State Laws. B. Child Abuse Reporting Requirements


1. Inclusion of statutory rape in reporting requirements

Arizona statutes require mandated reporters to report all instances where they suspect that a child has been the victim of abuse.[78] The definition of child abuse includes specific reference to the crimes listed in the previous section. However, it only refers to those cases where the abuse occurred as the result of an act or omission on the part of someone having care, custody, and control of the child.[79] The statute also includes a provision stating that mandated reporters are not required to report consensual activities—illegal under the sexual abuse and sexual conduct with a minor laws described above—if the victim is at least 14 years of age and the defendant is less than 18 years of age.[80]

2. Mandatory reporters

Mandated reporters include: physical and mental health providers, social workers, peace officers, members of the clergy[81], parents and guardians of the victim, school personnel, or any other individual who has responsibility for the care or treatment of the victim.[82]

3. Who to report to

Mandated reporters must make an immediate report, by telephone or in person, of suspected abuse to a peace officer or Child Protective Services (within the Department of Economic Security). This must be followed by a written report within 72 hours. If the suspected offender does not have care, custody, or control of the victim, mandated reporters must report to a peace officer.[83]

4. State response

Peace officers and Child Protective Services must immediately notify one another of any reports they receive.[84]