# Policy Research for Front of Package Nutrition Labeling: Developing and Testing a Summary System Algorithm. H: NDS Scores of Food Subgroupings and Selected Foods Using the Final Algorithm

TableH-1. Rankings of Mean Nutrient Density Scores per 100 kcal (NDSKCAL) of Selected Subgroupings of Foods
Rank Food Group Mean Score Minimum Maximum
The means were calculated from subgroupings of 570 foods. Some subgroupings contain only a few foods (e.g., rice).

1
Dairy
Yogurt

−18.86

−11.93

67.71
2 Milk 17.43 −6.63 54.73
3 Ice Cream −16.60 −73.05 66.48
4 Cheese −24.16 −63.95 14.51
5 Other −29.38 −96.47 10.96

1
Grains
Cereals, breakfast foods

15.76

−13.85

49.47
2 Crackers, salty snacks 15.62 −10.51 58.59
5 Mixed grain products 2.57 −33.20 31.98
6 Cakes, cookies, pastries 1.54 −30.02 80.61
7 Rice −4.34 −5.52 −2.96

1
Vegetables
Vegetables other than potatoes

109.67

16.29

286.92
2 Potatoes 15.70 −4.02 33.46
3 Soup −9.91 −42.11 20.95
4 Condiments −25.46 −240.91 39.72

1
Fats, Oils, and Dressings

−10.76

−115.13

20.85
2 Fats and oils −12.72 −90.35 30.83

1
Sweets and Beverages
Beverages

0.93

−67.25

104.44
2 Sugars, sweets −16.35 −55.36 31.42
Table H-2. Rankings of Mean Nutrient Density Scores per RACC (NDSRACC) of Selected Subgroupings of Foods
Rank Food Group Mean Score Minimum Maximum
The means were calculated from subgroupings of 570 foods. Some subgroupings contain only a few foods (e.g., rice).

1
Dairy
Yogurt

12.29

−49.36

64.61
2 Milk 10.98 −18.83 48.83
3 Other −14.07 −45.74 16.84
4 Ice cream −31.29 −101.75 49.16
5 Cheese −33.37 −71.74 2.82

1
Grains
Cereals, breakfast foods

20.62

−21.94

75.63
2 Crackers, salty snacks 15.90 −18.93 70.82
5 Mixed grain products −3.84 −50.45 115.62
6 Cakes, cookies, pastries −12.75 −148.62 118.62
7 Rice −13.22 −13.52 −12.86

1
Vegetables
Vegetables other than potatoes

35.88

1.04

77.12
2 Potatoes 17.66 −9.27 42.89
3 Condiments −0.73 −18.28 19.58
4 Soup −15.47 −54.31 34.04

1
Fats, Oils, and Dressings

−6.14

−26.51

10.45
2 Fats and oils −17.82 −98.00 22.85

1
Sweets and Beverages
Beverages

−5.26

−38.69

43.95
2 Sugars, sweets −31.47 −119.52 13.15
Table H-3. Nutrient Density Scores of 100 Foods Using the Final Algorithms (NDS)
Food Code Description Nutrient Density
Score per 100 kcal
(NDSKCAL)
Nutrient Density
Score per RACC
(NDSRACC)
Foodcodes and descriptions are from USDA Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies (FNDDS) Version 4.0.
1 The same nutrient values as foodcode 71101000 were used to calculate the score except the sodium value was replaced with 5 mg per 100 grams.

11111000
DAIRY FOODS
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole

−6.63

−18.83
11112110 Milk, cow's, fluid, 2% fat 7.62 1.47
11112210 Milk, cow's, fluid, 1% fat 28.39 22.39
11113000 Milk, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat, 0.5% or less butterfat 54.73 40.05
11411100 Yogurt, plain, whole milk −9.41 −21.61
11411200 Yogurt, plain, low-fat milk 27.80 30.01
11411300 Yogurt, plain, nonfat milk 54.99 60.71
11431000 Yogurt, fruit variety, whole milk −11.93 −49.36
11432000 Yogurt, fruit variety, low-fat milk 1.44 −11.93
11432500 Yogurt, fruit variety, low-fat milk, sweetened with low-calorie sweetener 14.31 25.40
11433000 Yogurt, fruit variety, nonfat milk 11.67 11.94
11433500 Yogurt, fruit variety, nonfat milk, sweetened with low-calorie sweetener 67.71 64.61
11511100 Milk, chocolate, whole milk-based −3.10 −16.62
11511200 Milk, chocolate, reduced fat milk-based, 2% 7.00 5.31
11511400 Milk, chocolate, low-fat milk-based 19.07 22.02
11511300 Milk, chocolate, skim milk-based 31.29 36.30
12120100 Cream, half and half −51.65 −22.51
12210400 Cream substitute, powdered −96.47 −10.99
13110100 Ice cream, regular, flavors other than chocolate −34.94 −55.69
13130300 Light ice cream, flavors other than chocolate −10.70 −18.15
13160400 Fat free ice cream, flavors other than chocolate 23.16 20.25
14410200 Cheese, processed, American or Cheddar type −45.77 −55.06

21101120
MEATS, POULTRY, AND FISH
Beef steak, broiled or baked, lean and fat eaten

7.57

−3.30
21500100 Ground beef or patty, cooked, NS as to percent lean 1.14 −17.32
22600200 Pork bacon, NS as to fresh, smoked or cured, cooked −17.60 −22.79
24122100 Chicken, breast, roasted, broiled, or baked, NS as to skin eaten 29.07 30.92
24127110 Chicken, breast, coated, baked or fried, prepared with skin, skin/coating eaten 17.17 18.17
24198700 Chicken patty, fillet, or tenders, breaded, cooked 17.86 20.71
24198740 Chicken nuggets 19.49 29.33
25210210 Frankfurter or hot dog, beef −33.58 −80.70
25230210 Ham, sliced, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat −19.94 −25.56
25230310 Chicken or turkey loaf, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat −4.34 −10.41
28140720 Chicken patty, or nuggets, boneless, breaded, potatoes, vegetable (frozen meal) 21.41 54.82

31105000
EGGS
Egg, whole, fried

7.01

−2.87
32105000 Egg omelet or scrambled egg, fat added in cooking 7.17 −4.95

41205010
LEGUMES AND NUTS
Refried beans

56.08

102.86
42100100 Almonds, NFS 74.53 114.43
42202000 Peanut butter 31.32 41.54
42202150 Peanut butter, reduced fat 31.91 45.48

51101000
GRAIN PRODUCTS

9.49

8.82
51300110 Bread, whole wheat, NS as to 100% 27.18 32.59
51301010 Bread, wheat or cracked wheat 21.94 25.78
52215100 Tortilla, corn 48.52 59.52
52215200 Tortilla, flour (wheat) 13.73 18.04
53105260 Cake, chocolate, devil's food, or fudge, with icing, coating, or filling, made from home recipe or purchased ready-to-eat −11.24 −52.85
53206000 Cookie, chocolate chip −19.99 −35.24
53540400 Kellogg's Nutri-Grain Cereal Bar 20.27 24.33
54301000 Cracker, snack 7.07 2.01
54401050 Salty snacks, corn or cornmeal base, corn puffs and twists; corn-cheese puffs and twists 14.25 11.77
54401080 Salty snacks, corn or cornmeal base, tortilla chips 28.47 35.59
54403020 Popcorn, popped in oil, buttered 12.31 10.29
54403070 Popcorn, popped in oil, low-fat 44.25 56.07
54408010 Pretzels, hard −0.41 −3.38
55101000 Pancakes, plain 12.92 25.85
56205010 Rice, white, cooked, regular, fat not added in cooking −5.52 −13.52
56205110 Rice, brown, cooked, regular, fat not added in cooking 13.58 19.50
58106225 Pizza, cheese, regular crust 0.07 −17.70
58132310 Spaghetti with tomato sauce and meatballs or spaghetti with meat sauce or spaghetti with meat sauce and meatballs 16.28 47.52

61119010
FRUIT
Orange, raw

115.15

93.81
61210220 Orange juice, canned, bottled or in a carton 50.75 55.10
61210250 Orange juice, with calcium added, canned, bottled or in a carton 91.76 98.42
63101000 Apple, raw 65.53 51.91
63107010 Banana, raw 45.35 60.68
63149010 Watermelon, raw 42.05 36.38
63223020 Strawberries, raw 128.78 82.85
64100110 Fruit juice blend, 100% juice 53.74 59.39
64104010 Apple juice 20.97 24.20

71101000
VEGETABLES
White potato, baked, peel not eaten (with added salt)

17.85

18.20
- White potato, baked, peel not eaten (no added salt)1 34.99 36.13
71201010 White potato, chips 33.46 42.89
71401030 White potato, french fries, from frozen, deep fried 18.85 32.16
72125100 Spinach, raw 215.74 50.92
73101010 Carrots, raw 99.87 37.14
74101000 Tomatoes, raw 139.48 23.50
74401010 Tomato catsup −63.47 −10.70
74402150 Salsa, red, cooked, not homemade −18.25 −2.09
75113000 Lettuce, raw 147.88 18.46
75117020 Onions, mature, raw 76.39 27.49
75503010 Cucumber pickles, dill −240.91 −9.61

81101000
FATS, OILS, AND DRESSINGS
Butter, stick, salted
−90.35 −98.00
81101010 Butter, whipped, tub, salted −88.60 −64.06
81103080 Margarine-like spread, tub, salted 7.87 −2.78
83106000 Italian dressing, made with vinegar and oil −18.79 −26.51
83107000 Mayonnaise, regular 20.85 10.45
83110000 Mayonnaise-type salad dressing 10.15 0.14
83112500 Creamy dressing, made with sour cream and/or buttermilk and oil 12.75 0.62
83205500 Italian dressing, reduced calorie, fat-free −115.13 −18.07

91101010
SWEETS AND BEVERAGES
Sugar, white, granulated or lump
−26.86 −5.12
91107000 Sucralose-based sweetener, sugar substitute 0.00 0.00
91401000 Jelly, all flavors −13.25 −8.58
91705010 Milk chocolate candy, plain −35.79 −86.49
91745020 Hard candy −17.08 −12.39
92101000 Coffee, made from ground, regular 48.61 0.95
92302000 Tea, leaf, unsweetened −16.85 −0.45
92302200 Tea, leaf, presweetened with sugar −26.92 −15.86
92410310 Soft drink, cola-type −24.77 −27.31
92410320 Soft drink, cola-type, sugar-free 8.07 0.15
92510610 Fruit juice drink −13.38 −19.95
92530610 Fruit juice drink, with high vitamin C 12.08 1.37
92560100 Gatorade Thirst Quencher sports drink −28.56 −21.33