Status of Research on the Outcomes of Welfare Reform, 2000. Trends in the Demand for Assistance Services (1999)


Current status: People being removed from public assistance who have not found jobs or achieved self-sufficiency may become clients of emergency services such as soup kitchens and homeless shelters. In some cities, there are well-developed networks of private human services providers that collect data about their clients. This project studies the trends in the demand for emergency assistance services, such as homeless shelters and food banks, between 1993 and 1998. The two grantees for this project have collected data from providers of these services in order to examine the changing patterns of usage during the period of economic expansion and declining welfare caseloads before and after welfare reform. The final reports will provide an indicator of whether welfare reform has had any effect on the demand for emergency services.

Estimated Completion Date: California report - December 2000; Massachusetts report - March 2001