HUD/HHS/VA Collaborative Initiative to Help End Chronic Homelessness: Preliminary Client Outcomes Report. Changes in client outcomes by independent housing status (i.e., living in ones own place) at baseline

02/26/2007

Table 10.
Changes in client outcomes by independent housing status (i.e., living in one’s own place) at baseline
(Least square means from mixed regression analyses examining main effect of baseline housing status group, covarying for bl value of measure, site, and significant baseline differences between the 2 groups shown in Table 8) – group, time & group*time main effects included in models;  group effects shown below
  bl 3-mo 6-mo 9-mo 12-mo df(N) df(D) F p
Client outcomes
Housing
Days housed Not living in own place 13.33 63.29 81.66 83.43 84.36 1 975 10 **
  Living in own place 29.60 81.36 80.46 79.00 77.69        
Housed (own, else's or hotel) Not living in own place 0.15 0.88 0.93 0.94 0.95 1 902 140 ***
  Living in own place 0.98 0.96 0.95 0.94 0.92        
Homeless Not living in own place 0.22 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 1 569 24 ***
  Living in own place -0.01 -0.01 -0.01 0.01 0.01        
Housing satisfaction Not living in own place . 4.04 3.98 3.97 3.92 1 734 4 *
  Living in own place 4.09 4.08 4.06 4.08 4.08        
Community adjustment
Commun integration Not living in own place 6.82 7.12 7.29 7.19 7.32 1 971 0 n.s.
  Living in own place 6.80 6.99 7.21 7.32 7.12        
Knows any neighbors well Not living in own place 0.23 1.23 1.23 1.23 1.23 1 238 2 n.s.
  Living in own place 0.41 0.73 0.81 0.78 0.77        
Social support Not living in own place 1.41 1.40 1.38 1.34 1.31 1 894 0 n.s.
  Living in own place 1.35 1.32 1.38 1.40 1.34        
Days in jail Not living in own place 1.46 0.92 0.87 1.29 1.01 1 812 1 n.s.
  Living in own place 1.48 0.22 0.94 0.96 0.11        
QOL Not living in own place 4.22 4.61 4.71 4.66 4.67 1 1011 1 n.s.
  Living in own place 4.65 4.53 4.38 4.47 4.49        
Income/Support
Any employment Not living in own place 0.17 0.16 0.13 0.18 0.14 1 1042 0 n.s.
  Living in own place 0.15 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.15        
Employment income Not living in own place 41 53 51 73 55 1 1071 0 n.s.
  Living in own place 50 81 45 69 57        
Any public support Not living in own place 0.69 0.80 0.83 0.86 0.84 1 910 0 n.s.
  Living in own place 0.73 0.83 0.85 0.82 0.83        
Public support income Not living in own place 310 389 442 462 492 1 978 0 n.s.
  Living in own place 319 377 476 457 464        
Total income Not living in own place 378 466 524 575 589 1 1038 0 n.s.
  Living in own place 376 479 511 577 568        
Mental health
SF-12 mental Not living in own place 38.76 40.41 40.39 41.01 40.17 1 1018 2 n.s.
  Living in own place 38.94 38.78 40.13 39.49 40.75        
BSI Not living in own place 1.55 1.40 1.33 1.30 1.26 1 952 0 n.s.
  Living in own place 1.46 1.37 1.40 1.35 1.35        
Observed psychotic behavior Not living in own place 0.22 0.20 0.20 0.23 0.23 1 923 1 n.s.
  Living in own place 0.20 0.21 0.26 0.23 0.24        
Satisfaction with primary treater Not living in own place 5.31 5.22 5.26 5.11 4.99 1 484 4 n.s.
  Living in own place 5.35 5.16 5.40 5.36 5.46        
Substance abuse
Days intoxicated Not living in own place 2.06 1.44 1.56 1.55 1.71 1 965 6 *
  Living in own place 2.08 2.03 2.09 2.42 2.86        
Any drugs Not living in own place 0.40 0.33 0.33 0.35 0.36 1 979 1 n.s.
  Living in own place 0.36 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.41        
ASI alc Not living in own place 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.11 1 917 9 **
  Living in own place 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.14        
ASI drug Not living in own place 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 1 944 1 n.s.
  Living in own place 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05        
   * p<.05   ** p<.01   *** p<.001

 

Table 10.
Changes in client outcomes by independent housing status (i.e., living in one’s own place) at baseline (con’t.)

 

bl

3-mo

6-mo

9-mo

12-mo

df(N) df(D)

F

p

Client outcomes
Physical health
SF-12 physical Not living in own place 45.14 44.71 44.78 43.76 44.49 1 1020 6 *
  Living in own place 45.09 46.33 44.80 46.53 46.04        
Trust in physician Not living in own place 3.79 3.88 3.90 3.82 3.84 1 349 3 n.s.
  Living in own place 3.88 4.11 3.87 3.96 4.03        
Treatment costs
Cost of medical treatment Not living in own place 2,730 2,554 2,117 1,781 1,590 1 1029 0 n.s.
  Living in own place 4,161 2,049 1,668 1,137 1,350        
Cost of mental health services Not living in own place 2,324 2,201 1,463 978 1,314 1 1106 1 n.s.
  Living in own place 2,203 1,269 1,809 1,020 789        
Cost of substance abuse treatment Not living in own place 1,406 488 326 485 480 1 782 2 n.s.
  Living in own place 1,040 590 546 834 1,461        
Total health care cost Not living in own place 6,446 5,227 3,891 3,221 3,379 1 1035 0 n.s.
  Living in own place 7,454 3,962 4,047 3,043 3,631        
Inpatient care costs Not living in own place $5,379 $4,135 $3,061 $2,427 $2,704 1 1043 0 n.s.
  Living in own place $6,418 $2,965 $3,013 $2,163 $2,885        
Outpatient care costs Not living in own place $1,067 $1,087 $825 $788 $672 1 1077 1 n.s.
  Living in own place $1,038 $999 $1,049 $879 $754        
   * p<.05   ** p<.01   *** p<.001

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