Study of HHS Programs Serving Human Trafficking Victims. Guiding Study Questions

12/15/2009

This study is intended to provide a more in-depth understanding of human trafficking, the victims of this crime, and the services provided to meet their needs by programs primarily funded by HHS. Specifically, the following questions are addressed by this study:

  • How does the field define human trafficking?  Who is a victim and what are the characteristics of victims of human trafficking?
  • How are victims of human trafficking being identified?  What are challenges to identifying victims?
  • What outreach strategies are being used successfully to reach and identify victims?
  • What are the needs of victims? In what ways, if any, are the needs of victims similar and how are they different?
  • What services are being provided to victims of human trafficking, both international and domestic, and who are the agencies providing services? How are these services similar for trafficking victim populations and how are they different?
  • In what ways, if any, is access to services different for international compared to domestic victims?  Adults compared to children? Males compared to females?  Victims of sex trafficking compared to labor trafficking?
  • What are challenges/barriers to providing services?  To accessing services?  How are these challenges/barriers similar or different for international compared to domestic victims?  Adults compared to children? Males compared to females?  Victims of sex trafficking compared to labor trafficking?
  • What are promising approaches/strategies to providing services?
  • What are the desired outcomes for victims as a result of receiving services?
  • What evidence is there that programs/services are achieving desired outcomes?

The answers to these questions are intended to provide HHS, other Federal agencies, and the field of victim service providers, child welfare and juvenile justice professionals, law enforcement, and other key stakeholders in the fight against human trafficking with current information grounded in the realities of those working directly with victims, and to help inform future policies and practices.

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