Role of Religiosity in the Lives of the Low-Income Population: A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence. Direct Effects


The direct effect of religiosity on substance use can occur as a result of specific religious denominations behavioral sanctions that discourage substance use. For example, a high proportion of individuals who are Seventh Day Adventists or Mormon rate the teachings of their religions as strongly discouraging drinking alcohol (Michalak, Trocki, & Bond, 2007). As a result, it is hypothesized that the first use of alcohol and drugs may happen at later ages. However, because these sanctions are concentrated within specific denominations that represent a small proportion of individuals in the United States , it is possible that the effects of religious denomination may not be demonstrated in studies of the general population.

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