HUD/HHS/VA Collaborative Initiative to Help End Chronic Homelessness: Preliminary Client Outcomes Report. Outcomes among client sub-groups

02/26/2007

Table 12.
Outcomes among client sub-groups

(Mixed models;  least square means;  group & time as class variables, 10 site dummy codes as covariates)
  Psychiatric disability group Age group Racial/ethnic group
1 2 3      
Outcome measures mh prob sa prob dual prob tukey <50 yrs. 50+ yrs. p minority white p
(N=170; 24%) (N=137;  20%) (N=367; 52%)   (N=462; 66%) (N=238; 34%)   (N=439; 63%) (N=261; 37%)  
Days housed 68 66 66 n.s. 67 65 n.s. 68 64 **
Housed (own, else's or hotel) 84% 81% 82% n.s. 83% 80% n.s. 83% 80% *
Homeless 4% 7% 4% 2>3 4% 4% n.s. 4% 6% n.s.
Housing satisfaction 4.0 4.1 4.0 2>1,3 4.0 4.0 n.s. 4.0 4.0 n.s.
Commun integration 6.8 7.4 7.2 1<2 7.2 7.1 n.s. 7.2 7.0 n.s.
Knows any neighbors well 59% 75% 68% 1<3<2 67% 67% n.s. 68% 65% n.s.
Social support 1.1 1.5 1.5 1<2,3 1.4 1.3 n.s. 1.4 1.3 **
Days in jail 0.4 1.1 1.4 1<3 1.3 0.5 * 1.1 0.8 n.s.
Subjective quality of life 4.5 4.9 4.4 1,3<2 4.5 4.6 n.s. 4.7 4.4 ***
Any employment 13% 21% 16% 1<2 17% 14% n.s. 17% 14% n.s.
Employment income $52 $90 $49 1,3<2 $56 $58 n.s. $65 $42 n.s.
Any public support 87% 73% 80% 1>3>2 82% 78% n.s. 81% 81% n.s.
Public support income $470 $327 $429 1,3>2 $392 $475 *** $424 $414 n.s.
Total income $562 $444 $503 2<3<1 $474 $571 *** $509 $502 n.s.
SF-12 mental 41.2 42.4 38.2 1,2>3 39.3 41.3 *** 40.4 39.3 **
BSI 1.28 0.93 1.64 2<1<3 1.46 1.21 *** 1.34 1.43 n.s.
Observed psychotic behavior 0.29 0.15 0.21 2<3<1 0.23 0.21 n.s. 0.21 0.23 n.s.
Satisfaction with primary treater 5.0 5.1 5.2 1<3 5.2 5.1 n.s. 5.2 5.1 n.s.
Days intoxicated 0.4 2.5 2.4 1<2,3 1.9 1.7 n.s. 1.7 2.1 n.s.
Any drugs 24% 35% 44% 1<2<3 40% 29% *** 37% 35% n.s.
ASI alcohol 0.03 0.13 0.15 1<2<3 0.12 0.10 n.s. 0.11 0.12 n.s.
ASI drug 0.02 0.04 0.06 1<2<3 0.05 0.04 ** 0.05 0.05 n.s.
SF-12 physical 43.3 45.8 45.2 1<2,3 45.9 42.8 *** 44.9 44.9 n.s.
Trust in physician 3.8 4.0 3.9 1<2,3 3.9 3.8 n.s. 3.9 3.9 n.s.
Cost of medical/dental treatment $2,403 $1,105 $2,551 2<3 $1,799 $2,881 * $1,716 $2,908 *
Cost of mental health services $1,383 $1,342 $1,846 n.s. $1,729 $1,314 n.s. $1,476 $1,782 n.s.
Cost of substance abuse treatment $88 $667 $1,049 1<2,3 $748 $623 n.s. $706 $705 n.s.
Total health care cost $3,869 $3,104 $5,442 1,2<3 $4,272 $4,812 n.s. $3,892 $5,391 *
Inpatient care cost $3,216 $2,471 $4,284 2<3 $3,347 $3,949 n.s. $2,954 $4,543 *
Outpatient care cost $653 $636 $1,151 1,2<3 $922 $860 n.s. $936 $842 n.s.
* p<.05   ** p<.01   *** p<.001

 

Table 12.
Outcomes among client sub-groups (con’t.)
  Legal status group Military group Gender group
Outcome measures jailed not jailed p veteran non-veteran p female male p
  (N=476; 71%) (N=194; 29%)   (N=212; 30%) (N=488; 70%)   (N=171; 24%) (N=529; 76%)  
Days housed 66 67 n.s. 66 67 n.s. 69 66 **
Housed (own place, else's place or hotel) 82% 83% n.s. 80% 83% * 86% 81% **
Homeless 5% 3% * 5% 4% n.s. 4% 5% n.s.
Housing satisfaction 4.0 4.0 n.s. 4.0 4.0 n.s. 4.0 4.0 n.s.
Commun integration 7.2 7.0 n.s. 7.6 6.9 *** 6.8 7.2 *
Knows any neighbors well 69% 62% * 64% 68% n.s. 64% 68% n.s.
Social support 1.4 1.3 n.s. 1.3 1.4 n.s. 1.4 1.4 n.s.
Days in jail 1.4 0.1 *** 0.7 1.2 n.s. 0.6 1.2 n.s.
Subjective quality of life 4.6 4.5 n.s. 4.4 4.6 * 4.7 4.5 *
Any employment 16% 15% n.s. 18% 15% n.s. 12% 18% **
Employment income $55 $57 n.s. $72 $50 n.s. $38 $63 *
Any public support 80% 80% n.s. 71% 85% *** 85% 79% *
Public support income $421 $407 n.s. $493 $388 *** $424 $419 n.s.
Total income $505 $504 n.s. $599 $466 *** $492 $511 n.s.
SF-12 mental 39.8 40.5 n.s. 40.0 40.0 n.s. 40.3 39.9 n.s.
BSI 1.43 1.23 ** 1.37 1.38 n.s. 1.44 1.35 n.s.
Observed psychotic behavior 0.21 0.25 * 0.22 0.22 n.s. 0.25 0.21 *
Satisfaction with primary treater 5.2 5.1 n.s. 5.1 5.2 n.s. 5.2 5.1 n.s.
Days intoxicated 2.1 1.2 ** 1.8 1.9 n.s. 1.6 1.9 n.s.
Any drugs 39% 27% *** 34% 37% n.s. 37% 36% n.s.
ASI alcohol 0.12 0.09 * 0.12 0.11 n.s. 0.10 0.12 n.s.
ASI drug 0.05 0.03 *** 0.04 0.05 n.s. 0.06 0.04 n.s.
SF-12 physical 44.5 45.5 n.s. 44.9 44.8 n.s. 42.8 45.5 ***
Trust in physician 3.9 3.8 n.s. 3.9 3.9 n.s. 3.9 3.9 n.s.
Cost of medical/dental treatment $1,977 $2,626 n.s. $2,420 $2,048 n.s. $1,846 $2,264 n.s.
Cost of mental health services $1,499 $1,740 n.s. $1,611 $1,581 n.s. $2,204 $1,393 **
Cost of substance abuse treatment $823 $467 * $697 $710 n.s. $722 $701 n.s.
Total health care cost $4,299 $4,824 n.s. $4,721 $4,335 n.s. $4,759 $4,354 n.s.
Inpatient care cost $3,355 $4,011 n.s. $3,746 $3,462 n.s. $3,808 $3,465 n.s.
Outpatient care cost $940 $811 n.s. $962 $874 n.s. $957 $883 n.s.
* p<.05   ** p<.01   *** p<.001

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