Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information. Final Privacy Rule Preamble.. Correctional institution.


The proposed rule did not define the term correctional institution. The final rule defines correctional institution as any penal or correctional facility, jail, reformatory, detention center, work farm, halfway house, or residential community program center operated by, or under contract to, the United States, a state, a territory, a political subdivision of a state or territory, or an Indian tribe, for the confinement or rehabilitation of persons charged with or convicted of a criminal offense or other persons held in lawful custody. Other persons held in lawful custody includes juvenile offenders adjudicated delinquent, aliens detained awaiting deportation, persons committed to mental institutions through the criminal justice system, witnesses, or others awaiting charges or trial. This language was necessary to explain the privacy rights and protections of inmates in this regulation.