Cleveland, Ohio's largest metropolitan area has around 498,246 people living within the city and almost triple that, 1.4 million, in the broader Cuyahoga County. Cleveland is more ethnically diverse compared to most the sites with almost half of the families African American a smaller group that are the Hispanic population (4 percent). In addition, there is a large percentage of families that are female-headed and/or live in poverty as more than one-fifth of the families are female-headed, and about one-quarter have incomes below the federal poverty line. Along with the high rates of poverty in the region, there are fewer parents who have completed their high school education, around 60 percent of Cleveland's residents have a high school degree which is much lower than Ohio as a whole (83.4 percent).
Among the sites, Cleveland has the second highest TANF caseload with approximately 33,000 families receiving cash assistance which represents about one-fourth of Ohio's total welfare caseload. One factor contributing to the high TANF caseload is the lack of employment opportunities within the area. The unemployment rate of Cleveland is the highest of all the urban sites at 8.4 percent, which is double the national average.