Comment: Many commenters noted that proposed § 164.510(f)(5)(i), which covered disclosures for investigations and prosecutions of health care fraud, overlapped with proposed § 164.510(c) which covered disclosures for health oversight activities.
Response: As discussed more fully in § 164.512(d) of this preamble, above, we agree that proposed § 164.510(f)(5)(i) created confusion because all disclosures covered by that provision were already permitted under proposed § 164.510(c) without prior process. In the final rule, therefore, we delete proposed § 164.510(f)(5)(i).
Comment: One commenter was concerned the proposed provision would not have allowed an emergency room physician to report evidence of abuse when the suspected abuse had not been committed on the covered entity's premises.
Response: Crimes on the premises are only one type of crime that providers may report to law enforcement officials. The rules for reporting evidence of abuse to law enforcement officials are described in § 164.512(c) of the rule, and described in detail in § 164.512(c) of the preamble. An emergency room physician may report evidence of abuse if the conditions in § 164.512(c) are met, regardless of where the abuse occurred.
Comment: One commenter argued that covered entities should be permitted to disclose information that "indicates the potential existence" of evidence, not just information that "constitutes evidence" of crimes on the premises or crimes witnessed by a member of the covered entity's workforce.
Response: We agree that covered entities should not be required to guess correctly whether information will be admitted to court as evidence. For this reason, we include a good-faith standard in this provision. Covered entities may disclose information that it believes in good faith constitutes evidence of a crime on the premises. If the covered entity discloses protected health information in good faith but is wrong in its belief that the information is evidence of a violation of law, the covered entity will not be subject to sanction under this regulation.