Studies of Welfare Populations: Data Collection and Research Issues. Appendix B

06/01/2002

SUPPLEMENTARY TABLES

TABLE 13-B1
Distributions of Long-termer, Short-termer, and Cycler Welfare Histories
by Alternative Definitions (percent distribution)
  Definition 1(a) Definition 2(b) Definition 3(c) Definition 4(d) Definition 5(e)
Full sample
Long-termer 76.7 67.8 61.2 55.3 36.9
Short-termer 9.4 18.3 24.9 30.8 49.2
Cycler 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.9
By leaver status
Stayers
Long-termer 84.2 77.8 72.4 66.7 47.7
Short-termer 5.7 12.1 17.5 23.1 42.1
Cycler 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2 10.2
Leavers
Long-termer 68.7 57 49.1 42.9 25.2
Short-termer 13.3 25 32.9 39.1 56.8
Cycler 18 18 18 18 18
Note: All cyclers are those who have had three or more spells regardless of average spell length.
a Definition 1: Average spell length 6 months = short-termer; average spell length >6 = long-termer.
b Definition 2: Average spell length 12 months=short-termer; average spell length >12 = long-termer.
c Definition 3: Average spell length 18 months=short-termer; average spell length >18 = long-termer.
d Definition 4: Average spell length 24 months=short-termer; average spell length >24 = long-termer.
e Definition 5: Average spell length 36 months=short-termer; average spell length >36 = long-termer.
TABLE 13-B2
Earnings of Leavers in Quarters Without AFDC Receipt (includes disappearers)
  1st Quarter After Exit 2nd Quarter After Exit 3rd Quarter After Exit 4th Quarter After Exit 5th Quarter After Exit
All leavers
N 19,912 18,803 18,987 19,375 19,815
Mean earnings 1,370 1,656 1,745 1,827 1,860
Median earnings 1,245 1,381 1,290 1,385 1,382
Short-term welfare user
N 8,610 7,766 7,832 7,955 8,113
Mean earnings 1,575 1,647 1,687 1,741 1,787
Median earnings 1,017 1,117 1,127 1,154 1,185
Long-term welfare user
N 8,264 7,729 7,795 7,955 8,139
Mean earnings 1,697 1,762 1,801 1,893 1,927
Median earnings 1,399 1,408 1,421 1,524 1,528
Cycler
N 3,545 3,308 3,360 3,465 3,563
Mean earnings 1,656 1,702 1,752 1,871 1,874
Median earnings 1,381 1,352 1,338 1,553 1,482
TABLE 13-B3
Different Definitions of High-Barrier Cases
  Definition
1(a)
Definition
2(b)
Definition
3(c)
Definition
4(d)
Definition
5(e)
Definition
6(f)
Number 1,410 421 1,723 361 2,484 3,292
Percent of total sample 2.9 2.1 3.6 0.7 5.2 6.8
Number of leavers 344 27 443 87 506 1,225
Percent in high-barrier definition who left AFDC 24.4 6.4 25.7 24.1 20.4 37.2
a Definition 1 = Basic high-barrier definition: Did not finish high school, received AFDC for more than 48 months in 72 months prior to exit, had at least one child under the age of 5, worked four or fewer quarters in the preexit period.
b Definition 2 = Same as #1 except did not work at all in the preexit period.
c Definition 3 = Same as #1 except worked fewer than eight quarters in the preexit period.
d Definition 4 = Same as #1 except had at least one child under the age of 1.
e Definition 5 = Only qualification is case head received SSI.
f Definition 6 = Only qualification is one child in case received SSI.

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