There are numerous strategies that federal or state programs and medical institutions use to increase the retention of the national state or local clinical workforce. There are several types of programs that provide assistance to medical students and residents in the primary care disciplines. With the exception of some resident-support programs, nearly all programs require a service commitment in exchange for financial support. The remainder of this section highlights these initiatives, including recent programmatic changes by NHSC, state-level incentive programs, programs funded by Title VII and Title VIII, institutional programs, and recent movements to increase the attractiveness of primary care.
The primary types of incentive programs include: