Role of Religiosity in the Lives of the Low-Income Population: A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence. Effect of Family-Level and Community-Level Religiosity on Outcomes


Some conceptual models hypothesize that religiosity influences individual outcomes through family-level or community-level (versus individual-level) pathways. The nature and level of religiosity in a family or community can influence its functioning, cohesiveness, shared beliefs, and social norms, which can in turn influence individual behavior both directly and indirectly. For example, religiosity at the community level is considered a factor that can influence the behavior of youths through protective moral values offered by peers and community members, regardless of individual religious affiliation or beliefs (Guo, Tong, & Cai, 2008).

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