Role of Religiosity in the Lives of the Low-Income Population: A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence. Findings Specific to the Low-Income Population


  1. Are religiosity and spirituality associated with lower levels of depression and better mental health outcomes among low-income populations?

Overall, measures of religiosity and spirituality have significant, positive associations with some or all of the mental health outcomes assessed in 12 out of 17 cross-sectional quantitative studies reviewed. One study finds only statistically insignificant effects of religiosity. There are 4 studies that find a combination of statistically significant negative and statistically insignificant effects. Table 5-1 provides a summary of the 17 quantitative studies of mental health, including a description of the research findings, samples, religiosity measures, and key control variables.

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