Uvalde, a small rural town in southern Texas, was organized in 1953 and reorganized in 1956 by Juan de Uvalde, a famous Indian fighter. Located in the center of 10 other counties, there are 147,000 people located within the area's 15,000 square miles, making it one of the largest geographic areas among the sites. According to Census Bureau reports, most of the people living in Uvalde are Caucasian; however, many families living in Uvalde are Hispanic immigrants or undocumented workers which are not included in the census data. As a result, the number of people from the Hispanic community are underestimated by government reports.
The unemployment rate in Uvalde is typically in the low teens, although, some of the surrounding communities report unemployment rates as high as 25 percent. There is a great deal of seasonal fluctuation in the unemployment rate as there are a high number of migrant workers in the area. Like San Antonio, the jobs in Uvalde are typically low-wage positions contributing to a high poverty rate among working families. Agriculture is one of the main industries in Uvalde, however, trade has recently increased as a result of the free trade agreement with Mexico, as there is a considerable demand for truck drivers to transport products into the United States.