- Armstrong, J.S.
- 1975 Monetary incentives in mail surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly 39:111-116.
- Asch, D.A., N.A. Christakis, and P.A. Ubel
- 1998 Conducting physician mail surveys on a limited budget: A randomized trial comparing $2 vs. $5 incentives. Medical Care 36(1):95-99.
- Balakrishnan, P.V., S.K. Chawla, M.F. Smith, and B.P. Micholski
- 1992 Mail survey response rates using a lottery prize giveaway incentive. Journal of Direct Marketing 6:54-59.
- Baumgartner, Robert, and Pamela Rathbun
- 1997 Prepaid Monetary Incentives and Mail Survey Response Rates. Unpublished paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Association of Public Opinion Research, Norfolk, VA, May 15-18.
- Baumgartner, Robert, Pamela Rathbun, Kevin Boyle, Michael Welsh, and Drew Laughlan
- 1998 The Effect of Prepaid Monetary Incentives on Mail Survey Response Rates and Response Quality. Unpublished paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Association of Public Opinion Research, St. Louis, May 14-17.
- Berlin, Martha, Leyla Mohadjer, Joseph Waksberg, Andrew Kolstad, Irwin Kirsch, D. Rock, and Kentaro Yamamoto
- 1992 An experiment in monetary incentives. Pp. 393-398 in Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods. Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.
- Biner, Paul M., and Heath J. Kidd
- 1994 The interactive effects of monetary incentive justification and questionnaire length on mail survey response rates. Psychology and Marketing 11:483-492.
- Bischoping, Katherine, and Howard Schuman
- 1992 Pens and polls in Nicaragua: An analysis of the 1990 preelection surveys. American Journal of Political Science 36:331-350.
- Brehm, John
- 1994 Stubbing our toes for a foot in the door? Prior contact, incentives and survey response. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 6(1):45-63.
- Chromy, James R., and Daniel G. Horvitz
- 1978 The Use of Monetary Incentives in National Assessment Household Surveys. Journal of the American Statistical Association 73(363):473-78.
- Church, Allan H.
- 1999 Estimating the effect of incentives on mail survey response rates: A meta-analysis. Public Opinion Quarterly 57:62-79.
- Cox, Eli P.
- 1976 A cost/ benefit view of prepaid monetary incentives in mail questionnaires. Public Opinion Quarterly 40:101-104.
- Dillman, Don A.
- 1978 Mail and Telephone Surveys: The Total Design Method. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
- Fox, Richard J., Melvin Crask, and Kim Jonghoon
- 1988 Mail Survey Response Rate: A Meta-Analysis of Selected Techniques for Inducing Response. Public Opinion Quarterly 52:467-491.
- Groves, Robert M., Eleanor Singer, Amy D. Corning, and Ashley Bowers
- 1999 A laboratory approach to measuring the effects on survey participation of interview length, incentives, differential incentives, and refusal conversion. Journal of Official Statistics 15:251-268.
- Groves, Robert M., Eleanor Singer, and Amy D. Corning
- 2000 Leverage-salience theory of survey participation: Description and an illustration. Public Opinion Quarterly 64:299-308.
- Heberlein, Thomas A., and Robert Baumgartner
- 1978 Factors affecting response rates to mailed questionnaires: A quantitative analysis of the published literature. American Sociological Review 43:447-462.
- Hopkins, K.D., and A.R. Gullickson
- 1992 Response rates in survey research: A meta-analysis of monetary gratuities. Journal of Experimental Education 61:52-56
- Hox, Joop
- 1999 The influence of interviewers attitude and behavior on household survey nonresponse: An international comparison. Unpublished paper presented at the International Conference on Survey Nonresponse, Portland, OR, October 28-31.
- Hubbard, Raymond, and Eldon L. Little
- 1988 Promised contributions to charity and mail survey responses: Replication with extension. Public Opinion Quarterly 52:223-230.
- Hyman, Herbert H.
- 1954 Interviewing in Social Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- James, Jeannine M., and Richard Bolstein
- 1990 The effect of monetary incentives and follow-up mailings on the response rate and response quality in mail surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly 54:346-361.
1992 Large monetary incentives and their effect on mail survey response rates. Public Opinion Quarterly 56:442-453.
- James, Tracy
- 1997 Results of the Wave 1 incentive experiment in the 1996 survey of income and program participation. Pp. 834-839 in Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods. Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.
- Juster, F. Thomas, and Richard Suzman
- 1995 An overview of the health and retirement study. The Journal of Human Resources 30(5):S7-S56.
- Kanuk, L., and C. Berenson
- 1975 Mail surveys and response rates: A literature review. Journal of Marketing Research 12:440-453.
- Kerachsky, Stuart J., and Charles D. Mallar
- 1981 The effects of monetary payments on survey responses: Experimental evidence from a longitudinal study of economically disadvantaged youths. Pp. 258-263 in Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods. Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.
- Kim, K., C. Lee, and Y. Whang
- 1995 The effect of respondent involvement in sweepstakes on response rates in mail surveys. Pp. 216-220 in Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods. Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.
- Kulka, Richard A.
- 1995 The use of incentives to survey hard-to-reach respondents: A brief review of empirical research and current practice. Pp. 256-299 in Seminar on New Directions in Statistical Methodology (Statistical Policy Working Paper 23), Part 2 of 3. Washington, DC: Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology, Statistical Policy Office, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget.
- Lengacher, Jennie E., Colleen M. Sullivan, Mick P. Couper, and Robert M. Groves
- 1995 Once Reluctant, Always Reluctant? Effects of Differential Incentives on Later Survey Participation in a Longitudinal Study. Unpublished paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, Fort Lauderdale, FL, May 18-21.
- Levine, S., and G. Gordon
- 1958 Maximizing returns on mail questionnaires. Public Opinion Quarterly 22:568-575.
- Linsky, Arnold S.
- 1975 Stimulating responses to mailed questionnaires: A review. Public Opinion Quarterly 39:82-101.
- Lynn, Peter
- 1999 Is the Impact of Respondent Incentives on Personal Interview Surveys Transmitted via the Interviewers? Unpublished manuscript. Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, Colchester.
- Mack, Stephen, Vicki Huggins, Donald Keathley, and Mahdi Sundukchi
- 1998 Do monetary incentives improve response rates in the survey of income and program participation? Pp. 529-534 in Proceedings of the Section on Survey Research Methods. Alexandria, VA: American Statistical Association.
- Martin, Elizabeth, Denise Abreu, and Franklin Winters
- 2001 Money and motive: Effects of incentives on panel attrition in the Survey of Income and Program Participation. Journal of Official Statistics 17:267-284.
- Martinez-Ebers, Valerie
- 1997 Using monetary incentives with hard-to-reach populations in panel surveys. International Journal of Public Opinion Research 9:77-86.
- Mason, Robert, Virginia Lesser, and Michael W. Trangott
- 1999 Impact of missing values from converted refusals on nonsampling error. Unpublished paper presented at the International Conference on Survey Nonresponse, Portland, OR, October 28-31.
- McCool, Steven F.
- 1991 Using probabilistic incentives to increase response rates to mail return highway intercept diaries. Journal of Travel Research 30:17-19.
- Merkle, Daniel, Murray Edelman, Kathy Dykeman, and Chris Brogan
- 1998 An Experimental Study of Ways to Increase Exit Poll Response Rates and Reduce Survey Error. Unpublished paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Association of Public Opinion Research, St. Louis, May 14-17.
- Porst, Rolf, and Christa von Briel
- 1995 Waren Sie vielleicht bereit, sich gegenebenfalls noch einmal befragen zu lassen? Oder: Gründe für die Teilnahme an Panelbefragungen. In ZUMA-Arbeitsbericht, Nr. 95/04. Mannheim, Germ.
- Presser, Stanley
- 1989 Collection and design issues: Discussion. Pp. 75-79 in Panel Surveys, D. Kaspryzk, G. Duncan, G. Kalton, and M. Singh, eds. New York: Wiley.
- Schwarz, N., and G.L. Clore
- 1996 Feelings and phenomenal experiences. Pp. 433-465 in Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles, E.T. Higgins and A. Kruglanski, eds. New York: Guilford.
- Shettle, Carolyn, and Geraldine Mooney
- 1999 Monetary incentives in government surveys. Journal of Official Statistics 15:231-250.
- Singer, Eleanor, Martin R. Frankel, and Marc B. Glassman
- 1983 The effect of interviewers characteristics and expectations on response. Public Opinion Quarterly 47:68-83.
- Singer, Eleanor, Nancy Gebler, Trivellore Raghunathan, John Van Hoewyk, and Katherine McGonagle
- 1999a The effect of incentives in interviewer-mediated surveys. Journal of Official Statistics 15:217-230.
- Singer, Eleanor, Robert M. Groves, and Amy D. Corning
- 1999b Differential incentives: Beliefs about practices, perceptions of equity, and effects on survey participation. Public Opinion Quarterly 63:251-260.
- Singer, Eleanor, and Luane Kohnke-Aguirre
- 1979 Interviewer expectation effects: A replication and extension. Public Opinion Quarterly 43:245-260.
- Singer, Eleanor, John Van Hoewyk, and Mary P. Maher
- 1998 Does the payment of incentives create expectation effects? Public Opinion Quarterly 62:152-164.
2000 Experiments with incentives in telephone surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly 64:171-188.
- Sudman, Seymour, Norman M. Bradburn, Ed Blair, and Carol Stocking
- 1977 Modest expectations: The effects of interviewers prior expectations on responses. Sociological Methods and Research 6:171-182.
- Sundukchi, M.
- 1999 SIPP 1996: Some results from the Wave 7 incentive experiment. Unpublished document, January 28, U.S. Census Bureau.
- Warriner, Keith, John Goyder, Heidi Gjertsen, Paula Hohner, and Kathleen McSpurren
- 1996 Charities, No, Lotteries, No, Cash, Yes: Main Effects and Interactions in a Canadian Incentives Experiment. Unpublished paper presented at the Survey Non-Response Session of the Fourth International Social Science Methodology Conference, University of Essex, Institute for the Social Sciences, Colchester, UK, October 6-8.
- Wiese, Cheryl J.
- 1998 Refusal conversions: What Is Gained? National Network of State Polls Newsletter 32:1-3
- Yu, Julie, and Harris Cooper
- 1983 A quantitative review of research design effects on response rates to questionnaires. Journal of Marketing Research 2036-2044.
"01.pdf" (pdf, 472.92Kb)
"02.pdf" (pdf, 395.41Kb)
"03.pdf" (pdf, 379.04Kb)
"04.pdf" (pdf, 381.73Kb)
"05.pdf" (pdf, 393.7Kb)
"06.pdf" (pdf, 415.3Kb)
"07.pdf" (pdf, 375.49Kb)
"08.pdf" (pdf, 475.21Kb)
"09.pdf" (pdf, 425.17Kb)
"10.pdf" (pdf, 424.33Kb)
"11.pdf" (pdf, 392.39Kb)
"12.pdf" (pdf, 386.39Kb)
"13.pdf" (pdf, 449.86Kb)