State Residential Care and Assisted Living Policy: 2004. TABLE 2-2. Comparison of State Residential and Assisted Living Regulations: Characteristics

03/31/2005

  State     Category   Size
  Definition1  
Apt
  Required  
Sharing
by
  Choice?2  
Max #
  Occupants  
Size-
  Single  
  Size
2+3  
#/
  Toilet  
#/
  Bath  
AL Assisted living facilities 2 N N 2 80* 130* 6 8
AK Assisted living homes 3 N Y 2 80 140 NS NS
AR Residential long-term care facilities 3 N Y 2 100 160 6 10
Assisted living facilities 3 Y* Y 2 150 230 2 2
AZ Assisted living facilities <10, >10 N Y 2 80/220* 120/320 8 8
CA Residential care facilities for elderly NS N Y* 2 ** ** 6 10
CO Assisted living residences 3 N N 2 100 120 6 6
CT Assisted living service agencies NS* Y Y * * * * *
Residential care homes 2 N Y 2 150 250 4 8
DE Rest residential homes NS N N 4 100 80 4 4
Assisted living NS N Y 2 ** ** NA NA
FL Assisted living facilities (standard) 1 N N 2* 80 60* 6 8
Limited nursing services N 2* 6 8
Assisted living extended congregate care Y 2 4 4
GA Personal care homes 2 N N 4 80 60 4 8
Community living arrangements 2 N N 2 NS NS 4 4
HI Assisted living facilities NS Y Y NS 220 NA 1 1
Adult residential care home <6, >6 N N 4 90 70 8 14
ID Residential and assisted living facilities 3 N N 2 100 80 6 8
IL Assisted living facilities 3 N* Y NS NS NS 1 NS
Shelter care facilities NS NS NS 4 70 60 10 15
Shared housing < 12 N NS NS NS NS 4 6
IN Residential care facilities NS N N 4 100 80 8 8
IA Assisted living programs 6 N Y 2 240/70* 340/70 1 1
KS Assisted living 6 Y Y NS 200 NS 1 1
KY Assisted living communities 5 N Y 2 200 200 NA
Personal care homes NS N N 4 NS NS 8 12
LA Personal care homes 2-8 N N 2 100 70 NS NS
Assisted living 2 Y Y 2 250 250* 1 1
ME Assisted living programs NS Y Y NA NA NA NA NA
Assisted living residential care I-IV NS N N 2 100 160 6 10
MD Assisted living programs NS N N 2 80 120 4 8
MA Assisted living residences 3 ** NS 2 NS NS ** **
MI Homes for the aged > 20 N N 4 100 80 8 15
Adult foster care: small group homes < 12 N N 2 80 170 8 8
Adult foster care: large group homes 13-20
MN Housing with services establishments 1 ** ** ** ** ** 10 20
MO Residential care facilities I & II 3 N N 4 70 70 6 20
MS Personal care homes NS N N 4 80 80 6 12
MT Personal care facilities NS N N 4 100 80 4 12
NE Assisted living facilities 4 N N 2 100 80 1* 8*
NV Residential care facilities for groups 3 N N 3 80 60 4 6
NH Supported residential care facilities 2 N N 2 80 140 6 6
Residential care home facilities 2 N N 2 80 140 6 6
NJ Assisted living residences 4 Y Y 2 150 230 1 1
Assisted living programs NS* NA Y NA NA NA NA NA
Comprehensive personal care 4 N Y 2 80 130 NS NS
NM Adult residential care 2 N N 2 100 80 8 8
NY Adult care homes 5 N N 2 100 160 6 10
Enriched housing programs 5 Y Y NS NS NS 3 3
Residence for adults NS N N 2 100 160 6 10
Assisted living programs 5 Y/N Y/N ** ** ** ** **
NC Adult care homes 7 N N 4 100 80 5 10
ND Basic care facility 5 N N NS 100 80* 4 15
Assisted living facilities 5 ** ** ** ** ** ** **
Adult care facilities 3-16 N N 4 80 60 8 8
OH Adult care facilities 3-16 N N 4 80 60 8 8
Residential care facilities 17+ N N 3 100 80 8 8
OK Residential care home NS N N NS 80 60 6 10
Assisted living centers 2 N N 2 ** ** 4 4
OR Assisted living facilities 6 Y Y 1 220 NA 1 1
Residential care facilities 6 N N 2 70 120 6 10
PA Personal care homes 4 N N 4 80 60 6 15
RI Assisted living facilities 2 N N 2 100 80 8 10
SC Community residential care facilities 2 N N 4 80 60 8 10
SD Assisted living centers 2 N N 2 120 220 1 1
TN Assisted living facilities NS N N 2 80 160 6 6
Homes for the aged 1 N N 2 80 80 6 6
TX Assisted living facilities 4 N Y 4 100* 80* 6 6
UT Assisted living facilities type I 2 N N 2 100 160 6 10
Assisted living facilities type II 2 N Y 2 120 200 4 10
VA Assisted living facilities 4 N N 4 100 80 7 10
VT Residential care facilities 3 N N 2 100 80 8 8
Assisted living facilities NS Y Y 2 225 NA 1 1
WA Boarding homes 7 N N 2 80 70 8 12
Assisted living facilities (Medicaid) 7 Y NA 1 220 NA 1 1
WV Assisted living residences 4 -- -- 2 100 180 6 10
Residential care communities 17 Y Y 2 300 * NS NS
WI Residential care apartment complexes NS Y Y* 2 250 NA NS NS
Community-based residential facilities 5 N N 2 100 80 8 8
WY Assisted living facilities NS N N 2 120 80 2 10
Boarding homes
NOTES:
M: Moratorium.  NR: Not reported.  NA: Not applicable.  NS: Not specified.  */** See state notes below.
  1. This column presents the number of units/beds included in the definition of the licensing category, e.g., serving four or more individuals.
  2. Indicates whether residents share units by choice.
  3. Square footage in shared units is total square footage for two residents or square footage per resident in rooms for two or more.

*/** STATE NOTES:
AL: Private room with sitting areas, 160 square feet. Double room with sitting area, 200 square feet.
AR: Rules for assisted living require apartments.
AZ: Unit size figures are for rooms/apartment units. Apartments are required in centers that contract with the ALTCS (Medicaid) Program.
CA: Choice whenever possible. No requirements for size of bedrooms.
CT: Rules only address requirements for assisted living service agencies. Unit requirements are specified by the housing funding source.
DE: Space requirements are not specified.
FL: Facilities licensed after October 1999. Four persons may share a room in standard facilities licensed prior to 1999.
IA: Additional habitable rooms in any unit must be at least 70 square feet.
IL: Nursing homes converting a portion of a facility to supportive living must offer apartments with 160 square feet for single occupancy and 320 square feet for units shared by two persons.
LA: Rules require 250 square feet of living space. Units with two bedrooms must have 190 square feet of living/dining/kitchen space and 120 square feet for each bedroom.
MA: New construction requires private bathroom and kitchenette or access to cooking capacity. Existing construction requires private half bathroom. Full bathrooms may be shared by up to three residents. Bedrooms may be shared.
MN: Licensing rules apply to service providers. Local codes apply to the building based on its use.
NE: New construction facilities must have a toilet and sink adjoining each bedroom. Existing or new facilities may have shared toilet rooms provided the following: one toilet for every six beds in existing facilities; one toilet per four beds in new facilities. Facilities must provide a bathing facility consisting of a tub and/or shower adjacent to each room or provide a central bathing room. In existing facilities, rooms must have 80 square feet and in multiple occupancy rooms 60 square feet per bed with no more than four persons occupying a room. In new construction, apartments must have 150 square feet for one resident and 110 square feet for each additional resident. In existing facilities, apartments must have 120 square feet for one resident and 100 square feet for each additional resident.
NJ: ALPs operate in conventional publicly subsidized senior housing complexes.
NY: Assisted living programs comply with the relevant requirements under which the contracting facility is licensed (i.e., adult home or enriched housing program).
ND: Rooms for three or more, 70 square feet per bed. There are no unit requirements for assisted living facilities. New rules define a living unit as a portion of an assisted living facility occupied as the living quarters of an individual who has entered into a lease agreement with an assisted living facility.
OK: Regulations do not specify requirements for the size of bedrooms.
TX: Type A facilities require 80 square feet for single occupancy and 60 square feet per resident in multiple occupancy rooms.
UT: A single occupant unit without additional living space shall be a minimum of 120 square feet. A double occupant unit without additional living space shall be a minimum of 200 square feet. A single occupant bedroom in a unit with additional living space shall be a minimum of 100 square feet. A double occupant bedroom in a unit with additional living space shall be a minimum of 160 square feet..
WV: Multi-occupancy apartments must have at least 80 square feet of bedroom space per resident and no more than two residents may occupy an apartment.
WI: Allows sharing with a spouse or a roommate chosen by the tenant.

 

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