Role of Religiosity in the Lives of the Low-Income Population: A Comprehensive Review of the Evidence. Cross-Sectional Data Sources


Almost all of the identified research focused on religion and mental and physical health outcomes uses cross-sectional data (i.e., the measures of religiosity are collected only at one time point). There are a small number of recent evaluation studies of church-based health interventions that collect longitudinal data that measure religiosity at baseline and follow participants health outcomes over time. The primary focus of these studies is on the role of religion as a main effect on health outcomes. This focus contrasts with some of the other behavioral outcomes studies in this report, in which religiosity is included solely as a control variable.

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