Privatization of Welfare Services: A Review of the Literature. References

05/01/2002

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Bane, Mary Jo, and David T. Ellwood. Welfare Realities: From Rhetoric to Reform. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1994.

Barnow, Burt S. "Exploring the Relationship between Performance Management and Program Impact: A Case Study of the Job Training Partnership Act." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, vol. 19, no. 1, Winter 2000, pp. 118-141.

Berkowitz, Bill. "Prospecting among the Poor: Welfare Privatization." Oakland, CA: Applied Research Center, May 2001.

Bernstein, Nina. The Lost Children of Wilder. New York: Pantheon Books, 2001.

Blank, Rebecca M. "When Can Public Policy Makers Rely on Private Markets? The Effective Provision of Social Services." Working Paper Series, Paper 7099. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc., April 1999.

Center for Public Policy Priorities. "The Policy Page: Privatization of Health and Human Services Eligibility Determination." No. 56. Austin, TX: CPPP, September 1, 1997.

Chi, Keon S., and Cindy Jasper. "Private Practices: A Review of Privatization in State Government," edited by Michael J. Scott. Lexington, KY: The Council of State Governments, 1998. .

Cohen, Adam. "When Wall Street Runs Welfare." Time Magazine, vol. 151, no. 11, March 23, 1998. Available at www.time.com/time/magazine/1998/dom/980323/business.when_wall-stree2.html.

Cohen, Steven. "A Conceptual Framework for Devolving Responsibility and Functions From Government to the Private Sector." Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Society for Public Administration, Orlando, Florida, April 1999.

Cohen, Steven, and William Eimicke. "Overcoming Operational Obstacles to Privatization: The Art and Craft of Contracting." Paper presented at the Annual Research Conference of the Association of Policy Analysis and Management, Washington, November 2001a.

___  . "Managing Privatization: The Tools, Skills, Goals and Ethics of Contracting." Paper presented at the 62nd Annual Conference of the American Society for Public Administration, Newark, NJ, March 2001b.

___  . "Assuring Public Ethics in Privatized Public Programs." Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Society of Public Administration, San Diego, California, April 2000.

Diller, Matthew. "The Revolution in Welfare Administration: Rules, Discretion and Entrepreneurial Government." Research paper no. 08. New York University Law Review, vol. 75, no. 5, November 2000, pp. 1121-1220.

Donahue, John D. The Privatization Decision: Public Ends, Private Means. New York: Basic Books, 1989.

Eggers, William D., and Raymond Ng. "Social and Health Service Privatization: A Survey of County and State Governments." Policy Study No. 168, Privatization Center. Los Angeles: Reason Foundation, October 1993.

Fletcher, Michael. "Philadelphia's Schools to Be Privately Run Under Pa. Plan."
The Washington Post, November 6, 2001, p. A01.

Frumkin, Peter. "Managing for Outcomes: Milestone Contracting in Oklahoma." Arlington, VA: The PriceWaterhouseCoopers Endowment for the Business of Government, 2001.

Graham, George. "Career Centers Change Hands." The Lakeland Ledger, section E, p. 1, July 20, 2001.

Gurwitt, Rob. "Focus: Child Welfare. The Lonely Leap." Governing Magazine. July 2000. Available at www.governing.com/archive/2000/jul/child.txt.

Hartung, William D., and Jennifer Washburn. "Lockheed Martin: From Warfare to Welfare." The Nation, March 2, 1998, pp. 11-16.

Heinrich, Carolyn J. "Organizational Form and Performance: An Empirical Investigation of Nonprofit and For-Profit Job-Training Service Providers." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. vol. 19, no. 2, Spring 2000, pp. 233-261.

Johnston, Jocelyn M., and Barbara S. Romzek. "Implementing State Contracts for Social Services: An Assessment of the Kansas Experience." Arlington, VA: The PriceWaterhouseCoopers Endowment for the Business of Government, 2000.

Kamerman, Sheila B., and Alfred J. Kahn. "Privatization, Contracting, and Reform of Child and Family Social Services." Prepared for The Finance Project, June 1998. Available at www.financeproject.org/private.htm.

Kansas Action for Children. "The Kansas Child Welfare System: Where Are We? Where Should We Be Going?" Topeka, KS: Kansas Action for Children, 2001.

Kettl, Donald. Sharing Power: Public Governance and Private Markets. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1993.

Kornfeld, Bob. "Evaluation of the Arizona Works Pilot Program: Impact Study Interim Report." Prepared for Arizona Works Agency Procurement Board. Bethesda, MD: Abt Associates, Inc., February 2001.

Lemov, Penelope. "The Rocky Road to Privatizing Welfare." Governing Magazine, July 1997. Available at www.governing.com/archive/1997/jul/welfare.txt.

McCullough, Charlotte, and Barbara Schmitt. "CWLA Managed Care and Privatization Child Welfare Tracking Project: 1998 State and County Survey Results." Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America, 1999.

Milward, H. Brinton, and Keith G. Provan. "The Hollow State: Private Provision of Public Services." In Public Policy for Democracy, edited by Helen Ingram and Steven Rathgeb Smith. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1993, pp. 222-237.

Moe, Ronald C. "Exploring the Limits of Privatization." Public Administration Review, vol. 47, no. 6, November/December 1987, pp. 453-460.

National Performance Review. "Creating a Government That Works Better and Costs Less." Washington, DC: National Performance Review, 1994.

Nightingale, Demetra Smith, and Nancy Pindus. "Privatization of Public Social Services: A Background Paper." Prepared for the U.S. Department of Labor, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute, October 15, 1997.

O'Looney, John A. Outsourcing State and Local Government Services: Decision-Making Strategies and Management Methods. Westport, CT: Quorum Books, 1998.

Osborne, David, and Ted Gaebler. Reinventing Government: How the Entrepreneurial Spirit Is Transforming the Public Sector. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. 1992.

Paulsell, Diane and Ali Stieglitz. "Implementing Employment Retention Services in Pennsylvania: Lessons from Community Solutions." Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., July 2001.

Pavetti, LaDonna, Michelle Derr, Jacquelyn Anderson, Carole Trippe, and Sidnee Paschal. "The Role of Intermediaries in Linking TANF Recipients With Jobs." Report submitted to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. Washington, DC: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., 2000.

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Porcari, Diane, and Laura Peck. "Evaluation of the Arizona Works Pilot Program: Process Study Interim Report." Prepared for Arizona Works Agency Procurement Board. Bethesda, MD: Abt Associates, Inc., January 18, 2001.

Reason Foundation. "Welfare Administration/Welfare-to-Work Services." Available at http://www.privatization.org/collection/SpecificServiceAreas/Welfare-local.html.

Rodregue, George. "Problems Reported in Privatizing Welfare." Dallas Morning News. May 17, 1997.

Roper, Richard W. "A Shifting Landscape: Contracting for Welfare Services in New Jersey." Rockefeller Reports, no. 10. Albany, NY: The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government, State University of New York, December 1998.

Ryan, William P. "The New Landscape for Nonprofits." Harvard Business Review, January-February 1999, reprint no. 99108, pp. 127-136.

Sanger, Mary Bryna. "When the Private Sector Competes." Reform Watch brief no. 3, Center for Public Service. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, October 2001.

Sanger, M. Bryna. "When the Private Sector Competes." Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, forthcoming.

Savas, E.S. Privatization: The Key to Better Government. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House Publishers, Inc., 1987

Saxon-Harrold, Susan K.E., and Aaron J. Heffron. "Crossing the Borders: Competition and Collaboration among Nonprofits, Business and Government." Washington, DC: Independent Sector, 1999.

Sclar, Elliott D. You Don't Always Get What You Pay For: The Economics of Privatization. A Century Foundation Book. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2000.

Service Employees International Union. "Contracting Human Services: Recurring Scandals and Bad Performance." Washington, DC: SEIU, May 1997.

Smith, Steven Rathgeb, and Michael Lipsky. Nonprofits for Hire: The Welfare State in the Age of Contracting. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Walters, Jonathan. "Welfare Privatization: The Welfare Bonanza." Governing Magazine, January 2000. Available at www.governing.com/archive/1997/mar/bureau.txt.

Walters, Jonathan. "Busting the Welfare Bureaucracy." Governing Magazine, March 1997. Available at www.governing.com/archive/1997/mar/bureau.txt.

Yates, Jessica. "Managing the Contracting Process for Results in Welfare Reform." Issue Notes, vol. 2, no. 13. Washington, DC: Welfare Information Network, November 1998.

___ . "Case Studies on Non-Profits' Involvement in Contracting for Welfare Services." Washington, DC: Welfare Information Network, September 9, 1997a.

___  . "WIN Meeting on Contracting of Services Under Welfare Reform: Lessons Learned." Washington, DC: Welfare Information Network, September 9, 1997b.

___  ."Privatization and Welfare Reform." Issue Notes, vol. 1, no. 2. Washington, DC: Welfare Information Network, February 1997c.

U.S. General Accounting Office. "Social Service Privatization: Ethics and Accountability Challenges in State Contracting." Publication no. GAO/HEHS-99-41. Washington, DC: GAO, April 1999.

___  "Privatization: Questions State and Local Decisionmakers Used When Considering Privatization Options." Publication no. GAO/GGD-98-87. Washington, DC: GAO, April 1998.

___  "Child Support Enforcement Privatization: Challenges in Ensuring Accountability for Program Results." (Statement of Mark V. Nadel, Associate Director Income Security Issues; Health, Education, and Human Services Division.) Publication no. GAO/T-HEHS-98-22. Washington, DC: GAO, November 1997a.

___ . "Social Service Privatization: Expansion Poses Challenges in Ensuring
Accountability for Program Results." Publication no. GAO/HEHS-98-6. Washington, DC: October 1997b.

___ . "Privatization: Lessons Learned by State and Local Governments." Publication no. GAO/GGD-97-48. Washington, DC: March 1997c.

___ .  "Child Support Enforcement: Early Results on Comparability of Privatized and Public Offices." Publication no. GAO/HEHS-97-4. Washington, DC: December 1996.

___ . "Child Support Enforcement: States and Localities Move to Privatized Services." Publication no. HEHS-96-43FS. Washington, DC: GAO, November 1995.

 

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