State Implementation of Major Changes to Welfare Policies, 1992 - 1998. Table W-2. Changes to work exemptions & Table W-2a. Comparison of AFDC and TANF work exemptions policies

08/03/1999

Table W-2

Approval and Implementation Dates of Work Exemptions Policy Changes, 1992 – 1998

  JOBS Exemptions Change TANF Implementation TANF Policy
State Approved Implemented Official Actual Exempt While under Age: Limited to 12 Total Months
Alabama     11-15-96   1 year -
Alaska     7-1-97   1 year X
Arizona   -- (1) 10-1-96   1 year X
Arkansas     7-1-97   3 months X
California     11-26-96 1-1-98 6 months (7) -
Colorado     7-1-97   county option -
Connecticut 8-29-94 1-1-96 10-1-96   1 year (8) -
Delaware 5-8-95 -- (2) 3-10-97   13 weeks -
Dist. of Columbia     3-1-97   1 year X
Florida 6-26-96   10-1-96   3 months -
Georgia     1-1-97   No exemption -
Hawaii 6-24-94 2-1-97 7-1-97   6 months -
Idaho 8-19-96   7-1-97   No exemption -
Illinois 9-30-95   7-1-97   1 year -
Indiana 12-15-94 5-1-95 10-1-96   1 year (10) -
Iowa 8-13-93 10-1-93 1-1-97   No exemption -
Kansas     10-1-96   1 year -
Kentucky     10-18-96   1 year X
Louisiana     1-1-97   1 year X
Maine 6-10-96   11-1-96   1 year X
Maryland 8-16-96 10-1-96 12-9-96   1 year -
Massachusetts 8-4-95 11-1-95 9-30-96   6 months -
Michigan 10-6-94 10-6-94 9-30-96   3 months -
Minnesota     7-1-97   1 year X
Mississippi     10-1-96 7-1-97 1 year X
Missouri     12-1-96   1 year -
Montana 4-18-95 -- (3) 2-1-97   No exemption -
Nebraska 2-27-95 -- (4) 12-1-96   3 months -
Nevada     12-3-96   1 year X
New Hampshire 6-18-96   10-1-96   3 years -
New Jersey 7-1-92 10-1-92 2-1-97 7-1-97 12 weeks -
New Mexico     7-1-97   1 year X
New York     12-2-96 11-1-97 1 year X
North Carolina 2-5-96 7-1-96 1-1-97   1 year -
North Dakota     7-1-97   3 months X
Ohio     10-1-96   1 year X
Oklahoma     10-1-96   1 year X
Oregon 7-15-92 2-1-93 10-1-96   90 days -
Pennsylvania     3-3-97   1 year X
Rhode Island     5-1-97   1 year -
South Carolina 5-3-96   10-12-96   1 year -
South Dakota     12-1-96   12 weeks -
Tennessee 7-25-96 9-1-96 10-1-96   4 months -
Texas 3-22-96 6-1-96 11-5-96   4 years (15) -
Utah 10-5-92 1-1-93 (5) 10-1-96   No exemption -
Vermont 4-12-93 7-1-94 9-20-96   18 months -
Virginia 7-1-95 -- (6) 2-1-97   18 months (16) -
Washington     1-10-97   1 year (17) X
West Virginia     1-11-97   1 year -
Wisconsin 8-14-95 1-1-96 9-30-96 9-1-97 12 weeks -
Wyoming     1-1-97   3 months X
Note: Implementation dates are arbitrarily stated as of the first of the month absent specific information to the contrary. The "actual" dates for TANF implementation are based on communications from Urban Institute staff.

Source: Health and Human Services, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Setting the Baseline: A Report on State Welfare Waivers and other unpublished documents.

 

Table W-2.a
Comparison Of AFDC and TANF Work Exemption Polices By Implementation Dates and Age of Yougest Child

  AFDC JOBS Exemptions Policy & Date TANF Work Exemptions Policy & Date
State Exempt Is Under: No Exemption Under 6 Over 6 Exempt Is under: No Exemption Under 6 Over 6
Alabama         1 year     11-15-96
Alaska         1 year     7-1-97
Arizona         1 year     10-1-96
Arkansas         3 months   7-1-97  
California         6 months (7)   1-1-98  
Colorado         county      
Connecticut 1 year     1-1-96 1 year (8)     10-1-96
Delaware 12 weeks       13 weeks   3-10-97  
DC         1 year     3-1-97
Florida 6 months       3 months   10-1-96  
Georgia         No 1-1-97    
Hawaii 6 months   2-1-97   6 months   7-1-97  
Idaho 12 weeks       No 7-1-97    
Illinois         1 year     7-1-97
Indiana 2 years (9)       1 year (10)     10-1-96
Iowa 3 months   10-1-93   No 1-1-97    
Kansas         1 year     10-1-96
Kentucky         1 year     10-18-96
Louisiana         1 year     1-1-97
Maine 2 year       1 year     11-1-96
Maryland 12 weeks   10-1-96   1 year     12-9-96
Massachusetts 6 years (11)       6 months   9-30-96  
Michigan No 10-6-94     3 months   9-30-96  
Minnesota         1 year     7-1-97
Mississippi         1 year     7-1-97
Missouri         1 year     12-1-96
Montana 1 year       No 2-1-97    
Nebraska 12 weeks       3 months   7-1-97  
Nevada         1 year     12-3-96
New Hampshire 1 year (12)       3 years      
New Jersey 2 year     10-1-92 12 weeks   7-1-97  
New Mexico         1 year     7-1-97
New York         1 year     11-1-97
North Carolina 5 years (13)       1 year     1-1-97
North Dakota         3 months   7-1-97  
Ohio         1 year     10-1-96
Oklahoma         1 year     10-1-96
Oregon 3 months   2-1-93   90 days   10-1-96  
Pennsylvania         1 year     3-3-97
Rhode Island         1 year     5-1-97
South Carolina 1 year (14)       1 year     10-12-96
South Dakota         12 weeks   12-1-96  
Tennessee 16 weeks   9-1-96   4 months   10-1-96  
Texas 5 years (15)       4 years (15)      
Utah No 1-1-96     No 10-1-96    
Vermont 16 weeks   7-1-94   18 months     9-20-96
Virginia 18 months       18 months (16)     10-1-97
Washington         1 year (17)     1-10-97
West Virginia         1 year     1-11-97
Wisconsin 1 year     1-1-96 12 weeks   9-1-97  
Wyoming         3 months   1-1-97  
Note:  Table W-2a shows age of youngest child at which the parent is required to participate part time in a work-related activity.

Source:  Department of Health and Human Services, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Setting the Baseline:  A Report on State Welfare Waivers and other unpublished documents.

 

FOOTNOTES

1.  Arizona begin to phase in its JOBS exemptions change beginning November 1995.

2.  Delaware began implementation of its JOBS exemptions policy with a small number of cases in October 1995; these became universal in March 1997.

3.  Montana's JOBS work exemptions policy for adults caring for a young child began in eight counties in February 1996 and was phased in statewide by February 1997.

4.  Nebraska began to implement its "Welfare Reform Demonstration Project" in eight counties in October 1995 which included reduced JOBS exemptions.

5.  Utah's JOBS work exemptions policy for adults caring for a young child began in seven counties in January 1993.

6.  Virginia's JOBS exemptions change began in five counties in July 1995 and was expanded to the entire state by October 1997.

7.  California counties may lengthen the exemption age to 12 months or shorten it to 12 weeks.  For children born while after the family is receiving assistance, the parents are exempt while the youngest child is under 12 weeks old.

8.  The exemption does not apply to children that are subject to the family cap.

9.  Not coded for inclusion in the set of dummy variables.  Indiana parents are exempt while the youngest child was under two years old for children not subject to the family cap. For children conceived while the family is on AFDC, exemptions will only be allowed for care of a child under 12 weeks.

10.  Effective June 1998, Indiana parents are exempt while the youngest child was under six months old for children not subject to the family cap and effective December 1998, the age drops to 12 weeks. For children conceived while the family is on AFDC, exemptions will only be allowed for care of a child under 12 weeks.

11.  Not coded for inclusion in the set of dummy variables.  Massachusetts parents whose youngest child is between two years and six years old may become nonexempt if work activities become available.  Parents are exempt while the youngest child is under 3 months for children not in the assistance unit.

12.  In New Hampshire, the age of child exemption may be reduced to 13 weeks in the case of a child conceived while the parent was receiving AFDC, with certain restrictions.

13.  Not coded for inclusion in the set of dummy variables.

14.  In South Carolina, exemption for child care is not provided if custodial parent is under age 25 and has not completed high school.

15.  Not coded for inclusion in the set of dummy variables.  In Texas, JOBS exemption based on age of youngest child may be used only once for each family.

16.  Virginia parents are exempt while the younges child is under six weeks for children subject to the family cap.

17.  Effective June 30, 1999, the exempt age in Washington state decreases from one year to three months.

 

View full report

Preview
Download

"Table_A.PDF" (pdf, 7.21Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"Table_B.PDF" (pdf, 15.29Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"W1tim_limt.PDF" (pdf, 9.46Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"W2JOBSexmp.PDF" (pdf, 14.93Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"W3JOBSsnct.PDF" (pdf, 15.35Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"W4ern_dsrg.PDF" (pdf, 11.01Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"W5fam_cap.PDF" (pdf, 8.4Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"rr_un_wv1.PDF" (pdf, 101.73Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"rr_un_wv2.PDF" (pdf, 101.87Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"rr_un_wv3.PDF" (pdf, 102.09Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"rr_un_wv4.PDF" (pdf, 101.57Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"rr_un_wv5.PDF" (pdf, 102.49Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"rr_un_wv6.PDF" (pdf, 102.41Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"rr_un_wv7.PDF" (pdf, 40.27Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®