Table 2-13 shows spending by covered and noncovered beneficiaries by race. Among Medicare beneficiaries, average spending by people with coverage is slightly higher for whites than for blacks or people of other races, but the difference in spending for the covered and the noncovered is slightly greater for nonwhites. However, these differences are not statistically significant. Multivariate analysis would be needed to determine the extent to which any spending differences by race are associated with other factors, such as income, health status, or source of coverage.
|Race/ethnicity||Covered||Not covered||Ratio, covered/not covered|
|Average total spending||Average out-of-pocket Spending||Out-of-pocket as % of total spending||Average total spending (all out-of-pocket)||Average total spending||Average Out-of-pocket Spending|
Note: “Other” includes Asian, Hispanic, and North American Native.
Source: Information and Methods Group, Office of Strategic Planning, Health Care Financing Administration(now known as Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services(CMS)): Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey Cost and Use File, 1996.
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