Role of Religiosity in the Lives of the Low-Income Population: A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence. Cross-Sectional Research


The majority of research on religiosity and substance use involves cross-sectional data. In fact, a systematic review conducted by Chitwood and colleagues (2008) found that 80% of studies examining substance use and religiosity were cross-sectional. Researchers in this area have called for more studies to make use of longitudinal designs that capture the changing nature of religiosity and inform the field how religiosity/spirituality processes may help alleviate substance use (Weiss, Chitwood, & Sanchez, 2008). Unfortunately, studies that employ longitudinal designs are few in number.

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