Status Report on Research on the Outcomes of Welfare Reform, 2001. Chapter II: Findings/Results from Outcomes-Funded Projects

08/17/2001

Many of the studies funded with the targeted Policy Research funds in Fiscal Years 1998, 1999 and/or 2000 are still on-going projects. However, several ASPE-funded studies, supported in whole or in part by the targeted Policy Research funds, have been completed or have released interim findings since our last report. Primary among them are findings from the National Academy of Sciences' Panel on Data and Methods for Measuring the Effects of Changes in Social Welfare Programs, the ASPE-funded grantees studying welfare leavers, several researcher-initiated grants to study welfare outcomes, and some other longer-term projects. This chapter includes both findings from completed projects and some interim results or products from continuing projects.

A substantial proportion of our prior years' welfare outcomes funding has been devoted to partnering with states and counties through grants to study the experiences of people who left the TANF program ("leavers") or were diverted from welfare. Another sizable portion of our FY 1999 and 2000 funding was used to support competitively selected researcher-initiated proposals to study a variety of welfare outcomes questions. Below are highlights of findings on leavers as well as more detailed findings from other projects, including very early findings from the diversion studies. Details of grantee findings on welfare leavers are included in Appendix B.