For additional information on case management for victims of human trafficking, see the issue brief prepared as part of this study entitled, Case management and the victim of human trafficking: A critical service for victim success, it can be downloaded from http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ or http://www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/.

[12] For additional information on the housing needs of domestic minor victims, see the issue brief prepared as part of this study entitled, Finding a path to recovery: Residential facilities for minor victims of domestic sex trafficking, it can be downloaded from http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ or http://www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/.

[13] The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996.

[14] For additional information on trauma and the mental health service needs of victims of human trafficking, see the issue brief prepared as part of this study entitled, Treating the hidden wounds: Trauma treatment and mental health recovery for victims of human trafficking, it can be downloaded from http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/ or http://www.icfi.com/markets/social-programs/.

[15] The three data sources cited most frequently by respondents were the USCCB online per capita database, which contains client demographic information and data on service provision, case progress, legal progress, and expenditures per cases; the Office for Victims of Crime Trafficking Information Management System, which contains client demographics such as gender, date of birth, country of origin, type of trafficking, referral source, immigration status, and association with a legal case as well as service data; and the Bureau of Justice Statistics Human Trafficking Reporting System, which is an incident-based collection system containing data on human trafficking cases investigated by law enforcement from the 42 anti-trafficking task forces.

How to Obtain a Printed Copy

To obtain a printed copy of this report, send the title and your mailing information to:

Human Services Policy, Room 404E
Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
200 Independence Ave, SW
Washington, DC 20201

Fax:  (202) 690-6562
Email:  pic@hhs.gov

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