Each of the following six sections focuses on one of the policy-relevant topic/outcome areas covered in this report, including (in the following order) marriage and relationships, parenting, youth, religiosity and mental and physical health, substance use, and crime and violence. Each section is organized in a similar fashion, starting with a brief orientation to the literature on religiosity, a discussion of the specific hypothesized pathways through which religiosity influences the outcomes of interest, and a discussion of the key data types, research methods, and measures used in this line of research.
Next, the findings on how religiosity influences the focal topic for the general population are discussed, before turning to results specific to the low-income population. Key data sources and measures are first outlined for the low-income-focused studies before the results are presented. The results for low-income studies are organized around the research questions guiding the empirical research in the given topic area and are presented in a Question and Answer format.
Research gaps and implications for next steps are then discussed. Each section concludes with an overview of new, promising research in the given topic area that can help move the respective field forward.
The report concludes with a summary of the methods and data sources used in religiosity research, key themes across outcome areas, identified research gaps, and possible next steps in research.