Positive Youth Development in the United States: Research Findings on Evaluations of Positive Youth Development Programs. J: Characteristics of Positive Youth Development Programs

11/13/1998

Summary of the Analysis

Program Characteristic Included (n = 25) Excluded (Range of n = 39-40)
Domains    
School domain component
88% (22)
80% (32, n = 40)
Family domain component
60% (15)
20% (8, n = 40)
Community domain component
48% (12)
50% (20, n = 40)
Single domain
32% (8)
53% (21, n = 40)
Two domains
32% (8)
25% (10, n = 40)
Three domains
36% (9)
15% (6, n = 40)
Four domains
-0-
8% (3, n = 40)
Total multi-domain
68% (17)
40% (16, n = 40)
PYD Constructs Featured    
Competence
100% (25)
100% (39, n = 39)
Prosocial norms
100% (25)
77% (30, n = 39)
Self-efficacy
100% (25)
87% (34, n = 39)
Opportunities for prosocial involvement
88% (22)
49% (19, n = 39)
Recognition for positive behavior
88% (22)
41% (16, n = 39)
Bonding
76% (19)
55% (13, n = 39)
Other Characteristics    
Assured implementation quality
100% (25)
70% (28, n = 40)
Employed structured curriculum or program activities
96% (24)
50% (20, n = 40)
Lasted at least nine months
80% (20)
43% (17, n = 40)
Increased positive behaviors
76% (19)
N/A
Reduced problem behaviors
96% (24)
N/A

Note:  The reason that excluded programs vary between 39 - 40 is because information was missing from evaluations and that precluded full analysis on a particular program dimension.