Role of Religiosity in the Lives of the Low-Income Population: A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence. Omitted Variable Bias


Another important dimension to consider is whether the effect of religiosity has a direct influence on the outcomes of interest, or if the effect of religiosity operates indirectly by affecting factors such as self-control or participation in pro-social activities, which in turn affect positive outcomes. If variables that are associated with religiosity, such as involvement in church social networks, are not included in multivariate models, estimates of religiosity would be subject to omitted variable bias. It could be that the direct effect of attending religious services is less important for positive outcomes than the indirect effect of the social networks built through attending the services. The potential pathways of the effect of religiosity are outlined in more detail below.

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