Strengthening Head Start: What the Evidence Shows. Appendix A


Overview of Major Federal and State Spending for
Preschool and Child Care Programs
(Funding, in billions)
В  FYВ 2003 FYВ 2004
Department of Education(1) 1.7 1.8
Department of Health and Human Services(2) В  В 
CCDF/TANF/SSBG (Federal)(3) 8.6 8.6
CCDF/TANF (State MOE & Match)(4) 3.0 3.0
В В В В В В В В В HHS Child Care Subtotal 11.6 11.6
Head Start (Federal) 6.7 6.8
Estimated State Pre-Kindergarten(5) 2.7 2.7
State Supplements to Head Start(5) 0.2 0.2
Total Federal and State Spending on Pre-Kindergarten and Child Care(6) 22.9 23.1


  1. Based on estimated proportion of pre-kindergarten services provided by each program.
  2. DHHS expenditures are for children of all ages.
  3. Includes Child Care Development Fund (CCDF) mandatory and discretionary spending; Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) transfer to CCDF; TANF direct spending; Social Security Block Grant (SSBG).
  4. Includes CCDF State Maintenance of Effort (MOE) & Match; TANF MOE in excess of CCDF MOE.
  5. Based on estimates provided by states to the Head Start Bureau. State preK estimates are generally for 2002; assumed constant for 2003 and 2004.
  6. Total does not include tax expenditures ($3.5 billion estimate in 2003) or the Child and Adult Care Food Program ($1.9 billion estimate for child portion in 2003).

View full report


"report.pdf" (pdf, 584.02Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®