A Profile of Families Cycling on and off Welfare. Measuring welfare spells


For this report, we define a welfare spell as a series of consecutive months of welfare receipt. In keeping with previous research, we allow for interruptions of one month when measuring the length of welfare spells, but end welfare spells after two consecutive months without a payment. For this analysis, we focus only upon welfare spells that include the sample member's month of sample intake or began later during the observation period.

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