State Implementation of Major Changes to Welfare Policies, 1992 - 1998. Table A. First major AFDC waiver and TANF implementation

08/03/1999

Table A

Approval and Implementation Dates of Major AFDC Waivers and TANF, 1992 – 1998

  Earliest Major Waiver TANF Implemented
State Approved Implemented Official Actual
Alabama     11-15-96  
Alaska     7-1-97  
Arizona 5-22-95 11-1-95 10-1-96  
Arkansas 4-5-94 7-1-94 7-1-97  
California 10-29-92 12-1-92 11-26-96 1-1-98
Colorado     7-1-97  
Connecticut 8-29-94 1-1-96 10-1-96  
Delaware 5-8-95 10-1-95 3-10-97  
Dist. of Columbia     3-1-97  
Florida 6-26-96 --(1) 10-1-96  
Georgia 11-1-93 1-1-94 1-1-97  
Hawaii 6-24-94 2-1-97 7-1-97  
Idaho 8-19-96   7-1-97  
Illinois 11-23-93 11-23-93 7-1-97  
Indiana 12-15-94 5-1-95 10-1-96  
Iowa 8-13-93 10-1-93 1-1-97  
Kansas 8-19-96   10-1-96  
Kentucky     10-18-96  
Louisiana 2-5-96   1-1-97  
Maine 6-10-96   11-1-96  
Maryland 8-14-95 3-1-96 12-9-96  
Massachusetts 8-4-95 11-1-95 9-30-96  
Michigan 8-25-92 10-1-92 9-30-96  
Minnesota   --(2) 7-1-97  
Mississippi 9-1-95 10-1-95 10-1-96 7-1-97
Missouri 4-18-95 6-1-95 12-1-96  
Montana 4-18-95 2-1-96 2-1-97  
Nebraska 2-27-95 10-1-95 12-1-96  
Nevada     12-3-96  
New Hampshire 6-18-96   10-1-96  
New Jersey 7-20-92 10-1-92 2-1-97 7-1-97
New Mexico     7-1-97  
New York     12-2-96 11-1-97
North Carolina 2-5-96 7-1-96 1-1-97  
North Dakota   --(3) 7-1-97  
Ohio 3-13-96 7-1-96 10-1-96  
Oklahoma     10-1-96  
Oregon 7-15-92 2-1-93 10-1-96  
Pennsylvania     3-3-97  
Rhode Island     5-1-97  
South Carolina 5-3-96   10-12-96  
South Dakota 3-14-94 6-1-94 12-1-96  
Tennessee 7-25-96 9-1-96 10-1-96  
Texas 3-22-96 6-1-96 11-5-96  
Utah 10-5-92 1-1-93 10-1-96  
Vermont 4-12-93 7-1-94 9-20-96  
Virginia 7-1-95 7-1-95 2-1-97  
Washington 9-29-95 1-1-96 1-10-97  
West Virginia 7-31-95 2-1-96 1-11-97  
Wisconsin 6-24-94 1-1-96 9-30-96 9-1-97
Wyoming     1-1-97  
Note:  Implementation dates are arbitrarily stated as of the first of the month absent specific information to the contrary. The "actual" dates for TANF implementation are based on communications from Urban Institute staff.

Source:  Health and Human Services, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, Setting the Baseline:  A Report on State Welfare Waivers and other unpublished documents.

FOOTNOTES

1.  Florida began to implement its "Family Transition Project" in two counties in February 1994; non-exempt applicants or recipients limited to 36 months of benefits in a 72 month period or 24 months of benefits in a 60 month period depending on education and work history. The state began an Increased Earnings Disregard policy of $200 plus one-half the remainder in eight counties beginning in February 1994.

2.  Minnesota began to implement its "Minnesota Family Investment Program" in seven counties in April 1994; this program included consolidating AFDC and Food Stamp payments and increasing the earned income disregard to 38 percent.

3.  North Dakota's work sanction policy was initially implemented in 11 counties beginning in July 1996. The state began an Increased Earnings Disregard policy in ten counties beginning in October 1996.

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