Public Health Laboratories and Health System Change . Endnotes

10/06/1997

1 MeSH is the controlled vocabulary of some 18,000 terms used by the National Library of Medicine for its bibliographic databases, including MEDLINE and HealthSTAR. MeSH is a hierarchical controlled vocabulary arranged in a tree structure, in which broader MeSH headings lead to more specific MeSH headings.

2 Institute of Medicine, Committee for the Study of the Future of Public Health Division of Health Care Services. The Future of Public Health. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1988.

3 Dowdle WR. The future of the public health laboratory. Annual Review of Public Health. 1993;14: 649-64.

4 Association of State and Territorial Public Health Laboratory Directors. Core functions of public health laboratories: a report to the Association of State and Territorial Public Health Laboratory Directors by a task force. Washington, D.C.: Association of State and Territorial Public Health Laboratory Directors, 1995.

5 Warren NG and Cordts JR. Activities and recommendations by the Association of State and Territorial Public Health Laboratory Directors. Clinics in Laboratory Medicine. 1996;16(3): 731-743.

6 While our report refers to the D.C. lab as a state lab, its capabilities and operations have traditionally been more characteristic of a local health department lab.

7 CDC, Division of Laboratory Systems homepage; www.cdc.gov/phppo/dls/institut.htm, 1997.

8 Dowdle WR. The future of the public health laboratory. Annu Rev Publ Health. 1993;14:649-64.

9 CDC Case Definitions for Public Health Surveillance, 1990.

10 MMWR Staff. Defining the public health impact of drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae: report of a working group. 1996;45(RR-1).

11 Skeels M. Public health laboratories build healthy communities. Laboratory Medicine. 1995;26(9): 588-592.

12 HCFA(now known as CMS) homepage, www.hcfa.gov/medicare/hsqb/clia.htm, 1997.

13 American Society for Microbiology homepage, , 1997.

14 Goldman Sachs. Quest Diagnostics Incorporated, a turnaround story. Goldman Sachs U.S. Research. 1/7/97.

15 Goldman Sachs, 1997.

16 Cortese L and Kissel E. Competitive strategic positioning of national clinic reference laboratories in response to managed care. Clinical Laboratory Management Review. 1996: 545-550.

17 Diller W and Erickson D. To consolidate or network?: for laboratories, that's the question. In Vivo. 1996;14(4): 30-37.

18 STAT is an acronym for on site immediate turn-around test. 19 Forrey AW, Clement JM, DeMoor G, Huff SM, Leavelle D, Leland D, et al. Logical observation identifier names and codes (LOINC) database: a public use set of codes and names for electronic reporting of clinical laboratory test results. Clin Chem. 1996;42(1): 81-90.

20 Bean N, Martin S, and Bradford, H. PHLIS: An Electronic System for Reporting Public Health Data from Remote Sites. American Journal of Public Health 1992, Vol 82 No 9.

21 Mendelson DN, Salinsky EM. Health information systems and the role of state government. Health Affairs. 1997;16(3): 106-119.

22 Massachusetts State Laboratory Institute Website: www.magnet.state.ma.us/dph/bls.htm, 1997.