Studies of Welfare Populations: Data Collection and Research Issues. Endnotes

06/01/2002

1.  The design of the qualitative sample in New Hope took a random draw from all program and control cases that fell into the family and child sample (essentially, cases with at least one child aged 0-10 at the point of random assignment). The research team did some stratification before drawing the sample, sorting the list by program vs. control status, then by race. Thereafter, the sampling was random within these cells (see Weisner et al., 1999).

2.  When one adds in the costs of transcription, this method may be more expensive than it first appears. However, because it involves a much smaller number of people gathered into one place, the logistics are less burdensome and the sheer amount of data probably more manageable than a large-scale survey.

3.  John L. Jackson's (2001) dissertation, "Doing Harlem," makes this point very forcefully as he negotiates the vast gulf that separated him as a black man in a doctoral program from his black informants who were far less well educated.

4.  One should not minimize the interference that class differences pose, even when interviewers are matched for race. Graduate students from research universities may have very little in common with welfare recipients, even when they share minority status. The class background gap can loom very large.

5.  See Quint et al. (1999) for more detail on the methodology of the Urban Change project.

6.  Neighborhoods are defined in terms of census tracts. Ranging in size from one to four contiguous tracts, these neighborhoods must meet the poverty, welfare receipt, and racial/ethnic composition (Edin and Lein, 1999:7)

7.  For helpful reviews of these software packages, see Barry (1998) or "QDA Overview" on the web at http://www.quarc.de/body_overview.html.

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