Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information. Final Privacy Rule Preamble.. Family Medical Leave Act


Comment: One comment suggested that the proposed regulation adversely affects the ability of an employer to determine an employee's entitlement to leave under the Family Medical Leave Act ("FMLA") by affecting the employer's right to receive medical certification of the need for leave, additional certifications, and fitness for duty certification at the end of the leave. The commenter sought clarification as to whether a provider could disclose information to an employer without first obtaining an individual's consent or authorization. Another commenter suggested that the final rule explicitly exclude from the rule disclosures authorized by the FMLA, because, in the commenter's view, it provides more than adequate protection for the confidentiality of medical records in the employment context.

Response: We disagree that the FMLA provides adequate privacy protections for individually identifiable health information. As we understand the FMLA, the need for employers to obtain protected health information under the statute is analogous to the employer's need for protected health information under the ADA. In both situations, employers may need protected health information to fulfill their obligations under these statutes, but neither statute requires covered entities to provide the information directly to the employer. Thus, covered entities in these circumstances will need an individual's authorizations before the disclosure is made to the employer.