Strategies for Measuring the Quality of Psychotherapy: A White Paper to Inform Measure Development and Implementation. VII. Conclusions and Next Steps


Measures that assess the content, duration, and outcomes of psychotherapy have the potential to inform quality improvement efforts and bring greater accountability to the delivery of mental health care. Several different measurement strategies could offer insight into the quality of psychotherapy; all would require investments, varying levels of changes in workflow for providers, and consumer participation.

Decisions about the development and implementation of quality measures for psychotherapy requires the collaboration of many stakeholders, including consumers, providers, health plans, payers, and state agencies. In light of the strengths and limitations of the different measurement strategies described in this paper, these stakeholders may need to prioritize measure-development and implementation. In this final chapter, we identify some immediate and longer-term opportunities for psychotherapy quality measures within the context of existing data sources, reporting structures, and ongoing health care reforms. We primarily focus on measures assessing the effectiveness and outcomes of care rather than measures that assess the utilization or costs of services.

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