State Laws. B. Child Abuse Reporting Requirements


1. Inclusion of statutory rape in reporting requirements

Mandated reporters are required to report all instances of child abuse.[778] The definition of child abuse includes sexual abuse regardless of the defendant’s relationship to the child. The definition of sexual abuse includes rape, molestation, and lewd and lascivious conduct involving a child.[779]

2. Mandatory reporters

Mandatory reporters include: physical and mental health providers; school superintendents, teachers, librarians, principals, and guidance counselors; day care workers; social workers; probation officers; camp owners, administrators, and counselors; clergy members;[780] and police officers.[781]

3. Who to report to

Mandated reporters must notify—orally or in writing—the Commissioner of Social and Rehabilitation Services of all cases of suspected abuse.[782]

4. State response

The Commissioner of Social and Rehabilitation Services must initiate an investigation within 72 hours of receiving any report of child abuse.[783]