State Policies to Promote Marriage. Preliminary Report.. Table 7: State Transfer Policies

03/01/2002

State Medicaid: Two-parent family eligibility based solely on financial circumstances (a) Medicaid Income limits for Pregnant Women

(% FPL) (b)

Expanded Health Care Coverage to two parent families (c) TANF: Two-Parent Family Eligibility Based Solely on Financial Circumstances (f) TANF: Provide Marriage Incentives TANF: Marriage Promotion by State Workers Child support arrearage forgiveness upon remarriage (g)
Alabama X 133   X Disregards the earned income of a new or reconciling spouses for three months. Source: Family Assistance Policy Manual, Section 3215C.    
Alaska X 200   X      
Arizona X 140 Medicaid income disregard.(d) Covers parents through SCHIP.        
Arkansas   133   X      
California X 300 Medicaid income disregard. Covers parents through SCHIP.        
Colorado X 133   X      
Connecticut X 185   X      
Delaware X 200 Expanded coverage through Medicaid 1115 waiver (e) X      
District of Columbia X 200 Medicaid income disregard        
Florida   185   X      
Georgia X 235          
Hawaii X 185 Expanded coverage through Medicaid 1115 waiver X      
Idaho X 133   X      
Illinois X 200   X      
Indiana X 150          
Iowa X 200   X      
Kansas X 150   X      
Kentucky   185          
Louisiana   133   X      
Maine   200 Medicaid income disregard   Stepparents of TANF children have the option to be included or excluded from the TANF program. Source: FY 2000 State TANF Report to ACF.    
Maryland X 200   X      
Massachusetts X 200          
Michigan X 185   X      
Minnesota X 275 Expanded coverage through Medicaid 1115 waiver; Medicaid income disregard; covers parents through SCHIP. X Stepparents are required to be included as eligible members in a TANF assistance unit. Source: Minnesota State Plan.    
Mississippi X 185     (1) Disregard the income of a stepparent in determining a household's eligibility for welfare for the first six months after the couple marries. Source: http://www.brook.edu/
dybdocroot/press/REVIEW/
summer2001/horn.htm
(2) Bill. SB2834 (1999 Regular Session). Died in Committee. The Department of Human Services may make a one-time lump-sum payment to any TANF participant who becomes disqualified for TANF assistance payments as a result of getting married. Source: http://billstatus.ls.state.ms.us/documents/
1999/html/SB/2800-2899/SB2834IN.htm
 
Missouri X 185 Expanded coverage through Medicaid 1115 waiver        
Montana X 133 Medicaid income disregard X      
Nebraska   185   X      
Nevada X 133   X      
New Hampshire   185          
New Jersey X 185 Covers parents through SCHIP. X Since 1992, the state has excluded a non-needy stepparent's income in computing the grant, provided the household income does not exceed 150% poverty. Source: Dennis Minkler/Frank Ceruto, ACF regional office.    
New Mexico X 185 Medicaid income disregard X      
New York X 185 Medicaid income disregard X      
North Carolina X 185   X      
North Dakota   133     Disregard the income of a stepparent in determining a household's eligibility for welfare for the first six months after the couple marries. Source: http://www.brook.edu/dybdocroot/
press/REVIEW/summer2001/horn.htm
   
Ohio X 185 Medicaid income disregard X      
Oklahoma   185 Medicaid income disregard   Disregard all income of the new spouse for 3-6 months. Source: Stoltzfus et al. (2000). State will combine the income of cohabiting, but unmarried, couples to determine a household's eligibility for welfare. Combining Cohabitors' income will likely decrease their benefits, thus discouraging cohabitation and presumably encouraging marriage. Source: http://www.brook.edu/dybdocroot/
press/REVIEW/summer2001/horn.htm
Training for state workers (e.g. public health nurses, social workers) to help them teach marriage skills courses at the community level. Courses not restricted to TANF recipients. Caseworkers encouraged to discuss/mention marriage with clients. Source: http://www.heritage.org/library/
backgrounder.bg1421.html; and Jerry Regier
 
Oregon X 170 Expanded coverage through Medicaid 1115 waiver; Medicaid income disregard; State provides coverage through state-only program (FHIAP)        
Pennsylvania   185 Medicaid income disregard        
Rhode Island X 250 Medicaid income disregard; covers parents through SCHIP; State provides coverage through state-only program X      
South Carolina X 185   X      
South Dakota X 133          
Tennessee   185 Expanded coverage through Medicaid 1115 waiver   Those who marry can continue to qualify for assistance and may either include or exclude the spouse from assistance group. If including the spouse in the group, his/her income is disregarded if it is below 185 percent of the need standard for the household. Source: Nancy Daugherty, Tennessee Dept. Of Human Services.   Holds harmless child support arrearage owed by a father who marries the mother of his children, as long as he continues to reside in the home. (Same holds true if a woman owing child support marries the father of her children. Source: http://www.welfarereformer.org/
states/tn-wvr.htm
Texas X 133   X      
Utah   133   X      
Vermont X 200 Expanded coverage through Medicaid 1115 waiver; Medicaid income disregard X     Law. If arrearages accrue after support rights have been assigned and the obligor and obligee subsequently reunite, the office of child support may not take any action to collect the support arrearages, unless the reunited family has a gross income equal to or greater than 225 percent of poverty, as defined by the United States Office of Health and Human Services. Source: Vermont Statutes : TITLE 33 Human Services : PART 3 Programs and Services for Children and Youth : CHAPTER 41. OFFICE OF CHILD SUPPORT : § 4106. Assignment of rights. (e)
Virginia X 133   X      
Washington X 185 Medicaid income disregard; State provides coverage through state-only program   Bill. HB5497 (1998-1999). Died in committee. Public assistance, benefit program to encourage recipients to marry. Provides that, if a recipient of public assistance marries and lives with and remains married to his or her spouse as a legally married couple for twelve months, the recipient shall receive a lump sum check at that time from the state for four times the monthly financial benefit level he or she would have received immediately following the marriage had he or she remained on public assistance. Source: http://www.leg.wa.gov/pub/billinfo/
1997-98/top_index_full_report.txt
   
West Virginia   150   X Adds a $100 marriage incentive payment to the monthly cash benefit of any family that includes a legally married man and woman who live together. Source: Stoltzfus et al., (2000)    
Wisconsin   185 Expanded coverage through Medicaid 1115 waiver; Coverage of parents through SCHIP; Medicaid income disregard X      
Wyoming   133 Medicaid income disregard X      
a/ Source: http://www.spdp.org./medicaid/table_7.htm; As of March 1, 2000, California waived the 100-hour and work history rules for any new applicant family with net earnings below 100 percent of the federal poverty level.
b/ Source: Kaiser Family Foundation Health Facts Online at http://www.statehealthfacts.kff.org; The minimum limit is 133% of the FPL or whatever level the state had in place in December 1989 (which ever is higher). This amount ranges from 133 to 185% FPL
c/ Source:  http://statecoverage.net/pdf/issuebrief500.pdf
d/ The Federal government requires states to disregard $90 in monthly income for applicants' work-related expenses; under Section 1931, states have the option to expand income disregards effectively increasing Medicaid eligibility. The states noted have income disregards above the mandated $90.
e/ Section 1115 of the Social Security Act gives HHS broad authority to waive provisions in the Medicaid statute (Title XIX). Those expansions noted here aim to expand eligibility.
f/ Source: http://www.spdp.org./tanf/categorical/2parent.pdf. Two-parent families are not subject to the work history or 100-hour rules. This enables two-parent and single-parent families to be treated the same. NOTE: Some states have more generous eligibility rules for TANF than for Medicaid (which explains why columns 1 and 5 do not match).
g/ Child support arrearages are forgiven if the non-custodial parent marries the custodial parent and the custodial parent was on public assistance. Note: this only reflects arrearage forgiveness upon remarriage; other states may forgive arrears for other reasons.