State Laws. Endnotes

09/25/2000

[38] Alabama Code, §13A-6-70

[39] Alabama Code, §13A-6-62

[40] Alabama Code, §13A-6-67

[41] Alabama Code, §13A-6-61

[42] Alabama Code, §13A-6-67

[43] Sexual contact is defined as: any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of a person not married to the actor, done for the purpose of gratifying the sexual desire of either party. Alabama Code, §13A-6-60.

[44] Alabama Code, §13A-6-66

[45] Alabama Code, §13A-6-62

[46] Sexual intercourse is defined as having its ordinary meaning and occurs upon any penetration, however slight; emission is not required. Alabama Code, §13A-6-60.

[47] Alabama Code, §13A-6-61

[48] Alabama Code, §26-14-3

[49] Alabama Code, §26-14-1

[50] Alabama Code, §26-14-3

[51] Alabama Code, §26-14-3

[52] Alabama Code, §26-14-7

[53] Alabama Code, §26-14-3

[54] Alaska Statutes, §11.41.436 and §11.41.438

[55] Alaska Statutes, §11.41.445

[56] Alaska Statutes, §11.41.436

[57] Alaska Statutes, §11.41.440

[58] Alaska Statutes, §11.41.440

[59] Alaska Statutes, §11.41.438

[60] Alaska Statutes, §11.41.436

[61] Alaska Statutes, §11.41.434

[62] Alaska Statutes, §11.41.445

[63] Alaska Statutes, §47.17.020

[64] Alaska Statutes, §47.17.290

[65] Alaska Statutes, §47.17.020

[66] Alaska Statutes, §47.17.020

[67] Alaska Statutes, §47.17.025

[68] Alaska Statutes, §47.17.020

[69] Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-1405

[70] Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-1405

[71] Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-1407

[72] Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-1404

[73] Sexual contact is defined as: any direct or indirect touching, fondling or manipulating of any part of the genitals, anus or female breast by any part of the body or by any object or causing a person to engage in such contact. Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-1401.

[74] Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-1410

[75] Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-1405

[76] Sexual intercourse is defined as: penetration into the penis, vulva or anus by any part of the body or by any object or masturbatory contact with the penis or vulva. Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-1401.

[77] Oral sexual contact is defined as: oral contact with the penis, vulva or anus. Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-1401.

[78] Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-3620

[79] Arizona Revised Statutes, §8-201

[80] Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-3620

[81] Clergy members are not required to make reports if the suspicion is based on information obtained in confidence as part of the clergy member’s religious duties.

[82] Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-3620

[83] Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-3620

[84] Arizona Revised Statutes, §13-3620

[85] If the sexual acts include “sexual contact” but not “sexual intercourse,” the defendant is only guilty if he or she is 4 or more years older than the victim. Arkansas Code, §5-14-103 and §5-14-103.

[86] Arkansas Code, §5-14-125

[87] Arkansas Code, §5-14-127

[88] Arkansas Code, §5-14-127

[89] Sexual intercourse is defined as: penetration, however slight, of the labia majora by a penis. Arkansas Code, §5-14-101.

[90] Deviate sexual activity is defined as: any act of sexual gratification involving the penetration, however slight, of the anus or mouth of one person by the penis of another person; or the penetration, however slight, of the labia majora or anus of one person by any body member or foreign instrument manipulated by another person. Arkansas Code, §5-14-101.

[91] Sexual contact is defined as: any act of sexual gratification involving the touching, directly or through clothing, of the sex organs, buttocks, or anus of a person or the breast of a female. Arkansas Code, §5-14-101.

[92] Arkansas Code, §5-14-126

[93] Arkansas Code, §5-14-125

[94] Arkansas Code, §5-14-103

[95] Marriage is not a defense to the crime of rape.

[96] Arkansas Code, §12-12-507

[97] Arkansas Code, §12-12-503

[98] Clergy members are not required to make reports if the suspicion is based on information obtained in confidence as part of the clergy member’s religious duties.

[99] Arkansas Code, §12-12-507

[100] Arkansas Code, §12-12-507

[101] Arkansas Code, §12-12-509

[102] Arkansas Code, §12-12-514

[103] California Penal Code, §261.5

[104] California Penal Code, §261.5

[105] The defendant is guilty of a misdemeanor if he or she is no more than 3 years older or 3 years younger than the victim. If the defendant is more than 3 years older than the victim the crime is treated as either a misdemeanor or a felony. There is also an increased penalty for those cases where the defendant is at least 21 years of age and the victim is less than 16 years of age.

[106] California Penal Code, §288a

[107] Oral copulation is defined as: the act of copulating the mouth of one person with the sexual organ or anus of another person. California Penal Code, §288a.

[108] The sentence for this crime, normally no more than one year in prison, increases to three to eight years if: the defendant is over 21 years of age and the victim is less than 16 years of age; or the victim is less than 14 years of age and the defendant is more than 10 years older than the victim.

[109] California Penal Code, §288

[110] California Penal Code, §289

[111] Sexual penetration is defined as: the act of causing the penetration, however slight, of the genital or anal opening of any person or causing another person to so penetrate the defendant's or another person's genital or anal opening for the purpose of sexual arousal, gratification, or abuse by any foreign object, substance, instrument, or device, or by any unknown object. California Penal Code, §289.

[112] California Penal Code, §11165.9 and §11166

[113] California Penal Code, §11165.6

[114] California Penal Code, §11165.1

[115] In People ex rel. Eichenberger v. Stockton Pregnancy Control Medial Clinic, Inc., 249 Cal. Rptr. 762 (1988), the court found that voluntary sexual conduct between minors under 14 years of age who are of a similar age is not a reportable offense if there are no additional factors that would indicate abuse. The court does not define what constitutes a sufficiently similar age.

[116] California Penal Code, §11166

[117] Planned Parenthood Affiliates v. Van De Kamp, 226 Cal. Rptr. 361 (1986); People ex rel. Eichenberger v. Stockton Pregnancy Control Medial Clinic, Inc., 249 Cal. Rptr. 762 (1988).

[118] Clergy members are not required to make reports based on information they obtain through penitential communication.

[119] California Penal Code, §11165.7

[120] California Penal Code, §11165.9 and §11166

[121] California Penal Code, §11166

[122] California Penal Code, §11166.3

[123] Colorado Statutes, §18-3-402

[124] Colorado Statutes, §18-3-402

[125] Sexual intrusion is defined as: any intrusion, however slight, by any object or any part of a person's body, except the mouth, tongue, or penis, into the genital or anal opening of another person's body if that sexual intrusion can reasonably be construed as being for the purposes of sexual arousal, gratification, or abuse. Colorado Statutes, §18-3-401.

[126] Sexual penetration is defined as: sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, analingus, or anal intercourse. Emission need not be proved as an element of any sexual penetration. Any penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete the crime. Colorado Statutes, §18-3-401.

[127] Colorado Statutes, §18-3-405

[128] Sexual contact is defined as: the knowing touching of the victim's intimate parts by the actor, or of the actor's intimate parts by the victim, or the knowing touching of the clothing covering the immediate area of the victim's or actor's intimate parts if that sexual contact is for the purposes of sexual arousal, gratification, or abuse. Colorado Statutes, §18-3-401.

[129] The definition of abuse includes unlawful sexual behavior. Colorado Statutes, §19-1-103.

[130] Colorado Statutes, §19-3-304

[131] Colorado Statutes, §16-22-102

[132] Clergy members are not required to make reports if the suspicion is based on information obtained in confidence as part of the clergy member’s religious duties.

[133] Colorado Statutes, §19-3-304

[134] Colorado Statutes, §19-3-307

[135] Colorado Statutes, §19-3-307

[136] Connecticut General Statutes, §53a-70 and §53a-71

[137] Connecticut General Statutes, §53a-73a

[138] Connecticut General Statutes, §53a-73a

[139] Sexual contact is defined as: any contact with the intimate parts of a person not married to the actor for the purpose of sexual gratification of the actor or for the purpose of degrading or humiliating such person or any contact of the intimate parts of the actor with a person not married to the actor for the purpose of sexual gratification of the actor or for the purpose of degrading or humiliating such person. Connecticut General Statutes, §53a-65.

[140] It is a defense to this charge that the defendant and victim were living together by mutual consent in a relationship of cohabitation, regardless of the legal status of the relationship. Connecticut General Statutes, §53a-67.

[141] Connecticut General Statutes, §53a-71

[142] Sexual intercourse is defined as: vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, fellatio or cunnilingus between persons regardless of sex. Its meaning is limited to persons not married to each other. Penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse or fellatio and does not require emission of semen. Penetration may be committed by an object manipulated by the actor into the genital or anal opening of the victim's body. Connecticut General Statutes, §53a-65.

[143] Connecticut General Statutes, §53a-70

[144] Connecticut General Statutes, §17a-101a

[145] Connecticut General Statutes, §46b-120

[146] Connecticut General Statutes, §17a-103a

[147] 2002 Conn. AG Lexis 33, September 30, 2002

[148] Connecticut General Statutes, §19a-216

[149] Connecticut General Statutes, §17a-101

[150] Connecticut General Statutes, §17a-101b

[151] Connecticut General Statutes, §17a-101c

[152] Connecticut General Statutes, §17a-101b

[153] Connecticut General Statutes, §17a-101g

[154] Connecticut General Statutes, §17a-105a

[155] Delaware Code, Title 11, § 770

[156] Delaware Code, Title 11, § 770

[157] Delaware Code, Title 11, § 768

[158] Sexual contact is defined as: any intentional touching by the defendant of the anus, breast, buttocks or genitalia of another person; or any intentional touching of another person with the defendant's anus, breast, buttocks or genitalia, which touching, under the circumstances as viewed by a reasonable person, is intended to be sexual in nature. Sexual contact shall also include touching when covered by clothing. Delaware Code, Title 11, § 761.

[159] Delaware Code, Title 11, § 770

[160] Sexual intercourse is defined as: any act of physical union of the genitalia or anus of 1 person with the mouth, anus or genitalia of another person. It occurs upon any penetration, however slight. Ejaculation is not required. This offense encompasses the crimes commonly known as rape and sodomy; or any act of cunnilingus or fellatio regardless of whether penetration occurs. Ejaculation is not required. Delaware Code, Title 11, § 761.

[161] Sexual penetration is defined as: the unlawful placement of an object (any item, device, instrument, substance or any part of the body, not including medical instruments used by a licensed medical doctor or nurse for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment) inside the anus or vagina of another person; or the unlawful placement of the genitalia or any sexual device inside the mouth of another person. Delaware Code, Title 11, § 761.

[162] Delaware Code, Title 11, § 771

[163] Delaware Code, Title 11, § 772

[164] Delaware Code, Title 11, § 773

[165] Delaware Code, Title 16, § 903

[166] Delaware Code, Title 16, § 902

[167] Delaware Code, Title 16, § 906

[168] Delaware Code, Title 16, § 903

[169] Delaware Code, Title 16, § 909

[170] Delaware Code, Title 16, § 904

[171] Delaware Code, Title 16, § 905 and 906

[172] District of Columbia Code, § 22-3008 and § 22-3009

[173] District of Columbia Code, § 22-3009

[174] Sexual contact is defined as: the touching with any clothed or unclothed body part or any object, either directly or through the clothing, of the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, inner thigh, or buttocks of any person with an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person. District of Columbia Code, § 22-3001.

[175] There are increased penalties for this offense if the victim was less than 12 years of age. District of Columbia Code, § 22-3020.

[176] District of Columbia Code, § 22-3008

[177] Sexual act is defined as: the penetration, however slight, of the anus or vulva of another by a penis; contact between the mouth and the penis, the mouth and the vulva, or the mouth and the anus; or the penetration, however slight, of the anus or vulva by a hand or finger or by any object, with an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person. The emission of semen is not required. District of Columbia Code, § 22-3001.

[178] There are increased penalties for this offense if the victim is less than 12 years of age. District of Columbia Code, § 22-3020.

[179] District of Columbia Code, § 22-3011

[180] District of Columbia Code, § 4-1321.02

[181] District of Columbia Code, § 16-2301

[182] District of Columbia Code, § 4-1321.02

[183] District of Columbia Code, § 4-1321.02

[184] District of Columbia Code, § 4-1321.03

[185] District of Columbia Code, § 4-1301.04

[186] District of Columbia Code, § 4-1301.06

[187] District of Columbia Code, § 4-1301.05

[188] District of Columbia Code, § 4-1301.51

[189] Florida Statutes, § 800.04

[190] Florida Statutes, § 794.05

[191] Florida Statutes, § 800.04

[192] Lewd or lascivious conduct is defined as: intentionally touching a person under 16 years of age in a lewd or lascivious manner; or soliciting a person under 16 years of age to commit a lewd or lascivious act. Florida Statutes, § 800.04.

[193] Florida Statutes, § 800.04

[194] Sexual activity is defined as: oral, anal, or vaginal penetration by, or union with, the sexual organ of another or the anal or vaginal penetration of another by any other object. Florida Statutes, § 800.04.

[195] Florida Statutes, § 794.05

[196] Florida Statutes, § 800.04

[197] Lewd or lascivious molestation is defined as: intentionally touching in a lewd or lascivious manner the breasts, genitals, genital area, or buttocks, or the clothing covering them, of a person less than 16 years of age, or forcing or enticing a person under 16 years of age to so touch the defendant. Florida Statutes, § 800.04.

[198] Normally a 2nd degree felony, this crime is a felony in the 1st degree if the victim is less than 12 years of age. Florida Statutes, § 800.04.

[199] Normally a 3rd degree felony, this crime is a felony in the 2nd degree if the victim is less than 12 years of age. Florida Statutes, § 800.04.

[200] Florida Statutes, § 827.04

[201] Florida Statutes, § 39.201

[202] Florida Statutes, § 39.201

[203] Florida Statutes, § 39.201

[204] Florida Statutes, § 39.201

[205] Florida Statutes, § 39.301

[206] Florida Statutes, § 39.201

[207] Georgia Code, § 16-6-3

[208] Georgia Code, § 16-6-4

[209] Georgia Code, § 16-6-3

[210] Statutory rape is considered a misdemeanor (as opposed to a felony) if the victim is 14 or 15 years of age and the defendant is no more than 3 years older.

[211] Georgia Code, § 16-6-1

[212] Carnal knowledge is defined as: any penetration of the female sex organ by the male sex organ. Georgia Code, § 16-6-1.

[213] Georgia Code, § 19-7-5

[214] Georgia Code, § 19-7-5

[215] Georgia Code, § 19-7-5

[216] Georgia Code, § 19-7-5

[217] Hawaii Revised Statutes, § 707-730

[218] Hawaii Revised Statutes, § 707-732

[219] Sexual contact is defined as: any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of a person not married to the actor, or of the sexual or other intimate parts of the actor by the person, whether directly or through the clothing or other material intended to cover the sexual or other intimate parts. Hawaii Revised Statutes, § 707-700.

[220] Hawaii Revised Statutes, § 707-730

[221] Sexual penetration is defined as: vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, fellatio, cunnilingus, analingus, deviate sexual intercourse, or any intrusion of any part of a person's body or of any object into the genital or anal opening of another person's body; it occurs upon any penetration, however slight, but emission is not required. Hawaii Revised Statutes, § 707-700.

[222] Hawaii Revised Statutes, § 350-1.1

[223] Hawaii Revised Statutes, § 350-1

[224] Hawaii Revised Statutes, § 350-1.1

[225] Hawaii Revised Statutes, § 350-1.1

[226] Hawaii Revised Statutes, § 350-2

[227] Idaho Code, § 18-6101

[228] Idaho Code, § 18-6107

[229] Idaho Code, § 18-1508A

[230] Idaho Code, § 18-1508A

[231] Lewd and lascivious acts include: genital-genital contact, oral-genital contact, anal-genital contact, oral-anal contact, manual-anal contact or manual-genital contact, whether between persons of the same or opposite sex. Idaho Code, § 18-1508A.

[232] Solicit is defined to include: any written, verbal or physical act which is intended to communicate to such minor child the desire of the actor or third party to participate in a sexual act or participate in sexual foreplay, by the means of sexual contact, photographing or observing such minor child engaged in sexual contact. Idaho Code, § 18-1508A.

[233] Sexual contact is defined as: any physical contact between such minor child and any person or between such minor children which is caused by the actor, or the actor causing such minor child to have self contact. Idaho Code, § 18-1508A.

[234] Idaho Code, § 18-1506

[235] Idaho Code, § 18-1508

[236] Idaho Code, § 18-6101

[237] Penetration, however slight, of the oral, anal or vaginal opening with the defendant's penis. Idaho Code, § 18-1601.

[238] The Supreme Court of Idaho found that this law, which applies only to female victims, does not violate equal protection laws. The Court’s opinion emphasizes the State interest in preventing unwanted pregnancy, noting that the law is an attempt “to protect women from sexual intercourse at an age when the physical, emotional and psychological consequences of sexual activity are particularly sever.” State v. LaMere, 103 Idaho 839, 655 P.2d 46 (1982). Also see State v. Greensweig, 103 Idaho 50, 644 P.2d 372 (Ct.App.1982).

[239] Idaho Code, § 16-1619

[240] Idaho Code, § 16-1602

[241] Idaho Code, § 16-1619

[242] Idaho Code, § 16-1619

[243] Idaho Code, § 16-1619

[244] 720 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/12-16

[245] 720 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/12-15

[246] 720 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/12-15

[247] Sexual penetration is defined as: any contact, however slight, between the sex organ or anus of one person by an object, the sex organ, mouth or anus of another person, or any intrusion, however slight, of any part of the body of one person or of any animal or object into the sex organ or anus of another person, including but not limited to cunnilingus, fellatio or anal penetration. Evidence of emission of semen is not required to prove sexual penetration. 720 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/12-12.

[248] Sexual conduct is defined as: any intentional or knowing touching or fondling by either party, either directly or through clothing, of the sex organs, anus or breast of either party, or any part of the body of a child under 13 years of age, or any transfer or transmission of semen by the defendant upon any part of the clothed or unclothed body of the victim, for the purpose of sexual gratification or arousal of either party. 720 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/12-12.

[249] 720 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/12-16

[250] 720 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/12-14

[251] 720 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/12-14.1

[252] This does not apply to “Predatory criminal assault of a child.” 720 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/12-18.

[253] 325 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/4

[254] 325 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/3

[255] Clergy must report abuse involving a sexual offense. However, they may claim privilege with respect to confessions made to them through their role as a spiritual advisor.

[256] 325 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/4

[257] 325 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/7.6

[258] 325 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/7

[259] 325 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/7

[260] 325 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/7.3

[261] 325 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/7.4

[262] 325 Illinois Compiled Statutes, § 5/7.12

[263] Indiana Code, § 35-42-4-3

[264] Indiana Code, § 35-42-4-9

[265] Indiana Code, § 35-42-4-9

[266] Normally a class C felony, this crime is a class B felony if the defendant is at least 21 years of age. Indiana Code, § 35-42-4-9.

[267] Normally a class D felony, this crime is a class C felony if the defendant is at least 21 years of age. Indiana Code, § 35-42-4-9.

[268] Indiana Code, § 35-42-4-3

[269] Normally a class B felony, this crime is a class A felony if the defendant is at least 21 years of age. Indiana Code, § 35-42-4-3.

[270] Indiana Code, § 31-33-5-1

[271] Indiana Code, § 31-34-1-3

[272] Child molestation (Indiana Code, § 35-42-4-3) is not a reportable offense unless it involved fondling or touching of the buttocks, genitals, or female breasts. Indiana Code, § 31-9-2-14.

[273] Indiana Code, § 31-33-5-1

[274] Indiana Code, § 31-33-5-4

[275] Indiana Code, § 31-33-7-4

[276] Indiana Code, § 31-33-7-5

[277] Indiana Code, § 31-33-7-7, § 31-33-8-2

[278] Iowa Code, § 709.3, § 709.4

[279] Iowa Code, § 709.4

[280] Iowa Code, § 709.12

[281] Indecent contact includes: fondling or touching the inner thigh, groin, buttock, anus, or breast of the victim; touching the clothing covering the immediate area of the inner thigh, groin, buttock, anus, or breast of the victim; or soliciting or permitting the victim to fondle or touch the inner thigh, groin, buttock, anus, or breast of the defendant. Iowa Code, § 709.12.

[282] Iowa Code, § 709.8

[283] Lascivious acts include: fondling or touching the pubes or genitals of the victim; permitting or causing the victim to fondle or touch the defendant’s genitals or pubes; or soliciting the victim to engage in a sex act or solicit a person to arrange a sex act with the victim. Iowa Code, § 709.8.

[284] Iowa Code, § 709.4

[285] Sex act is defined as any sexual contact between two or more persons by: penetration of the penis into the vagina or anus; contact between the mouth and genitalia or by contact between the genitalia of one person and the genitalia or anus of another person; contact between the finger or hand of one person and the genitalia or anus of another person; or by use of artificial sexual organs or substitutes therefore in contact with the genitalia or anus. Iowa Code, § 702.17.

[286] Sexual abuse is defined to include: any sex act between persons where one person is less than 14 years of age. Iowa Code, § 709.1.

[287] Iowa Code, § 232.69

[288] Iowa Code, § 232.68

[289] Iowa Code, § 232.69

[290] Iowa Code, § 232.69

[291] Iowa Code, § 232.69

[292] Iowa Code, § 232.70

[293] Iowa Code, § 232.70

[294] Kansas Statutes, § 21-3502 and § 21-3504

[295] Kansas Statutes, § 21-3522

[296] Sexual intercourse is defined as: any penetration of the female sex organ by a finger, and the male sex organ or any object. Any penetration, however slight, is sufficient to constitute sexual intercourse. Kansas Statutes, § 21-3501.

[297] Sodomy is defined as: oral contact or oral penetration of the female genitalia or oral contact of the male genitalia; anal penetration, however slight, of a male or female by any body part or object; or oral or anal copulation or sexual intercourse between a person and an animal. Kansas Statutes, § 21-3501.

[298] This severity level of this crime is dependent on the nature of the sexual relations; sexual intercourse is most severe of the three (level 8), followed by sodomy (level 9) and lewd fondling or touching (level 10).

[299] Kansas Statutes, § 21-3503

[300] Kansas Statutes, § 21-3504

[301] Kansas Statutes, § 21-3502

[302] This does not apply to the crime of unlawful voluntary sexual relations.

[303] Kansas Statutes, § 38-1522

[304] Kansas Statutes, § 38-1502

[305] Kansas Statutes, § 38-1522

[306] Kansas Statutes, § 38-1522

[307] Kansas Statutes, § 38-1523

[308] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.020

[309] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.050

[310] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.060

[311] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.140

[312] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.130

[313] Sexual contact is defined as: any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of a person done for the purpose of gratifying the sexual desire of either party. Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.010.

[314] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.140

[315] Sexual intercourse is defined as: its ordinary sense and includes penetration of the sex organs of one person by a foreign object manipulated by another person. Sexual intercourse occurs upon any penetration, however slight; emission is not required. Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.010.

[316] Deviate sexual intercourse is defined as: any act of sexual gratification involving the sex organs of one person and the mouth or anus of another; or penetration of the anus of one person by a foreign object manipulated by another person. Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.010.

[317] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.120

[318] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.110

[319] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.060

[320] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.050

[321] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.040

[322] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 510.035

[323] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 620.030

[324] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 600.020

[325] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 620.030

[326] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 620.050

[327] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 620.030

[328] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 620.040

[329] Kentucky Revised Statutes, § 431.600

[330] Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 14-80

[331] Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 14-42 and § 14-80.1

[332] Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 14-80.1

[333] Sexual intercourse includes: anal, oral, or vaginal sexual intercourse. Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 14-80.1.

[334] Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 14-81

[335] Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 14-80

[336] Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 14-43.1

[337] Sexual battery includes: touching of the anus or genitals of the victim by the offender using any instrumentality or any part of the body of the offender; or touching of the anus or genitals of the offender by the victim using any instrumentality or any part of the body of the victim. Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 14-43.1.

[338] Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 14-43.3

[339] Oral sexual battery includes: touching of the anus or genitals of the victim by the offender using the mouth or tongue of the offender; or touching of the anus or genitals of the offender by the victim using the mouth or tongue of the victim. Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 14-43.3.

[340] Louisiana Revised Statutes, § 14-42

[341] Louisiana Children’s Code, Article 609

[342] Louisiana Children’s Code, Article 603

[343] Clergy members are not required to make reports if the suspicion is based on information obtained in confidence as part of the clergy member’s religious duties.

[344] Louisiana Children’s Code, Article 603

[345] Louisiana Children’s Code, Article 610

[346] Louisiana Children’s Code, Article 508

[347] Louisiana Children’s Code, Article 512

[348] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 254

[349] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 254

[350] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 254

[351] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 255-A

[352] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 260

[353] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 253

[354] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 254

[355] Sexual act is defined to include: any act between 2 persons involving direct physical contact between the genitals of one and the mouth or anus of the other, or direct physical contact between the genitals of one and the genitals of the other; or any act involving direct physical contact between the genitals or anus of one and an instrument or device manipulated by another person when that act is done for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire or for the purpose of causing bodily injury or offensive physical contact. Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 251.

[356] Sexual contact is defined as: any touching of the genitals or anus, directly or through clothing, other than as would constitute a sexual act, for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire or for the purpose of causing bodily injury or offensive physical contact. Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 251.

[357] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 260

[358] Sexual touching is defined as: any touching of the breasts, buttocks, groin or inner thigh, directly or through clothing, for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire. Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 251.

[359] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 255-A

[360] Normally a Class C crime, this crime is a Class B crime if the sexual contact includes penetration. Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 255-A.

[361] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 17-A, § 253

[362] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 22, § 4011-A

[363] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 22, § 4002

[364] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 22, § 4011-A

[365] Except for information received during confidential communications.

[366] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 22, § 4011-A

[367] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 22, § 4011-A

[368] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 22, § 4012

[369] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 22, § 4004

[370] Maine Revised Statutes, Title 22, § 4011-A

[371] Maryland Code, Criminal Law, § 3-308

[372] Maryland Code, Criminal Law, § 3-304, § 3-306, § 3-308

[373] Maryland Code, Criminal Law, § 3-308

[374] Sexual act includes any of the following: analingus; cunnilingus; fellatio; anal intercourse, including penetration, however slight, of the anus; or an act in which an object penetrates, however slightly, into another individual's genital opening or anus that can reasonably be construed to be for sexual arousal or gratification, or for the abuse of either party. Maryland Code, Criminal Law, § 3-301.

[375] Maryland Code, Criminal Law, § 3-307

[376] Sexual contact is defined as: an intentional touching of the victim's or actor's genital, anal, or other intimate area for sexual arousal or gratification, or for the abuse of either party, including an act in which a part of an individual's body, except the penis, mouth, or tongue, penetrates, however slightly, into another individual's genital opening or anus. Maryland Code, Criminal Law, § 3-301.

[377] Maryland Code, Criminal Law, § 3-306

[378] Maryland Code, Criminal Law, § 3-304

[379] Maryland Code, Family Law, § 5-704, § 5-705

[380] Maryland Code, Family Law, § 5-701

[381] Maryland Code, Family Law, § 5-704, § 5-705

[382] Maryland Code, Family Law, § 5-704

[383] Maryland Code, Family Law, § 5-705

[384] Maryland Code, Family Law, § 5-704

[385] Maryland Code, Family Law, § 5-706

[386] Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 265, § 23

[387] Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 265, § 23

[388] Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 119, § 51A

[389] Clergy members are not required to make reports if the suspicion is based on information obtained in confidence as part of the clergy member’s religious duties.

[390] Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 119, § 51A

[391] Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 119, § 51A

[392] Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 119, § 51B

[393] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 750.520d

[394] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 750.520e

[395] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 750.520e

[396] Sexual contact is defined as: the intentional touching of the victim's or actor's intimate parts (the primary genital area, groin, inner thigh, buttock, or breast of a human being) or the intentional touching of the clothing covering the immediate area of the victim's or actor's intimate parts, if that intentional touching can reasonably be construed as being for the purpose of sexual arousal or gratification or done for a sexual purpose. Michigan Compiled Laws, § 750.520a.

[397] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 750.520d

[398] Sexual penetration is defined as: sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, anal intercourse, or any other intrusion, however slight, of any part of a person's body or of any object into the genital or anal openings of another person's body, but emission of semen is not required. Michigan Compiled Laws, § 750.520a.

[399] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 750.520c

[400] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 750.520b

[401] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 722.623

[402] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 722.622

[403] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 722.623

[404] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 722.623

[405] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 722.631

[406] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 722.623

[407] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 722.628

[408] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 722.628b

[409] Michigan Compiled Laws, § 722.628

[410] Minnesota Statutes, § 609.342

[411] Minnesota Statutes, § 609.344

[412] Minnesota Statutes, § 609.345

[413] Sexual contact is defined as: the intentional touching by the defendant of the victim’s intimate parts or the touching of the clothing covering the immediate area of the intimate parts. Minnesota Statutes, § 609.341.

[414] Minnesota Statutes, § 609.344

[415] Sexual penetration is defined to include any of the following whether or not emission of semen occurs: sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, or anal intercourse; or any intrusion however slight into the genital or anal openings. Minnesota Statutes, § 609.341.

[416] Minnesota Statutes, § 609.343

[417] Minnesota Statutes, § 609.342

[418] Minnesota Statutes, § 626.556

[419] Minnesota Statutes, § 626.556

[420] Minnesota Statutes, § 626.556

[421] Minnesota Statutes, § 626.556

[422] Mississippi Code, § 97-3-65

[423] Mississippi Code, § 97-5-23

[424] Mississippi Code, § 97-3-95

[425] Sexual penetration is defined to include: cunnilingus, fellatio, buggery or pederasty, and penetration of the genital or anal openings of another person’s body by any part of a person’s body, and insertion of any object into the genital or anal openings of another person’s body. Mississippi Code, § 97-3-97.

[426] Mississippi Code, § 97-3-65

[427] Sexual intercourse is defined as: a joining of the sexual organs of a male and female human being in which the penis of the male is inserted into the vagina of the female. Mississippi Code, § 97-3-65.

[428] Mississippi Code, § 43-21-353

[429] Mississippi Code, § 43-21-105

[430] Mississippi Code, § 43-21-353

[431] Mississippi Code, § 43-21-353

[432] Mississippi Code, § 43-21-353

[433] Mississippi Code, § 43-21-357

[434] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.032

[435] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.034

[436] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.068

[437] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.068

[438] Sexual contact is defined as: any touching of another person with the genitals or any touching of the genitals or anus of another person, or the breast of a female person, or such touching through the clothing, for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire of any person. Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.010.

[439] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.064

[440] Deviate sexual intercourse is defined as: any act involving the genitals of one person and the hand, mouth, tongue, or anus of another person or a sexual act involving the penetration, however slight, of the male or female sex organ or the anus by a finger, instrument or object done for the purpose of arousing or gratifying the sexual desire of any person. Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.010.

[441] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.034

[442] Sexual intercourse is defined as: any penetration, however slight, of the female sex organ by the male sex organ, whether or not an emission results. Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.010.

[443] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.067

[444] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.062

[445] The statute requires an increased prison sentence in cases where the victim is less than 12 years of age.

[446] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.032

[447] The statute requires an increased prison sentence in cases where the victim is less than 12 years of age.

[448] The exception does not apply to 1st degree child molestation. Missouri Revised Statutes, § 566.023.

[449] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 210.115

[450] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 210.110

[451] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 210.115

[452] Clergy members are not required to report suspected abuse if they learned of it through privileged communication made to them in their professional capacity. Missouri Revised Statutes, § 352.400

[453] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 210.115

[454] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 210.130

[455] Missouri Revised Statutes, § 210.145

[456] Montana Code Annotated, § 45-5-501

[457] Montana Code Annotated, § 45-5-503

[458] The penalty for this crime increases if the defendant is 3 or more years older than the victim.

[459] Montana Code Annotated, § 45-5-502

[460] Montana Code Annotated, § 41-3-201

[461] Montana Code Annotated, § 41-3-102

[462] The section of the law defining child abuse also includes a definition of sexual abuse. This definition includes specific reference to the crimes listed in the previous section. However, the reporting requirements make no mention of the responsibility of mandated reporters to notify authorities of sexual abuse.

[463] Clergy members are not required to make reports if the suspicion is based on information obtained in confidence as part of the their religious duties.

[464] Montana Code Annotated, § 41-3-201

[465] Montana Code Annotated, § 41-3-201

[466] Montana Code Annotated, § 41-3-202

[467] Nebraska Statutes Annotated, § 28-319

[468] Nebraska Statutes Annotated, § 28-805

[469] Nebraska Statutes Annotated, § 28-320.01

[470] Sexual contact is defined as: the intentional touching of the victim's sexual or intimate parts or the intentional touching of the victim's clothing covering the immediate area of the victim's sexual or intimate parts. Sexual contact shall also mean the touching by the victim of the defendant’s sexual or intimate parts or the clothing covering the immediate area of the defendant’s sexual or intimate parts when such touching is intentionally caused by the defendant. Sexual contact shall include only such conduct which can be reasonably construed as being for the purpose of sexual arousal or gratification of either party. Nebraska Statutes Annotated, § 28-318.

[471] Nebraska Statutes Annotated, § 28-319

[472] Sexual penetration is defined as: sexual intercourse in its ordinary meaning, cunnilingus, fellatio, anal intercourse, or any intrusion, however slight, of any part of the defendant’s or victim's body or any object manipulated by the defendant into the genital or anal openings of the victim's body which can be reasonably construed as being for nonmedical or nonhealth purposes. Sexual penetration shall not require emission of semen. Nebraska Statutes Annotated, § 28-318.

[473] Nebraska Statutes Annotated, § 28-711

[474] Nebraska Statutes Annotated, § 28-710

[475] Nebraska Statutes Annotated, § 28-711

[476] Nebraska Statutes Annotated, § 28-711

[477] Nebraska Statutes Annotated, § 28-713

[478] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 200.364

[479] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 201.230

[480] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 200.364, § 200.368

[481] Statutory sexual seduction includes: ordinary sexual intercourse, anal intercourse, cunnilingus, or fellatio; or any other sexual penetration with the intent of arousing, appealing to, or gratifying the lust or passions or sexual desires of either of the persons. Nevada Revised Statutes, § 200.364.

[482] If the defendant is less than 21 years of age, the crime is a gross misdemeanor. If the defendant is 21 years of age or older, he or she is guilt of a category C felony. Nevada Revised Statutes, § 200.368.

[483] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 432B.220

[484] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 432B.100

[485] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 432B.020

[486] Clergy members who learned of the abuse through confession are exempted from the reporting requirements.

[487] Attorneys are not required to report if they learned of the abuse from a client who may be accused of the crime.

[488] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 432B.220

[489] In a county with a population of less than 100,000, an “agency which provides child welfare services” refers to the local office of the Division of Child and Family Services. In a county with a population of 100,000 or more, the statute defines an “agency which provides child welfare services” as the agency of the county which provides or arranges for necessary child welfare services. Nevada Revised Statutes, § 432B.030.

[490] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 432B.220

[491] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 432B.200

[492] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 432B.230

[493] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 432B.230

[494] Nevada Revised Statutes, § 432B.260

[495] New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 632-A:3

[496] New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 632-A:3

[497] Sexual penetration is defined as: sexual intercourse; cunnilingus; fellatio; anal intercourse; any intrusion, however slight, of any part of the actor's body or any object manipulated by the defendant into genital or anal openings of the victim's body; or any intrusion, however slight, of any part of the victim's body into genital or anal openings of the defendant’s body. Emission is not required as an element of any form of sexual penetration. New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 632-A:1.

[498] Sexual contact is defined as: the intentional touching whether directly, through clothing, or otherwise, of the victim's or defendant’s sexual or intimate parts, including breasts and buttocks. Sexual contact includes only that aforementioned conduct which can be reasonably construed as being for the purpose of sexual arousal or gratification. New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 632-A:1.

[499] New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 632-A:2

[500] New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 169-C:29

[501] New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 169-C:3

[502] New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 169-C:29

[503] New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 169-C:30

[504] New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 169-C:34

[505] New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 169-C:38

[506] New Hampshire Revised Statutes, § 169-C:30-a

[507] New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 2C:14-2

[508] New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 2C:14-3

[509] Sexual contact is defined as: intentional touching by the victim or defendant, either directly or through clothing, of the victim's or defendant’s intimate parts for the purpose of degrading or humiliating the victim or sexually arousing or sexually gratifying the defendant. Sexual contact of the defendant with himself must be in view of the victim whom the defendant knows to be present. New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 2C:14-1.

[510] New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 2C:14-2

[511] Sexual penetration is defined as: vaginal intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio or anal intercourse between persons or insertion of the hand, finger or object into the anus or vagina either by the defendant or upon the defendant’s instruction. The depth of insertion shall not be relevant as to the question of commission of the crime. New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 2C:14-1.

[512] New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 2C:14-2

[513] New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 9:6-8.10

[514] New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 9:6-8.84

[515] New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 9:6-8.10

[516] New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 9:6-8.10

[517] New Jersey Permanent Statutes, § 9:6-8.11

[518] New Mexico Statutes Annotated, § 30-9-11

[519] New Mexico Statutes Annotated, § 30-9-13

[520] Criminal sexual contact is defined as: unlawful and intentional touching of or applying force to the intimate parts of a minor or the unlawful and intentional causing of a minor to touch one's intimate parts (i.e., primary genital area, groin, buttocks, anus or breast). New Mexico Statutes Annotated, § 30-9-13.

[521] New Mexico Statutes Annotated, § 30-9-11

[522] Criminal sexual penetration is defined as: the unlawful and intentional causing of a person to engage in sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio or anal intercourse or the causing of penetration, to any extent and with any object, of the genital or anal openings of another, whether or not there is any emission. New Mexico Statutes Annotated, § 30-9-11.

[523] New Mexico Statutes Annotated, § 30-9-11

[524] New Mexico Statutes Annotated, § 32A-4-3

[525] New Mexico Statutes Annotated, § 32A-4-2

[526] Clergy members are not required to make reports if the suspicion is based on information obtained in confidence as part of the their religious duties.

[527] New Mexico Statutes Annotated, § 32A-4-3

[528] New Mexico Statutes Annotated, § 32A-4-3

[529] New Mexico Statutes Annotated, § 32A-4-3

[530] New York Penal Law, § 130.05

[531] New York Penal Law, § 130.25

[532] New York Penal Law, § 130.30 and § 130.35

[533] New York Penal Law, § 130.20

[534] New York Penal Law, § 130.55

[535] Sexual contact is defined as: any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of a person, whether directly or through clothing, for the purpose of gratifying sexual desire of either party. New York Penal Law, § 130.00.

[536] New York Penal Law, § 130.60

[537] New York Penal Law, § 130.20

[538] Sexual intercourse is defined to have its ordinary meaning and occurs upon any penetration, however slight. New York Penal Law, § 130.00.

[539] Oral sexual conduct is defined as: conduct between persons consisting of contact between the mouth and the penis, the mouth and the anus, or the mouth and the vulva or vagina. New York Penal Law, § 130.00.

[540] Anal sexual conduct is defined as: conduct between persons consisting of contact between the penis and anus. New York Penal Law, § 130.00.

[541] New York Penal Law, § 130.25

[542] New York Penal Law, § 130.40

[543] New York Penal Law, § 130.65

[544] New York Penal Law, § 130.30

[545] New York Penal Law, § 130.45

[546] New York Penal Law, § 130.35

[547] New York Penal Law, § 130.50

[548] New York Penal Law, § 130.10

[549] New York Social Services Law, § 413

[550] New York Family Court Law, § 1012

[551] New York Social Services Law, § 413

[552] New York Social Services Law, § 422

[553] New York Social Services Law, § 415

[554] New York Social Services Law, § 415

[555] New York Social Services Law, § 422

[556] North Carolina General Statutes, § 14-27.7 A

[557] North Carolina General Statutes, § 14-27.7 A

[558] North Carolina General Statutes, § 14-27.4

[559] North Carolina General Statutes, § 14-202.2

[560] North Carolina General Statutes, § 14-202.1

[561] North Carolina General Statutes, § 14-27.7 A

[562] Sexual act is defined as: cunnilingus, fellatio, analingus, or anal intercourse, but does not include vaginal intercourse. Sexual act also means the penetration, however slight, by any object into the genital or anal opening of another person's body: provided, that it shall be an affirmative defense that the penetration was for accepted medical purposes. North Carolina General Statutes, § 14-27.1.

[563] Normally a Class C felony, this crime become a Class B1 felony if the defendant is at least 6 years older than the victim.

[564] North Carolina General Statutes, § 14-27.4

[565] North Carolina General Statutes, § 14-27.2

[566] North Carolina General Statutes, § 7B-301

[567] North Carolina General Statutes, § 7B-101

[568] North Carolina General Statutes, § 7B-301

[569] North Carolina General Statutes, § 7B-301

[570] North Carolina General Statutes, § 7B-302

[571] North Carolina General Statutes, § 7B-307

[572] North Dakota Century Code, § 12.1-20-03

[573] North Dakota Century Code, § 12.1-20-05

[574] North Dakota Century Code, § 12.1-20-05

[575] Sexual act is defined as: sexual contact between human beings consisting of contact between the penis and the vulva, the penis and the anus, the mouth and the penis, the mouth and the vulva, or any other portion of the human body and the penis, anus, or vulva; or the use of an object which comes in contact with the victim's anus, vulva, or penis. Sexual contact between the penis and the vulva, the penis and the anus, any other portion of the human body and the anus or vulva, or an object and the anus, vulva, or penis of the victim, occurs upon penetration, however slight. Emission is not required. North Dakota Century Code, § 12.1-20-02.

[576] Normally a class A misdemeanor, this crime becomes a class C felony if the defendant is at least 22 years of age and engages in or causes another to engage in the sexual act under consideration.

[577] North Dakota Century Code, § 12.1-20-07

[578] Sexual contact is defined as: any touching, whether or not through the clothing or other covering, of the sexual or other intimate parts of the person, or the penile ejaculation or ejaculate or emission of urine or feces upon any part of the person, for the purpose of arousing or satisfying sexual or aggressive desires. North Dakota Century Code, § 12.1-20-02.

[579] This crime is a class A misdemeanor if the defendant is less than 22 years of age. If the defendant is at least 22 years of age, the offense becomes a class C felony.

[580] North Dakota Century Code, § 12.1-20-03

[581] This crime is a class A felony if it involves a sexual act and a class B felony if it involves sexual contact.

[582] North Dakota Century Code, § 50-25.1-03

[583] North Dakota Century Code, § 50-25.1-02

[584] Clergy members are not required to make reports if the suspicion is based on information obtained through his or her capacity as a spiritual adviser.

[585] North Dakota Century Code, § 50-25.1-03

[586] North Dakota Century Code, § 50-25.1-04

[587] North Dakota Century Code, § 50-25.1-05

[588] North Dakota Century Code, § 50-25.1-05.3

[589] Ohio Revised Code, § 2907.02

[590] The statute applies to cases where the defendant is at least 18 years of age when the offender knows the victim person is thirteen years of age or older but less than sixteen years of age, or the offender is reckless in that regard. Ohio Revised Code, § 2907.04.

[591] Ohio Revised Code, § 2907.07

[592] Sexual activity includes sexual conduct or sexual contact. Ohio Revised Code, § 2907.01.

[593] Sexual conduct is defined as: vaginal intercourse between a male and female; anal intercourse, fellatio, and cunnilingus between persons regardless of sex; and, without privilege to do so, the insertion, however slight, of any part of the body or any instrument, apparatus, or other object into the vaginal or anal cavity of another. Penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete vaginal or anal intercourse. Ohio Revised Code, § 2907.01.

[594] Ohio Revised Code, § 2907.05

[595] Sexual contact is defined as: any touching of an erogenous zone of another, including without limitation the thigh, genitals, buttock, pubic region, or, if the person is a female, a breast, for the purpose of sexually arousing or gratifying either person. Ohio Revised Code, § 2907.01.

[596] Ohio Revised Code, § 2907.04

[597] Normally a 4th degree felony, this crime becomes a 3rd degree felony if the defendant is 10 or more years older than the victim; the crime is considered a misdemeanor if the defendant is less than 4 years older than the victim.

[598] Ohio Revised Code, § 2907.02

[599] Ohio Revised Code, § 2151.421

[600] Ohio Revised Code, § 2151.031

[601] Ohio Revised Code, § 2151.421

[602] Ohio Revised Code, § 2151.421

[603] Ohio Revised Code, § 2151.421

[604] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 21, § 45-1111 and § 45-1112

[605] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 21, § 45-1123

[606] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 21, § 45-1114

[607] Rape is defined as: an act of sexual intercourse involving vaginal or anal penetration accomplished with a male or female who is not the spouse of the defendant and who may be of the same or the opposite sex as the defendant. Oklahoma Statutes, Title 21, § 45-1111.

[608] Rape by instrumentation is defined as: an act in which any inanimate object or any part of the human body, not amounting to sexual intercourse is used in the carnal knowledge of another person and penetration of the anus or vagina occurs to that person. Oklahoma Statutes, Title 21, § 45-1111.1.

[609] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 21, § 45-1114

[610] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 10, § 7103

[611] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 10, § 7102

[612] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 10, § 7104

[613] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 10, § 7104

[614] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 10, § 7103

[615] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 10, § 7104

[616] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 10, § 7103

[617] Oklahoma Statutes, Title 10, § 7003-1.1

[618] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.315

[619] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.345

[620] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.445

[621] Sexual intercourse has its ordinary meaning and occurs upon any penetration, however slight; emission is not required. Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.305.

[622] Deviate sexual intercourse is defined as: sexual conduct between persons consisting of contact between the sex organs of one person and the mouth or anus of another. Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.305.

[623] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.435

[624] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.415

[625] Sexual contact is defined as: any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of a person or causing such person to touch the sexual or other intimate parts of the defendant for the purpose of arousing or gratifying the sexual desire of either party. Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.305.

[626] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.355

[627] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.427

[628] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.365

[629] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.408

[630] Unlawful sexual penetration is as the: penetration of the victim’s vagina, anus, or penis with any object other than the penis or mouth of the defendant. Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.408.

[631] The 3 year age differential only applies in those cases where the penetrating object was the defendant’s hand or other body part.

[632] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.375

[633] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 163.411

[634] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 419B.010

[635] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 419B.005

[636] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 419B.005

[637] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 419B.010

[638] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 419B.015

[639] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 419B.015

[640] Oregon Revised Statutes, § 419B.020

[641] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 18, § 3121

[642] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 18, § 3122.1

[643] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 18, § 3126

[644] Indecent contact is defined as: any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of the person for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire, in either person. Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 18, § 3101.

[645] This offense is a misdemeanor of the first degree. If the victim is at least 13 years of age it is a misdemeanor of the second degree.

[646] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 18, § 3125

[647] Aggravated indecent assault is defined as: penetration, however slight, of the genitals or anus of a victim with a part of the defendant’s body for any purpose other than good faith medical, hygienic or law enforcement procedures. Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 18, § 3125.

[648] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 18, § 3122.1

[649] Sexual intercourse, in addition to its ordinary meaning, includes intercourse per os or per anus, with some penetration however slight; emission is not required. Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 18, § 3101.

[650] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 18, § 3123

[651] Deviate sexual intercourse is defined as: Sexual intercourse per os or per anus between human beings and any form of sexual intercourse with an animal. The term also includes penetration, however slight, of the genitals or anus of another person with a foreign object for any purpose other than good faith medical, hygienic or law enforcement procedures. Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 18, § 3101.

[652] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 18, § 3121

[653] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 23, § 6311

[654] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 23, § 6303

[655] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 23, § 6311

[656] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 23, § 6332

[657] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 23, § 6313

[658] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 23, § 6334

[659] Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 23, § 6346

[660] Rhode Island General Laws, § 11-37-6

[661] Rhode Island General Laws, § 11-37-8.1, § 11-37-8.3

[662] Rhode Island General Laws, § 11-37-6

[663] Sexual penetration is defined as: sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, and anal intercourse, or any other intrusion, however slight, by any part of a person's body or by any object into the genital or anal openings of another person's body, or the victim's own body upon the defendant’s instruction, but emission of semen is not required. Rhode Island General Laws, § 11-37-1.

[664] Rhode Island General Laws, § 11-37-8.3

[665] Sexual contact is defined as: intentional touching of the victim's or defendant’s intimate parts, clothed or unclothed, if that intentional touching can be reasonably construed as intended by the defendant to be for the purpose of sexual arousal, gratification, or assault. Rhode Island General Laws, § 11-37-1.

[666] Rhode Island General Laws, § 11-37-8.1

[667] Rhode Island General Laws, § 40-11-3

[668] Rhode Island General Laws, § 40-11-2

[669] Rhode Island General Laws, § 40-11-3

[670] Rhode Island General Laws, § 40-11-6

[671] Rhode Island General Laws, § 40-11-3

[672] Rhode Island General Laws, § 40-11-3

[673] Rhode Island General Laws, § 40-11-6

[674] Rhode Island General Laws, § 40-11-3

[675] Rhode Island General Laws, § 40-11-7

[676] Rhode Island General Laws, § 40-11-9

[677] South Carolina Code, § 16-3-655

[678] South Carolina Code, § 16-15-140

[679] South Carolina Code, § 16-3-655

[680] Sexual battery is defined as: sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, anal intercourse, or any intrusion, however slight, of any part of a person's body or of any object into the genital or anal openings of another person's body, except when such intrusion is accomplished for medically recognized treatment or diagnostic purposes. South Carolina Code, § 16-3-651.

[681] South Carolina Code, § 16-3-655

[682] South Carolina Code, § 16-3-658

[683] South Carolina Code, § 20-7-510

[684] South Carolina Code, § 20-7-490

[685] South Carolina Code, § 20-7-510

[686] South Carolina Code, § 20-7-510

[687] South Carolina Code, § 20-7-550

[688] South Carolina Code, § 20-7-510

[689] South Carolina Code, § 20-7-510

[690] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 22-22-1

[691] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 22-22-7 and § 22-22-7.3

[692] In State v. Darby, 556 N.W.2d 311, 127 (SD 1996), the South Dakota Supreme Court ruled that these two offenses can be mutually exclusive, “each requiring proof of an additional fact that the other does not.” Similarly, in State v. Brammer, 304 N.W.2d 111, 254 (SD 1981), the court found that sexual contact is a distinct offense from rape, asserting that the legislative intent of the sexual contact law was not to apply to touching incidental to rape. Also see: King v. Solem, 383 N.W.2d 852, 379 (SD 1986); State v. Bachman, 446 N.W.2d 271, 157 (SD 1989).

[693] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 22-22-7 and § 22-22-7.3

[694] Sexual contact is defined as: any touching, not amounting to rape, of the breasts of a female or the genitalia or anus of any person with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of either party. South Dakota Codified Laws, § 22-22-7.1.

[695] Normally a Class 3 felony, this crime is treated as a Class 1 misdemeanor if the defendant is under 16 years of age or less than 3 years older than the victim.

[696] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 22-22-1

[697] Sexual penetration is defined as: an act, however slight, of sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, anal intercourse, or any intrusion, however slight, of any part of the body or of any object into the genital or anal openings of another person’s body. South Dakota Codified Laws, § 22-22-2.

[698] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 22-22-1

[699] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 22-22-30.1

[700] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 26-8A-3

[701] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 26-8A-2

[702] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 26-8A-3

[703] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 26-8A-8

[704] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 26-8A-8

[705] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 26-8A-10

[706] South Dakota Codified Laws, § 26-8A-9

[707] Tennessee Code, § 39-13-522

[708] Tennessee Code, § 39-13-506

[709] Tennessee Code, § 39-13-506

[710] Sexual penetration is defined as: sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, anal intercourse, or any other intrusion, however slight, of any part of a person's body or of any object into the genital or anal openings of the victim's, the defendant's, or any other person's body, but emission of semen is not required. Tennessee Code, § 39-13-501.

[711] Defendants less than 18 years of age who are charged with statutory rape must be tried as juveniles.

[712] Tennessee Code, § 39-13-504

[713] Sexual contact is defined as: intentional touching of the victim's, the defendant's, or any other person's intimate parts (primary genital area, groin, inner thigh, buttock, or breast), or the intentional touching of the clothing covering the immediate area of the victim's, the defendant's, or any other person's intimate parts, if that intentional touching can be reasonably construed as being for the purpose of sexual arousal or gratification. Tennessee Code, § 39-13-501.

[714] Tennessee Code, § 39-13-522

[715] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-605

[716] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-602

[717] These acts include: any penetration, however slight, of the vagina or anal opening of one person by the penis of another person, whether or not there is the emission of semen; any contact between the genitals or anal opening of one person and the mouth or tongue of another person; any intrusion by one person into the genitals or anal opening of another person, including the use of any object for this purpose, except that it shall not include acts intended for a valid medical purpose; The intentional touching of the genitals or intimate parts, including the breasts, genital area, groin, inner thighs, and buttocks, or the clothing covering them, of either the child or the defendant. Tennessee Code, § 37-1-602,

[718] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-403

[719] Tennessee Code, § 38-1-302

[720] Tennessee Code, § 38-1-305

[721] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-605

[722] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-605

[723] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-403

[724] Tennessee Code, § 38-1-305

[725] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-606

[726] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-405

[727] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-605

[728] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-403

[729] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-607

[730] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-606

[731] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-607

[732] Tennessee Code, § 37-1-406

[733] Texas Penal Code, § 22.021

[734] Texas Penal Code, § 22.011

[735] Texas Penal Code, § 21.11

[736] Sexual contact includes the following acts, if committed with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of either party: any touching by a person, including touching through clothing, of the anus, breast, or any part of the genitals of a child; or any touching of any part of the body of a child, including touching through clothing, with the anus, breast, or any part of the genitals of a person. Texas Penal Code, § 21.11.

[737] Normally a second degree felony, this crime is reduced to a third degree felony if—with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of either party—the defendant exposes his or her anus or any part of the his or her genitals, knowing the victim is present; or causes the victim expose themselves in a similar manner.

[738] Texas Penal Code, § 22.011

[739] Sexual assault is defined as intentionally or knowingly: causing the penetration of the anus or sexual organ of the victim by any means; causing the penetration of the mouth of the victim by the sexual organ of the defendant; causing the sexual organ of the victim to contact or penetrate the mouth, anus, or sexual organ of another person, including the defendant; causing the anus of the victim to contact the mouth, anus, or sexual organ of another person, including the defendant; or causing the mouth of the victim to contact the anus or sexual organ of another person, including the defendant. Texas Penal Code, § 22.011.

[740] Texas Penal Code, § 22.021

[741] Texas Family Code, § 261.101

[742] Texas Family Code, § 261.001

[743] Texas Family Code, § 261.101

[744] Texas Family Code, § 261.103

[745] Texas Family Code, § 261.105

[746] Texas Family Code, § 261.1055

[747] Texas Family Code, § 261.301

[748] Utah Code, § 76-5-402.1 and § 76-5-401

[749] Utah Code, § 76-5-401.2

[750] Utah Code, § 76-5-401.1

[751] Sexual abuse is defined as sexual acts, not amounting to unlawful sexual activity with a minor, including: touching the anus, buttocks, breast (in the case of a female) or any part of the genitals; otherwise taking indecent liberties; or causing the victim to take indecent liberties with the actor or another person, with the intent to cause substantial emotional or bodily pain to any person or with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person. Utah Code, § 76-5-401.1.

[752] Utah Code, § 76-5-401.2

[753] Sexual conduct is defined as: sexual intercourse; engaging in any sexual act involving the genitals of one person and the mouth or anus of another person; or penetrating, however slightly, the genital or anal opening by any foreign object, substance, instrument, or device, including a part of the human body, with the intent to cause substantial emotional or bodily pain to any person or with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person,. Utah Code, § 76-5-401.2.

[754] Utah Code, § 76-5-401

[755] The definition of sexual activity is the same as the definition of sexual conduct.

[756] Violation of this law is considered a 3rd degree felony unless the defendant is less than 4 years older than the victim, in which case it is a class B misdemeanor.

[757] Utah Code, § 76-5-404.1

[758] Sexual abuse becomes an aggravated offense if: the defendant was a stranger to the victim or made friends with the victim for the purpose of committing the offense; the accused, prior to sentencing for this offense, was previously convicted of any felony, or of a misdemeanor involving a sexual offense; or the accused caused the penetration, however slight, of the genital or anal opening of the child by any part or parts of the human body other than the genitals or mouth.

[759] Utah Code, § 76-5-402.3

[760] Object rape is defined as: penetration or touching, however slight, of the genital or anal opening by any foreign object, substance, instrument, or device, not including a part of the human body, with intent to cause substantial emotional or bodily pain to the child or with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person. Utah Code, § 76-5-402.3.

[761] Utah Code, § 76-5-402.1

[762] Utah Code, § 76-5-407

[763] Utah Code, § 62A-4a-403

[764] Utah Code, § 62A-4a-402

[765] Utah Code, § 62A-4a-402

[766] Utah Code, § 62A-4a-403

[767] Utah Code, § 62A-4a-403

[768] Utah Code, § 62A-4a-408

[769] Utah Code, § 62A-4a-403

[770] Utah Code, § 62A-4a-408

[771] Utah Code, § 62A-4a-409 and § 62A-4a-403

[772] Vermont Statutes, Title 13, § 3252

[773] In re G.T., 758 A.2d 301 (Vt. 2000).

[774] Vermont Statutes, Title 13, § 2602

[775] Vermont Statutes, Title 13, § 3252

[776] Sexual act is defined as: conduct between persons consisting of contact between the penis and the vulva, the penis and the anus, the mouth and the penis, the mouth and the vulva, or any intrusion, however slight, by any part of a person's body or any object into the genital or anal opening of another. Vermont Statutes, Title 13, § 3251.

[777] Vermont Statutes, Title 13, § 3253

[778] Vermont Statutes, Title 33, § 4913

[779] Vermont Statutes, Title 33, § 4912

[780] The statute exempts clergy who learn of abuse through confession.

[781] Vermont Statutes, Title 33, § 4913

[782] Vermont Statutes, Title 33, § 4914

[783] Vermont Statutes, Title 33, § 4915

[784] Code of Virginia, § 18.2-61 and § 18.2-63

[785] Code of Virginia, § 18.2-371

[786] Code of Virginia, § 18.2-371

[787] This crime is a Class 1 misdemeanor.

[788] Code of Virginia, § 18.2-63

[789] Carnal knowledge is defined as: sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, analingus, anal intercourse, and animate and inanimate object sexual penetration. Code of Virginia, § 18.2-63.

[790] This crime is a Class 4 felony if the defendant is at least 18 years of age. If the defendant is under 18 and at least 3 years older than the victim the crime is a Class 6 felony. If the defendant is under 18 and less than 3 years older than the victim than the defendant is guilty of a Class 4 misdemeanor.

[791] Code of Virginia, § 18.2-61

[792] Code of Virginia, § 63.2-1509

[793] Code of Virginia, § 63.2-100

[794] Code of Virginia, § 63.2-1509

[795] Code of Virginia, § 63.2-1509

[796] Code of Virginia, § 63.2-1503

[797] Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.079

[798] Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.079

[799] Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.076

[800] Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.073

[801] Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.089

[802] Sexual contact is defined as: any touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of a person done for the purpose of gratifying sexual desire of either party or a third party. Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.010.

[803] Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.079

[804] Sexual intercourse is defined to include: its ordinary meaning, occurring upon any penetration, however slight; any penetration of the vagina or anus however slight, by an object, when committed on one person by another, whether such persons are of the same or opposite sex, except when such penetration is accomplished for medically recognized treatment or diagnostic purposes; and any act of sexual contact between persons involving the sex organs of one person and the mouth or anus of another whether such persons are of the same or opposite sex. Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.010.

[805] Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.086

[806] Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.076

[807] Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.083

[808] Revised Code of Washington, § 9A.44.073

[809] Revised Code of Washington, § 26.44.030

[810] Revised Code of Washington, § 26.44.020

[811] Revised Code of Washington, § 26.44.030

[812] Revised Code of Washington, § 26.44.030

[813] Revised Code of Washington, § 26.44.040

[814] Revised Code of Washington, § 26.44.030

[815] Revised Code of Washington, § 26.44.050

[816] Revised Code of Washington, § 26.44.180

[817] West Virginia Code, § 61-8B-2

[818] West Virginia Code, § 61-8B-5

[819] West Virginia Code, § 61-8B-3

[820] West Virginia Code, § 61-8B-9

[821] Sexual contact is defined as: any intentional touching, either directly or through clothing, of the anus or any part of the sex organs of another person, or the breasts of a female or intentional touching of any part of another person's body by the defendant’s sex organs, where the touching is done for the purpose of gratifying the sexual desire of either party. West Virginia Code, § 61-8B-1.

[822] West Virginia Code, § 61-8B-7

[823] West Virginia Code, § 61-8B-5

[824] Sexual intercourse is defined as: any act between persons involving penetration, however slight, of the female sex organ by the male sex organ or involving contact between the sex organs of one person and the mouth or anus of another person. West Virginia Code, § 61-8B-1.

[825] Sexual intrusion is defined as: any act between persons involving penetration, however slight, of the female sex organ or of the anus of any person by an object for the purpose of degrading or humiliating the person so penetrated or for gratifying the sexual desire of either party. West Virginia Code, § 61-8B-1.

[826] West Virginia Code, § 61-8B-3

[827] West Virginia Code, § 49-6A-2

[828] West Virginia Code, § 49-1-3

[829] West Virginia Code, § 49-6A-2

[830] West Virginia Code, § 49-6A-2

[831] West Virginia Code, § 49-6A-5

[832] West Virginia Code, § 49-6A-5

[833] West Virginia Code, § 49-6A-9

[834] West Virginia Code, § 49-6A-5

[835] Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 948.02

[836] Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 948.09

[837] Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 948.09

[838] Sexual intercourse is defined as: vulvar penetration as well as cunnilingus, fellatio, or anal intercourse between persons or any other intrusion, however slight, of any part of a person's body or of any object into the genital or anal opening either by the defendant or upon the defendant's instruction. The emission of semen is not required. Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 948.01.

[839] Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 948.02

[840] Sexual contact is defined as: intentional touching by either party, either directly or through clothing by the use of any body part or object, of either party’s intimate parts for the purpose of sexually degrading or sexually humiliating the complainant or sexually arousing or gratifying the defendant; OR intentional penile ejaculation or intentional emission of urine or feces by the defendant upon any part of the body clothed or unclothed of the victim for the purpose of sexually degrading or sexually humiliating the victim or for the purpose of sexually arousing or gratifying the defendant. Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 948.01.

[841] Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 948.02

[842] Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 48.02

[843] Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 48.981

[844] Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 48.981

[845] Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 48.981

[846] Wisconsin Statutes Annotated, § 48.981

[847] Wyoming Statutes, § 6-2-304

[848] Wyoming Statutes, § 6-2-304

[849] Sexual intrusion is defined as: any intrusion, however slight, by any object or any part of a person's body, except the mouth, tongue or penis, into the genital or anal opening of another person's body if that sexual intrusion can reasonably be construed as being for the purposes of sexual arousal, gratification or abuse; OR sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, analingus or anal intercourse with or without emission. Wyoming Statutes, § 6-2-301.

[850] Sexual contact is defined as: touching, with the intention of sexual arousal, gratification or abuse, of the victim's intimate parts by the defendant, or of the defendant’s intimate parts by the victim, or of the clothing covering the immediate area of the victim's or defendant’s intimate parts. Wyoming Statutes, § 6-2-301.

[851] Wyoming Statutes, § 6-2-303

[852] Wyoming Statutes, § 14-3-205

[853] Wyoming Statutes, § 14-3-202

[854] Wyoming Statutes, § 14-3-205

[855] Wyoming Statutes, § 14-3-205

[856] Wyoming Statutes, § 14-3-206

[857] Wyoming Statutes, § 14-3-204