Role of Religiosity in the Lives of the Low-Income Population: A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence. Findings Specific to the Low-Income Population


Table 8-1 presents the distribution of studies across outcome variables. Notably, there are fewer than 100 studies focused on the low-income population. The most heavily researched area is health outcomes (37 studies), which comprises primarily mental health but also includes physical health and educational program interventions. This area also includes the greatest proportion of qualitative research studies. The next largest area of research is youth, which includes a variety of outcomes in psychological, academic, and behavioral risk areas.  The number of studies for substance abuse, marriage, and parenting ranges from 10 to 13. Surprisingly, there are only 5 studies in the area of crime and violence focusing on economically disadvantaged families.

Because of the low number of studies that focus specifically on low-income families, a broad set of outcomes is included in this review. Specific findings across outcome areas are presented in the Highlights section and within each section. While the outcomes included in this review are intentionally broad, common themes emerge from the literature on low-income families.

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