Report on Alternative Outcome Measures: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant . Endnotes

12/01/2000

1. The participation requirement for two-parent families in JOBS did not apply in the initial years of the program; it did not phase-in until FY 1994.  The JOBS statute specified rates for two-parent families through 1998, however, these rates were superceded by the TANF law beginning in FY 1997.

2. None of the territories met this participation requirement for TANF in FY 1998.

3. The two-parent requirements do not apply in eleven states and territories. Six states  alabama, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Maryland, and New Jersey  served two-parent families through a separate state program and thus the TANF two-parent participation requirements do not apply.  North Dakota, Puerto Rico, South Dakota, and the Virgin Islands do not serve two-parent families.  Vermont exempts all families from participation requirements due to a waiver inconsistency (see Section III of this Appendix).

4. "Assistance" does NOT include other benefits such as non-recurrent, short-term benefits, work subsidies, counseling and supportive services provided to families who are employed.

5. The Family Violence Option (FVO) in the PRWORA statute permits a state to waive program requirements for a victim of domestic violence if complying with the requirements would make it more difficult for the victim to escape violence or would unfairly penalize the individual. Under the FVO, the state must also develop a system to screen for victims of domestic violence and refer them to appropriate counseling and support services. HHS will determine that a state has reasonable cause for failing to meet the work participation rates or to comply with the five-year limit on federal assistance if its failure was due to its provision of good cause domestic violence waivers.

6. Calculations from Table 3:5: TANF Work Activities, Excluding Waivers, for Families Meeting the All-Family Work Requirements, Fiscal Year 1998, in U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1999. Child-only cases were not included.

7. This means some individuals could be scheduled for activities that lasted 10 hours per week and others could be scheduled for activities that lasted 30 hours per week. The JOBS regulations required that the number of scheduled hours across all participants average 20 hours per week.

8. And 50 hours for those with a 55-hour requirement.

9. Needy states are defined by high unemployment or increased participation in the Food Stamp program.

10. Calculations from Table 3:5: TANF Work Activities, Excluding Waivers, for Families Meeting the All-Family Work Requirements, Fiscal Year 1998, in U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1999, and Administration for Children and Families, 1997.