In the FY 2002 Senate Appropriations Subcommittee for Labor-HHS Education and the Conference Committee Report for the FY 2002 Labor-HHS Appropriation, Congress requested that the Secretaries of Health and Human Services and Labor identify the causes of the "shortage" of frontline workers (registered and licensed practical nurses, certified nurse aides and other direct care workers) in long-term care settings such as nursing homes, assisted living and home health care. The Subcommittee and Committee requested that the Department of Labor (DOL) and Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) make comprehensive recommendations to the respective Committees to address the increasing demand of an aging baby boomer generation.
This report is a product of collaboration between HHS and DOL in response to the requests from the U.S. Congress. Staff at these Departments worked collaboratively to share information and data pertaining to direct care workers in long-term care settings and to develop a joint set of recommendations for the future. The results of those efforts are presented in this unified Report to Congress. In addition, HHS and DOL included information from the following activities:
- HHS's recent meetings with state and local policy makers, long-term care providers, direct care workers, researchers, and labor economists on recruitment and retention of direct care workers in long-term care. Topics included: (1) extrinsic rewards and incentives (such as wage and fringe benefits), (2) workplace culture (organizational structures, social factors, physical settings, environmental modifications and technology), and (3) expanding labor pools of direct care workers.
- Survey data from both Departments on the supply of and demand for direct care workers in long-term care settings, including DOL's industry and occupational employment data from its Occupational Outlook Program and HHS data on the direct care workforce from the National Nursing Survey and the National Home and Hospice Care Study. New projections were developed for some occupational groups.
- Research and practice literature related to the shortage of long-term care workers, including information from surveys of direct care workers, and a review of state-sponsored efforts and provider surveys.
"04cfpack.pdf" (pdf, 1.09Mb)
"04cfpk02.pdf" (pdf, 819.67Kb)