Comment: One commenter did not want the privacy rules to interfere with the federal common law governing collective bargaining agreements permitting employers to insist on the cooperation of employees with medical fitness evaluations.
Response: We do not seek to interfere with legal medical fitness evaluations. These rules require a covered entity to have an individual's authorization before the information resulting from such evaluations is disclosed to the employer unless another provision of the rule applies. We do not prohibit employers from conditioning employment, accommodations, or other benefits, when legally permitted to do so, upon the individual/employee providing an authorization that would permit the disclosure of protected health information to employers by covered entities. See § 164.508(b)(4) below.