HUD/HHS/VA Collaborative Initiative to Help End Chronic Homelessness: Preliminary Client Outcomes Report. Client outcome changes by site

02/26/2007

Table 14.
Client outcome changes by site

(Mixed model LS means (sitenum, funum & sitenum*funum effects no covariates)
  Type III Tests of Fixed Effects
(main effect of site)
  CHA CHI COL DEN FTL LOS MAR NYC PHI POR SAF Num df

Den df

F

p

Client outcomes
Housing
Days housed Bl 27 15 21 18 9 17 13 5 11 10 42 10 871 12 ***
3-mo 74 66 77 77 75 56 61 76 50 49 85        
6-mo 85 79 83 85 89 71 87 88 73 71 86        
9-mo 83 84 87 81 88 73 82 88 74 80 87        
12-mo 85 83 84 82 90 78 84 83 78 80 82        
Housed (own, else's or hotel) Bl 56% 24% 48% 48% 13% 55% 19% 16% 13% 12% 87% 10 773 14 ***
3-mo 97% 84% 93% 96% 98% 76% 98% 100% 82% 75% 100%        
6-mo 97% 96% 95% 97% 99% 82% 96% 100% 88% 84% 100%        
9-mo 91% 95% 97% 92% 100% 86% 91% 100% 88% 92% 100%        
12-mo 99% 98% 99% 92% 100% 88% 88% 97% 91% 89% 100%        
Homeless Bl 24% 16% 11% 27% 17% 8% 13% 16% 1% 35% 2% 10 554 5 ***
3-mo 0% 2% 3% 2% 0% 3% 2% 0% 2% 6% 0%        
6-mo 0% 0% 3% 1% 0% 2% 0% 0% 2% 5% 0%        
9-mo 4% 0% 1% 3% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 4% 0%        
12-mo 0% 0% 0% 3% 0% 2% 2% 0% 2% 7% 0%        
Housing satisfaction Bl 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.8 3.9 3.6 3.7 4.2 4.2 4.0 10 954 9 ***
3-mo 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.0 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.0        
6-mo 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.5 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.1 3.9        
9-mo 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.2 4.5 3.8 3.7 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.9        
12-mo 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.6 3.7 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.1        
Community adjustment
Commun integration bl 5.3 7.2 5.6 6.5 6.5 7.8 6.8 7.9 6.4 7.1 8.1 10 817 11 ***
3-mo 6.2 8.1 5.5 7.0 6.8 8.0 7.0 7.9 7.0 7.3 7.9        
6-mo 5.9 8.2 6.2 7.3 7.1 8.4 6.9 8.7 6.5 6.9 8.1        
9-mo 6.3 8.1 6.2 7.2 7.2 7.8 6.8 8.6 6.3 7.0 8.3        
12-mo 6.1 7.8 6.4 7.6 7.3 7.7 6.4 8.7 6.4 7.4 8.1        
Knows any neighbors well bl 42% 79% 54% 29% -10% 35% 24% 32% -15% 5% 41% 10 1083 4 ***
3-mo 78% 70% 71% 73% 78% 61% 56% 81% 54% 54% 66%        
6-mo 82% 64% 88% 83% 84% 69% 65% 86% 62% 65% 74%        
9-mo 82% 90% 82% 74% 87% 78% 69% 95% 67% 68% 68%        
12-mo 73% 89% 84% 74% 92% 69% 77% 83% 66% 70% 72%        
Social support bl 1.2 2.0 0.6 1.1 1.5 1.1 1.4 1.7 2.1 1.8 1.3 10 777 19 ***
3-mo 1.2 2.4 0.7 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.3 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.3        
6-mo 1.2 2.7 0.8 1.2 1.5 1.0 1.4 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.3        
9-mo 1.2 2.4 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.2 2.0 1.2 1.5 1.3        
12-mo 1.2 2.3 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.1 1.1 2.0 1.1 1.4 1.3        
   * p<.05   ** p<.01   *** p<.001

 

Table 14.
Client outcome changes by site (con’t.)
  Type III Tests of Fixed Effects
(main effect of site)
   

CHA

CHI

COL

DEN

FTL

LOS

MAR

NYC

PHI

POR

SAF

Num df

Den df

F

p

Days in jail bl 4.0 0.0 3.6 1.4 2.0 1.1 0.3 0.2 2.3 0.8 0.2 10 695 2 *
3-mo 2.2 0.1 0.7 0.6 0.0 1.2 0.1 0.1 1.6 1.1 0.3        
6-mo 1.4 0.0 1.2 0.4 0.3 2.3 0.1 0.2 0.7 1.9 0.9        
9-mo 2.0 0.0 2.0 1.1 2.2 1.1 0.8 0.8 1.7 1.0 0.5        
12-mo 1.0 0.8 1.8 0.0 -0.1 1.1 0.1 0.1 2.4 0.8 0.0        
QOL bl 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.0 4.7 10 839 5 ***
3-mo 4.2 4.6 4.2 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.6        
6-mo 4.4 4.8 4.3 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.9 5.2 4.9 4.2 4.4        
9-mo 4.4 5.2 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.6 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.0 4.5        
12-mo 4.4 4.8 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.6 5.1 5.0 4.1 4.8        
Income/Support
Any employment bl 28% 11% 18% 19% 26% 15% 21% 20% 7% 19% 6% 10 870 4 ***
3-mo 17% 28% 16% 16% 12% 13% 18% 24% 8% 28% 7%        
6-mo 18% 17% 13% 14% 19% 18% 13% 20% 2% 21% 9%        
9-mo 27% 27% 16% 22% 30% 14% 17% 19% 6% 27% 9%        
12-mo 22% 24% 13% 11% 18% 9% 11% 20% 5% 25% 11%        
Employment income bl $80 $19 $55 $50 $81 $16 $108 $30 $22 $33 $13 10 934 2 **
3-mo $46 $131 $62 $57 $74 $20 $101 $108 $40 $39 $31        
6-mo $59 $10 $60 $65 $109 $31 $66 $106 $3 $46 $11        
9-mo $74 $99 $67 $81 $127 $27 $72 $125 $6 $115 $56        
12-mo $58 $32 $37 $50 $80 $10 $59 $142 $11 $137 $43        
Any public support bl 74% 76% 62% 47% 47% 90% 67% 73% 76% 79% 84% 10 765 3 **
3-mo 91% 83% 83% 61% 91% 91% 69% 82% 76% 86% 88%        
6-mo 88% 80% 87% 68% 91% 87% 75% 88% 83% 85% 91%        
9-mo 90% 85% 86% 80% 92% 87% 77% 86% 87% 85% 81%        
12-mo 92% 88% 90% 81% 96% 78% 74% 79% 86% 76% 85%        
Public support income bl $249 $187 $227 $210 $149 $439 $523 $162 $432 $220 $584 10 857 23 ***
3-mo $298 $208 $305 $273 $265 $465 $617 $423 $488 $285 $626        
6-mo $341 $213 $428 $306 $272 $549 $650 $447 $580 $293 $800        
9-mo $426 $222 $453 $367 $322 $640 $694 $439 $533 $314 $606        
12-mo $392 $231 $537 $395 $340 $667 $703 $464 $526 $347 $575        
Total income bl $359 $208 $286 $279 $236 $472 $698 $219 $453 $272 $646 10 894 27 ***
3-mo $358 $345 $370 $342 $360 $530 $775 $544 $515 $338 $734        
6-mo $420 $226 $507 $392 $397 $651 $772 $583 $535 $355 $831        
9-mo $515 $338 $524 $461 $481 $705 $858 $635 $545 $438 $840        
12-mo $483 $268 $576 $495 $445 $817 $803 $634 $545 $439 $788        
   * p<.05   ** p<.01   *** p<.001

 

Table 14.
Client outcome changes by site (con’t.)
  Type III Tests of Fixed Effects
(main effect of site)
   

CHA

CHI

COL

DEN

FTL

LOS

MAR

NYC

PHI

POR

SAF

Num df

Den df

F

p

Mental health
SF-12 mental bl 36.5 40.9 33.9 41.2 38.0 36.8 39.4 41.5 42.9 36.0 40.5 10 870 14 ***
3-mo 38.7 41.8 34.3 43.9 38.7 38.2 40.7 41.9 42.2 38.6 40.7        
6-mo 39.8 40.5 36.0 44.5 37.1 40.9 41.3 40.5 41.9 38.6 40.9        
9-mo 40.0 43.0 36.6 45.1 38.7 40.6 42.1 42.5 40.3 38.2 39.6        
12-mo 39.1 41.4 38.0 44.1 36.6 39.7 41.2 41.0 40.6 38.8 41.5        
BSI bl 2.2 1.1 1.7 1.4 1.9 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.9 1.3 10 762 15 ***
3-mo 1.9 1.0 1.6 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.7 1.3        
6-mo 2.0 0.8 1.6 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.7 1.4        
9-mo 1.7 0.8 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.8 1.3        
12-mo 1.5 0.8 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.5 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.7 1.2        
Obs psych behav bl 0.30 0.10 0.06 0.13 0.31 0.31 0.32 0.12 0.08 0.35 0.35 10 771 44 ***
3-mo 0.24 0.04 0.10 0.10 0.33 0.24 0.22 0.10 0.06 0.41 0.41        
6-mo 0.19 0.03 0.06 0.12 0.33 0.28 0.16 0.05 0.07 0.46 0.56        
9-mo 0.14 0.03 0.06 0.16 0.32 0.32 0.11 0.13 0.11 0.57 0.51        
12-mo 0.10 0.02 0.06 0.15 0.27 0.36 0.17 0.17 0.10 0.59 0.47        
Satisfaction with primary treater bl 5.4 5.0 4.7 5.8 5.4 5.0 5.1 5.5 4.6 5.3 5.2 10 683 9 ***
3-mo 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.7 5.3 4.8 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.4 4.7        
6-mo 4.7 4.9 4.8 5.8 5.3 4.8 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.5 5.1        
9-mo 4.9 4.9 4.7 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.1 4.6 5.1 5.2 5.0        
12-mo 4.9 4.8 4.5 5.6 5.5 4.9 5.3 4.6 5.1 5.2 5.2        
Substance abuse
Days intoxicated bl 0.3 1.3 2.9 5.0 0.7 1.0 1.9 1.6 2.4 2.0 1.3 10 773 7 ***
3-mo 0.2 2.3 1.8 4.4 1.0 0.9 1.7 0.7 1.4 1.0 0.9        
6-mo 1.1 0.8 1.1 4.2 1.2 0.9 2.1 0.6 1.3 2.3 1.8        
9-mo 0.6 1.2 0.5 5.9 1.6 0.3 3.2 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.6        
12-mo 0.6 1.1 3.0 4.9 2.3 1.5 3.3 0.8 1.0 2.1 0.9        
Any drugs bl 30% 55% 24% 40% 9% 29% 25% 63% 30% 54% 56% 10 786 11 ***
3-mo 24% 32% 24% 34% 11% 28% 31% 45% 30% 48% 62%        
6-mo 13% 40% 25% 30% 13% 26% 25% 54% 30% 46% 61%        
9-mo 14% 40% 18% 28% 17% 29% 28% 51% 39% 51% 66%        
12-mo 21% 29% 31% 37% 20% 40% 29% 49% 32% 56% 63%        
ASI alc bl 0.09 0.12 0.13 0.21 0.09 0.06 0.11 0.15 0.13 0.15 0.10 10 733 5 ***
3-mo 0.06 0.10 0.09 0.20 0.08 0.06 0.09 0.13 0.08 0.10 0.10        
6-mo 0.07 0.10 0.08 0.19 0.10 0.05 0.09 0.12 0.09 0.12 0.10        
9-mo 0.08 0.10 0.06 0.21 0.10 0.05 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.12 0.10        
12-mo 0.08 0.10 0.12 0.19 0.10 0.08 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.14 0.09        
   * p<.05   ** p<.01   *** p<.001

 

Table 14.
Client outcome changes by site (con’t.)
  Type III Tests of Fixed Effects
(main effect of site)
   

CHA

CHI

COL

DEN

FTL

LOS

MAR

NYC

PHI

POR

SAF

Num df

Den df

F

p

ASI drug bl 0.04 0.06 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.10 0.05 0.10 0.06 10 756 8 ***
3-mo 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.06 0.02 0.07 0.04 0.09 0.07        
6-mo 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.08 0.09        
9-mo 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.06 0.03 0.07 0.05 0.08 0.07        
12-mo 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.10 0.07        
Physical health
SF-12 physical bl 41.9 51.6 48.1 43.8 45.0 45.2 41.2 46.5 47.3 43.8 42.6 10 806 8 ***
3-mo 40.7 50.3 49.2 45.4 45.2 43.8 42.7 45.7 47.4 42.6 43.1        
6-mo 41.1 48.1 47.8 44.7 46.9 41.9 43.6 47.1 48.2 41.0 42.5        
9-mo 39.2 48.5 47.3 42.4 45.4 42.7 45.5 45.7 47.0 42.5 43.7        
12-mo 40.5 48.6 46.3 43.2 47.2 40.9 44.0 47.6 48.1 43.2 45.2        
Trust in physician bl 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.2 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 10 528 4 ***
3-mo 4.0 3.8 4.4 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.5 3.9 4.0 3.5 4.1        
6-mo 3.7 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9        
9-mo 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.7 4.2 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.9        
12-mo 3.8 4.0 3.7 4.0 4.2 3.8 3.5 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.0        
Treatment costs
Cost of medical/dental treatment bl $2,596 $1,013 $2,671 $2,944 $4,551 $1,375 $5,352 $2,358 $3,661 $1,739 $6,489 10 770 1 n.s.
3-mo $4,985 $1,177 $1,340 $1,445 $1,172 $611 $2,501 $2,920 $3,163 $4,730 $3,709        
6-mo $1,919 $838 $302 $2,230 $821 $2,592 $1,602 $2,643 $2,843 $2,799 $2,752        
9-mo $3,437 $429 $831 $1,560 $266 $2,102 $1,176 $1,175 $2,098 $1,422 $2,569        
12-mo $1,953 $510 $609 $1,021 $72 $1,627 $3,642 $893 $2,569 $2,085 $977        
Cost of mental health services bl $1,958 $478 $1,771 $376 $3,983 $3,100 $2,334 $350 $6,257 $1,054 $3,537 10 984 6 ***
3-mo $1,950 $1,359 $537 $968 $1,735 $3,269 $775 $2,498 $4,874 $2,006 $1,687        
6-mo $1,880 $1,060 $609 $983 $818 $4,377 $312 $289 $3,075 $1,616 $1,435        
9-mo $1,035 $213 $748 $473 $581 $1,238 $268 $646 $3,322 $959 $1,377        
12-mo $1,150 $91 $1,437 $551 $552 $2,630 $330 $969 $2,885 $413 $964        
Cost of substance abuse treatment bl $366 $928 $1,165 $1,063 $1,351 $552 $2,072 $3,196 $920 $2,822 $546 10 677 2 *
3-mo $165 $1,068 $141 $410 $1,599 $315 $436 $212 $419 $752 $612        
6-mo $114 $973 $120 $403 $535 $186 $801 $67 $208 $918 $211        
9-mo $400 $420 $83 $485 $343 $1,497 $990 $764 $618 $669 $213        
12-mo $101 $539 $106 $578 $364 $2,070 $493 $2,478 $115 $591 $1,022        
Total health care cost bl $4,920 $2,419 $5,607 $4,384 $9,884 $5,026 $9,757 $5,903 $10,838 $5,614 $10,572 10 837 3 **
3-mo $7,092 $3,614 $2,021 $2,823 $4,513 $4,190 $3,715 $5,630 $8,393 $7,469 $6,022        
6-mo $3,914 $2,869 $1,032 $3,622 $2,146 $7,150 $2,708 $2,994 $6,128 $5,297 $4,397        
9-mo $4,864 $1,073 $1,673 $2,518 $1,174 $4,827 $2,431 $2,600 $6,033 $3,014 $4,130        
12-mo $3,203 $1,140 $2,146 $2,142 $981 $6,322 $4,450 $4,345 $5,542 $3,086 $2,936        
   * p<.05   ** p<.01   *** p<.001

 

Table 14.
Client outcome changes by site (con’t.)
  Type III Tests of Fixed Effects
(main effect of site)
  CHA

CHI

COL

DEN

FTL

LOS

MAR

NYC

PHI

POR

SAF

Num df

Den df

F

p

Inpatient care cost bl $3,792 $1,732 $5,006 $3,874 $8,192 $3,659 $8,766 $5,005 $9,574 $4,328 $9,131 10 845 2 *
3-mo $5,951 $2,636 $1,438 $2,279 $3,256 $2,577 $3,072 $4,853 $7,433 $5,480 $4,698        
6-mo $2,968 $2,348 $468 $3,052 $1,202 $5,930 $2,070 $2,449 $5,294 $3,843 $3,036        
9-mo $4,022 $576 $1,159 $1,993 $340 $3,497 $1,839 $2,173 $5,132 $1,902 $2,895        
12-mo $2,272 $748 $1,627 $1,645 $193 $5,401 $3,993 $3,785 $4,835 $2,131 $1,988        
Outpatient care cost bl $1,128 $687 $601 $509 $1,692 $1,367 $991 $899 $1,264 $1,286 $1,441 10 929 10 ***
3-mo $1,129 $971 $581 $544 $1,254 $1,614 $646 $777 $913 $1,984 $1,330        
6-mo $942 $525 $563 $562 $934 $1,226 $601 $545 $835 $1,426 $1,398        
9-mo $836 $518 $506 $520 $829 $1,327 $569 $417 $905 $1,082 $1,234        
12-mo $932 $401 $510 $495 $783 $915 $453 $564 $694 $948 $956        
* p<.05   ** p<.01   *** p<.001

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