Role of Intermediaries in Linking TANF Recipients with Jobs: Final Report. Demographic and Economic Characteristics

02/10/2000

As the data presented in Table I.1 show, the sites represent a broad range of demographic characteristics and economic conditions. (More detailed information on each of the sites can be found in Appendix A.)  The population in the central cities of the urban sites ranges from 133,000 to more than one million residents. In the rural areas, the population ranges from 25,000 to 253,000 residents, with half of the sites populated by 100,000 or more people.

 

 

Table I.1a
Selected Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics of the Urban Research Sites
Key
Character-
isticsa
Phoenix
AZ
Little Rock
AR
San Diego
CA
Hartford
CT
Jackson-
ville, FL
St. Paul
MN
Omaha
NE
Cleveland
OH
San Antonio
TX
Richmond
VA
Population (central city 1996) 1,159,000 175,752 1,171,121 133,086 721,139 259,606 364,253 498,246 1,067,816 198,267
Population (county 1997) 2,696,198 350,426 2,722,650 825,141 732,622 484,354 441,006 1,386,803 1,332,547 242,987
AFDC/TANF Caseloadb 15,219 2,168 38,000 5,800 3,984c 9,300 3,500 33,000 13,598 4,539d
Percentage of families that are female­headed (1990) 11.8 14.5 11.2 27.6 13.4 13.0 13.3 22.7 15.7 19.8
Percentage of families below poverty (1989) 10.5 10.8 9.7 25.7 9.8 12.4 9.6 25.2 18.7 17.4
Racial distribution (1990):
  • White, non­Hispanic
81.7 64.7 67.1 40.0 72.7 82.3 83.9 49.5 72.2 43.4
  • African American
5.2 34.0 9.4 38.9 24.4 7.4 13.1 46.6 7.0 55.2
  • Other (mostly Hispanic)
13.1 1.2 24.5 22.1 2.9 11.3 3.0 3.9 21.8 1.4
High school graduation rate among adults over 25 (1990) 78.7 82.0 82.3 80.9 76.9 81.1 82.6 58.8 69.1 68.1
City unemployment ratee 2.9 3.6 3.7 7.5 3.3 2.5 2.4 8.4 4.1 4.8
Notes:

a  Data are from the 1999 Annual Metro, City, and County Data Book, unless otherwise noted.

b  Data gathered from individual site visits, unless otherwise noted.

c  http://www.state.fl.us/cf_web/wages/tme_line.XLS (September 1998).

d  Virginia Independence Program Monthly Report, March 1998. Virginia Department of Social Services.

e  The State of the Cities 1999, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

 

Table I.1b
Selected Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics of the Rural Research Sites
Key
Character-
isticsa
Yavapai County
AZ
Jefferson County
AR
Napa County
CA
New London County
CT
Suwannee County
FL
Olmstead County
MN
Scotts Bluff County
NE
Columbiana County
OH
Uvalde
TX
Wise County
VA
Population (1997) 144,298 82,259 119,269 252,958 33,077 114,619 36,281 111,644 25,619 39,288
AFDC/TANF caseloadb 582 956 590 2,400 311c 807 600 200 200 757d
Percentage of families that are female­headed (1990) 7.0 16.0 9.2 9.6 11.3 7.5 9.0 10.3 12.2 12.1
Percentage of families below poverty (1989) 9.8 19.3 4.6 4.7 15.1 4.5 11.9 14.0 40.8 18.8
Racial distribution (1997):
  • White non-Hispanic
97.2 53.1 94.0 91.9 81.4 94.2 97.0 98.1 98.6 97.2
  • African American
.3 46.0 1.1 5.9 17.7 1.0 .3 1.5 .5 2.2
  • Other (mostly Hispanic)
2.5 .9 4.9 2.7 .9 4.8 2.7 .5 1.0 .5
High school graduation rate among adults over 25 (1990) 78.9 65.9 80.7 80.9 63.8 88.0 74.3 71.8 56.1 52.1
Unemployment ratee 4.0 7.8 6.3 5.3 5.1 2.9 4.6 5.5 12.2 17.0
Notes:

a  Data are from the 1999 Annual Metro, City, and County Data Book, unless otherwise noted.

b  Data gathered from individual site visits, unless otherwise noted.

c  http://www.state.fl.us/cf_web/wages/tme_line.XLS (September 1998).

d  Virginia Independence Program Monthly Report, March 1998. Virginia Department of Social Services.

e  1998 Statistical Abstract of the United States.

In addition to having a broad range of demographic characteristics, the sites in this study also represent a variety of economic conditions. The percentage of families living in poverty ranges from a low of 4.5 percent to a high of 40.8 percent. The unemployment rate in seven of the urban sites is lower than the national rate of 4.2 percent. In the urban sites, the highest reported unemployment is 8.4 percent. In the rural areas, the unemployment rates tend to be higher than in the urban sites. Only two of the rural sites have an unemployment rate below the national average and two have an unemployment rate above 10 percent.

The number of families who receive cash assistance in the urban areas ranges from a low of 2,168 families to a high of 38,000 families. In the rural sites, the number of families receiving TANF assistance ranges from 200 to 2,400 families.

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