Role of Religiosity in the Lives of the Low-Income Population: A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence. Indirect Effects  Peer and Community


From a social network perspective, higher levels of religiosity may be associated with an individuals network of religious peers, and the larger community through participation in social and service activities, which could decrease the probability of substance abuse (Wallace & Williams, 1997). Religious adolescents could have more conventional friends, as well as strong bonds to people and institutions known to reduce drug use. Similarly, religiosity is hypothesized to help adolescents avoid drug use when they live in high-poverty neighborhoods by enhancing self-control, deference to authority, and adherence to rules and laws (Hill & McCullough, 2008; Welch, Tittle, & Grasmick, 2006).

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