Privatization of Welfare Services: A Review of the Literature. Large Nonprofit Organizations


Several large nonprofit organizations have won contracts to provide case management, employment services, and support services under a wide range of funding streams both government and philanthropic. These organizations are large, national, and have stable and diversified funding. Most have been providing social services for many years. Sanger (2001) argues that they more closely resemble the for-profit organizations than the small community-based organizations in terms of their financial stability. These organizations include:

  • Goodwill Industries. Through a network of community-based, autonomous affiliates, Goodwill operates human services support programs throughout the United States and Canada. These programs include job training and employment services, including short-term and long-term training, welfare-to-work programs, and job readiness programs.
  • Catholic Charities. Catholic Charities also provides services through a network of independent, nonsectarian, multi-service agencies across the nation. Although sponsored by the Catholic Church, it offers its services to all people in need.
  • AFL-CIO. The community services branch of this labor organization is providing job-training services under contract with state and local governments.

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