Role of State Faith Community Liaisons in Charitable Choice Implementation. FCLs Major Issue-Focused Initiatives


FCLs Major Issue-Focused Initiatives
State Initiatives Main Public Partners Main FBCO or Other Private Partners
AL Disaster relief and preparedness/Be Ready Alabama



Drop-out prevention

Prisoner reentry

AL Dept of Homeland Security

AL Emergency Management Agency

AL Dept of Education

AL Dept of Corrections

AL Dept of Human Resources


Corporation for National and Community Service

Interfaith Disaster Network


Long-term Recovery Councils

AL Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (VOAD)

Continua of Care (HUD Initiative)

Community Prisoner Reentry Initiative (CPR)

AmeriCorps host organizations

DC Effi Barry HIV/AIDS Initiative DC Dept of Health Varies each year (cohort system)
FL Disaster Relief

Mentoring, Education, and Literacy

Dept of Financial Services

Dept of Ed

Small FBCOs and nonprofits
IL Community Economic Development  (Team Illinois) All state social service agencies Varies by community
NJ Post-TANF employment

Prisoner Reentry

OFBCI direct service grants: youth, homelessness, seniors, substance abuse

NJ Dept. of Human Services

NJ Dept. of Corrections

FBCO Grantees

Intermediaries for capacity building

Direct service grantees with NJ Office of Faith Based Initiative

NM Plan to End Hunger 

Civic Engagement Program (elderly focus)

Taskforce on Hunger members from public agencies

Dept. of Aging and Long-term Services

Catholic Charities

Lutheran and Jewish organizations

State Conference of Churches

Community Foundations

TX Nonprofit Organizational Excellence

Service and Volunteerism (including AmeriCorps State Program)

Research, Evaluation and Learning

Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship (under development)

Disaster preparedness and relief

TX Dept of Family and Protective Services

Governors Division of Emergency Management.

Texas Workforce Commission

TX Health and Human Services Commission

Governors Criminal Justice Division

TX Association of Regional Councils of Government

Public Universities

TX Interagency Interfaith Disaster Response


Private Universities

Management Support Organizations and other capacity-building providers

Private foundations (including Texas-based and national foundations)

VA Prisoner reentry



Strengthening families

Education and training for TANF-eligible parents

Emergency preparedness

County Departments of Social Service

State/local criminal justice agencies

Local Workforce Investment Boards

Community Action Agencies

Commonwealths Attorney

Cooperative Extension

Housing Authority

VA Health Dept

Mental Health agencies

VA Education Dept

State colleges and universities

Baptist General Convention

Virginia Council of Churches


New Canaan Baptist Church

Ministerial Associations, denomination judicatories

Chambers of Commerce

Civic organizations


[1] 68 Federal Register 56430, 56449, 56466 (September 30, 2003).

[2] This site, the District of Columbia, is treated as a state for many purposes. For this reason, and in the interests of simplicity, it is referred to in the report as a state along with the other seven sites.

[3] Much of this section is drawn from Jacobson, Marsh, and Winston, 2005, and from the White House OFBCI website:

[4] 68 Federal Register 56430, 56449, 56466 (September 30, 2003).

[5] Charitable Choice applies to federal program funds administered by federal agencies or by state or local agencies. It also applies to state and local funds commingled with these federal funds.

[6] Because of the emphasis on a broad approach by 2007 when the FCL study was conducted, this report uses the phrase faith-based and community organization (FBCO) unless we are specifically differentiating between FBOs and secular community-based organizations (CBOs).

[7] From the White House OFBCI website link to its list of state FCLs,

[8] We explored the FCL function in a number of cities and ultimately selected the District of Columbia for a case study. For the sake of simplicity, we refer to the case study sites as states throughout the report.

[9] The study team did not independently verify the White House OFBCI or Sager data. We have data on establishment only for the FCLs included in Dr. Sagers study.

[10] It created an interagency Advisory Board on Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, chaired by the FCL and comprised of the heads of eight major public agencies whose functions are most likely to be covered by Charitable Choice and equal treatment principles. The board is also mandated to cause the provisions of this order to be implemented by all appropriate agencies of state government, and all state agencies are directed to cooperate fully with the office and the board in implementing the faith-based and community initiative in the state, citing among other reasons PRWORAs Charitable Choice provisions.

[11] We did not systematically assess the accuracy of any respondents understanding of specific provisions of the Charitable Choice regulations or equal treatment principles. Based on our interviews, however, we have no reason to think the FCLs themselves or their staffs were unclear about the rules (many distributed a range of written materials explaining the rules and policies from a range of government and independent sources), although the office staff appeared to possess varying degrees of self-defined expertise.

[12] Section 2.2-4343.1 of the Code of Virginia.

[13] OneStar staff also noted that the foundations revised website, implemented in September 2008, has a new event registration system that will allow organizations to self-identify as FBOs to help in future tracking.

[14] In some cases, states may require organizations with grants or contracts to have such tax status. Federal Charitable Choice provisions allow religious organizations to segregate their TANFrelated accounts from their other funds, if they do not choose to establish a separate nonprofit 501(c)(3) entity. In these cases, only the segregated funds are subject to government audit.

[15] The board is composed of the heads of eight major public agencies: Human Resources, Mental Health/Mental Retardation, Education, Health, the Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Board/Childrens Trust Fund of Alabama, Economic and Community Affairs, Youth Services, and Corrections.

[16] Because of confidentiality agreements with state agency respondents, we cannot provide state-specific data.

[17] Changing guidance at the federal level was also said by several respondents to exacerbate this uncertainty.

[18] A 2002 study by John C. Green and Amy L. Sherman surveyed about 400 faith-based contractors in 15 states about their knowledge of Charitable Choice and their practices to meet its requirements (Green and Sherman 2002). Further study could update and expand on this work.

[19] The survey was conducted for the ASPE-funded study, State and Local Contracting for Social Services Under Charitable Choice, and national findings were released in 2005 (see Jacobson, Marsh, and Winston 2005).  For site selection under this study, we drew on unpublished state-level responses. While the 2004 survey also included county-level respondents, we did not use these data.

[20] Human Resources, Mental Health/Mental Retardation, Education, Health, the Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Board/Childrens Trust Fund of Alabama, Economic and Community Affairs, Youth Services, and Corrections.

[21] The Office of Community and Volunteer Services has the responsibility for volunteerism and the AmeriCorps Program and the Office of Community Partnerships works with family preservation activities funded by the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program, the Healthy Marriage Stable Families Initiative, Fatherhood, Mentoring and Prisoner Reentry.

How to Obtain a Printed Copy

To obtain a printed copy of this report, send the title and your mailing information to:

Human Services Policy, Room 404E
Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
200 Independence Ave, SW
Washington, DC 20201

Fax:  (202) 690-6562

View full report


"report.pdf" (pdf, 837.11Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®