HUD/HHS/VA Collaborative Initiative to Help End Chronic Homelessness: Preliminary Client Outcomes Report. Baseline characteristics of national evaluation subjects across sites

02/26/2007

Table 4.
Baseline characteristics of national evaluation subjects across sites

[stats as of Feb. 2006]
  TOTAL
(N=736)
CHA
(N=53)
CHI
(N=61)
COL
(N=80)
DEN
(N=97)
FTL
(N=48)
LOS
(N=64)
MAR
(N=50)
NYC
(N=52)
PHI
(N=69)
POR
(N=72)
SAF
(N=90)
ANOVA /
Chi-Sqr.
Mean/% SD/N Mean/% SD/N Mean/% SD/N Mean/% SD/N Mean/% SD/N Mean/% SD/N Mean/% SD/N Mean/% SD/N Mean/% SD/N Mean/% SD/N Mean/% SD/N Mean/% SD/N df F/X2 p
Client Eligibility
% Homeless greater than 1 year 86% 630 89% 47 90% 55 78% 62 92% 89 94% 45 88% 56 76% 38 87% 45 99% 68 60% 43 91% 82 10 66 ***
% Homeless 4 or more periods 69% 510 74% 39 67% 41 25% 20 82% 80 96% 46 77% 49 64% 32 40% 21 68% 47 81% 58 86% 77 10 136 ***
% With substance abuse problem 72% 532 49% 26 80% 49 41% 33 94% 91 48% 23 64% 41 72% 36 94% 49 74% 51 90% 65 76% 68 10 118 ***
% With alcohol problem 52% 385 36% 19 57% 35 34% 27 84% 81 42% 20 36% 23 44% 22 65% 34 57% 39 65% 47 42% 38 10 78 ***
% With drug problem 52% 381 34% 18 64% 39 28% 22 43% 42 27% 13 55% 35 52% 26 75% 39 64% 44 65% 47 62% 56 10 68 ***
% With mental health problem 77% 564 100% 53 43% 26 90% 72 73% 71 100% 48 94% 60 66% 33 33% 17 83% 57 74% 53 82% 74 10 152 ***
% With schizophrenia 19% 137 25% 13 10% 6 20% 16 14% 14 19% 9 28% 18 22% 11 0% 0 43% 30 13% 9 12% 11 10 54 ***
% With depression 28% 206 25% 13 20% 12 34% 27 20% 19 38% 18 33% 21 30% 15 27% 14 23% 16 31% 22 32% 29 10 12 n.s.
% With bipolar 19% 139 40% 21 8% 5 28% 22 26% 25 38% 18 11% 7 12% 6 4% 2 13% 9 17% 12 13% 12 10 53 ***
% With ptsd 7% 53 4% 2 3% 2 6% 5 11% 11 6% 3 9% 6 2% 1 0% 0 3% 2 11% 8 14% 13 10 22 *
% With other psychiatric d/o 3% 22 2% 1 2% 1 3% 2 2% 2 0% 0 9% 6 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 1% 1 10% 9 10 33 ***
% Ever hospitalized for psych. 51% 373 70% 37 30% 18 48% 38 44% 43 67% 32 73% 47 42% 21 10% 5 57% 39 51% 37 62% 56 10 27 **
% Ever taken meds for psych. 68% 503 85% 45 39% 24 75% 60 70% 68 100% 48 78% 50 58% 29 27% 14 67% 46 68% 49 78% 70 10 20 *
% Ever SA & MH problem 52% 386 49% 26 30% 18 36% 29 67% 65 48% 23 61% 39 42% 21 33% 17 65% 45 64% 46 63% 57 10 55 ***
% With medical problem 65% 476 79% 42 48% 29 36% 29 82% 80 54% 26 70% 45 76% 38 54% 28 68% 47 63% 45 74% 67 10 75 ***
% With developmental disability 10% 73 23% 12 5% 3 1% 1 1% 1 2% 1 17% 11 8% 4 12% 6 4% 3 13% 9 24% 22 10 58 ***
% Parent/guard. minor child 0% 1 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 1% 1 10 7 n.s.
Mean no. minor children 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 1.3 n.s.
Demographics
Mean age 46 9 44 10 45 8 46 8 47 9 44 9 44 10 49 10 47 9 46 10 44 9 46 10 10 1.9 *
% Male 76% 556 74% 39 77% 47 76% 61 79% 77 71% 34 69% 44 74% 37 87% 45 71% 49 71% 51 80% 72 10 9 n.s.
% Minority (non-caucasian) 62% 458 36% 19 93% 57 70% 56 54% 52 48% 23 84% 54 44% 22 88% 46 83% 57 36% 26 51% 46 10 124 ***
% Single (never married) 48% 351 40% 21 44% 27 36% 29 51% 49 42% 20 59% 38 22% 11 48% 25 68% 47 51% 37 52% 47 10 36 ***
% Married 2% 12 0% 0 3% 2 1% 1 0% 0 0% 0 5% 3 0% 0 6% 3 1% 1 0% 0 2% 2 10 16 n.s.
% Divorced/ separated/ widowed 33% 243 43% 23 20% 12 39% 31 37% 36 40% 19 23% 15 48% 24 35% 18 16% 11 32% 23 34% 31 10 27 **
% Veterans 30% 220 30% 16 26% 16 41% 33 26% 25 21% 10 30% 19 40% 20 37% 19 32% 22 26% 19 23% 21 10 14 n.s.
Mean years homeless (lifetime) 8 6 7 5 7 4 8 7 10 6 6 5 8 6 8 6 8 6 10 6 9 7 9 8 10 2.2 *
Use of Outpatient Services
Mean no. mental health visits 4 11 4 12 3 13 3 7 1 2 9 19 5 12 2 3 2 7 4 10 2 5 9 18 10 4.4 ***
Mean no. substance abuse  visits 6 18 2 7 6 22 0 3 2 10 2 11 6 16 5 19 17 29 5 14 14 23 10 24 10 6.0 ***
Mean no. medical care visits 3 8 4 9 2 12 1 4 4 4 4 15 2 3 3 5 3 6 3 8 3 8 4 11 10 0.9 n.s.
Treatment Outcomes
Housing
% Living in own place 28% 205 30% 16 10% 6 30% 24 41% 40 4% 2 38% 24 12% 6 10% 5 4% 3 4% 3 84% 76 10 233 ***
% Living alone 27% 196 30% 16 8% 5 30% 24 39% 38 4% 2 36% 23 10% 5 10% 5 4% 3 6% 4 79% 71 10 209 ***
% Receiving rental subsidy 27% 200 30% 16 10% 6 29% 23 41% 40 4% 2 36% 23 10% 5 8% 4 4% 3 4% 3 83% 75 10 233 ***
Mean no. days housed (past 90) 5 14 7 16 3 13 5 13 10 21 0 1 4 9 3 14 1 2 2 9 1 6 15 19 10 8.1 ***
Mean no. days homeless(past90) 57 37 49 33 66 37 55 39 61 37 62 36 49 37 62 35 84 18 60 38 61 29 29 34 10 10.6 ***
Employment (past 30 days)
% Worked for pay 16% 121 26% 14 8% 5 18% 14 21% 20 27% 13 14% 9 22% 11 21% 11 7% 5 18% 13 7% 6 10 25 **
Income (past 30 days)
Mean employment income 319 362 251 229 188 276 398 437 342 252 349 454 143 146 654 649 258 227 363 251 160 124 321 449 10 1.7 n.s.
% receiving employment income 14% 103 30% 16 7% 4 14% 11 16% 16 23% 11 11% 7 22% 11 12% 6 6% 4 19% 14 3% 3 10 36 ***
Mean public assistance income 397 268 314 224 252 257 322 248 409 229 241 192 411 199 642 314 225 143 483 195 238 208 641 233 10 22.7 ***
% receiving public assistance 70% 515 74% 39 70% 43 63% 50 47% 46 46% 22 91% 58 66% 33 73% 38 77% 53 81% 58 83% 75 10 66 ***
Mean total income 460 316 402 276 283 287 381 301 453 253 359 357 484 275 746 446 282 193 520 235 297 238 682 227 10 17.3 ***
Physical Health
Mean SF-12 physical health 45 10 41 11 51 8 48 10 43 10 45 12 45 11 41 9 46 9 47 10 43 10 42 10 10 5.6 ***
Mental Health
Mean SF-12 mental health 38 12 34 11 43 10 30 9 42 11 36 12 34 13 39 12 45 10 46 11 34 12 40 11 10 15.4 ***
Mean BSI symptom score 1.7 3.7 2.2 0.8 1.1 0.9 1.7 0.9 1.4 0.8 1.9 0.9 1.6 0.9 1.3 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.2 0.9 1.9 0.9 2.5 10.3 10 1.1 n.s.
Substance Abuse (past 30 days)
Mean no. days drunk 2.1 6.6 0.3 1.1 1.2 4.3 2.9 6.4 5.0 7.9 0.7 2.0 1.1 4.9 1.8 6.2 1.5 4.1 2.3 7.4 1.9 4.6 2.3 11.1 10 3.0 **
% Used illicit drugs 39% 284 30% 16 54% 33 24% 19 41% 40 10% 5 30% 19 26% 13 60% 31 29% 20 54% 39 54% 49 10 66 ***
Mean ASI-alcohol score 0.15 0.27 0.10 0.10 0.14 0.18 0.15 0.19 0.22 0.18 0.11 0.12 0.09 0.12 0.13 0.18 0.17 0.15 0.14 0.21 0.15 0.19 0.19 0.63 10 1.4 n.s.
Mean ASI-drug score 0.08 0.20 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.05 0.08 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.08 0.10 0.05 0.08 0.11 0.12 0.06 0.07 0.13 0.15 0.15 0.52 10 2.6 **
Incarceration (past 30 days)
Mean no. days in jail 1.5 8.8 3.8 12.9 0.0 0.1 3.6 13.6 1.8 10.8 2.0 13.0 1.1 4.2 0.3 1.7 0.2 1.2 2.2 12.8 0.8 3.1 0.2 2.2 10 1.5 n.s.
Subjective Quality of Life
Mean QOLI overall score (1-7) 4.5 3.9 4.0 1.8 3.8 1.6 4.0 1.7 4.5 1.5 4.3 1.6 4.0 1.7 4.7 1.6 4.8 1.6 4.8 1.7 4.0 1.5 5.7 10.1 10 1.7 n.s.
Observed Psychotic Behavior
Mean rating of psychosis (0-3) 0.22 0.30 0.29 0.28 0.10 0.17 0.06 0.10 0.13 0.21 0.31 0.23 0.33 0.46 0.32 0.25 0.12 0.20 0.08 0.25 0.35 0.33 0.38 0.37 10 14.0 ***
Services integration
% Living in own place 28% 205 30% 16 10% 6 30% 24 41% 40 4% 2 38% 24 12% 6 10% 5 4% 3 4% 3 84% 76 10 233 ***
% Has case manager(s) 89% 652 94% 50 74% 45 84% 67 100% 97 92% 44 80% 51 90% 45 92% 48 72% 50 96% 69 96% 86 10 61 ***
% Rec'd SA tx. for SA problem 44% 324 34% 18 30% 18 24% 19 29% 28 33% 16 42% 27 62% 31 69% 36 48% 33 79% 57 46% 41 10 83 ***
% Rec'd MH svc's for MH prob. 53% 392 81% 43 21% 13 53% 42 34% 33 85% 41 70% 45 46% 23 25% 13 62% 43 54% 39 63% 57 10 40 ***
% Rec'd med. care med. prob. 52% 386 70% 37 33% 20 24% 19 72% 70 38% 18 50% 32 70% 35 37% 19 58% 40 53% 38 64% 58 10 25 **
% Rec'd VA-eligible services 19% 138 13% 7 16% 10 28% 22 12% 12 15% 7 22% 14 20% 10 27% 14 25% 17 14% 10 17% 15 10 15 n.s.
Mean % overall integration 64% 23 71% 21 45% 28 60% 22 61% 22 64% 19 65% 26 67% 17 61% 22 58% 23 66% 17 82% 20 10 13 ***
Days from screening to enroll. 8 49 -7 31 1 5 -2 8 -2 7 33 45 18 30 10 48 5 13 -40 39 8 53 59 86 10 26 ***
Days from enrollment to baseline 30 49 26 34 17 77 17 27 34 36 27 32 39 46 59 66 24 22 63 70 20 27 12 43 10 8 ***
* p<.05   ** p<.01   *** p<.001

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